Place the protection and filtering circuitry as close to the bus connector, J1, to prevent transients, ESD and noise from propagating onto the board. In this layout example a transient voltage suppression (TVS) device, D1, has been used for added protection. The production solution can be either bi-directional TVS diode or varistor with ratings matching the application requirements. This example also shows optional bus filter capacitors C4 and C5. Additionally (not shown) a series common mode choke (CMC) can be placed on the CANH and CANL lines between the transceiver U1 and connector J1.
Design the bus protection components in the direction of the signal path. Do not force the transient current to divert from the signal path to reach the protection device.
Use supply (VCC) and ground planes to provide low inductance.
High-frequency currents follows the path of least impedance and not the path of least resistance.
Use at least two vias for supply (VCC) and ground connections of bypass capacitors and protection devices to minimize trace and via inductance.
Bypass and bulk capacitors should be placed as close as possible to the supply terminals of transceiver, examples are C1, C2 on the VCC supply and C6 and C7 on the VIO supply.
Bus termination: this layout example shows split termination. This is where the termination is split into two resistors, R6 and R7, with the center or split tap of the termination connected to ground via capacitor C3. Split termination provides common mode filtering for the bus. When bus termination is placed on the board instead of directly on the bus, additional care must be taken to ensure the terminating node is not removed from the bus thus also removing the termination. See the application section for information on power ratings needed for the termination resistor(s).
To limit current of digital lines, serial resistors may be used. Examples are R2, R3, and R4. These are not required.
Terminal 1: R1 is shown optionally for the TXD input of the device. If an open drain host processor is used, this is mandatory to ensure the bit timing into the device is met.
Terminal 5: For "V" variants of the family, bypass capacitors should be placed as close to the pin as possible (example C6 and C7). For device options without VIO I/O level shifting, this pin is not internally connected and can be left floating or tied to any existing net, for example a split pin connection.
Terminal 8: is shown assuming the mode terminal, STB, will be used. If the device will only be used in normal mode, R4 is not needed and R5 could be used for the pull down resistor to GND.