SLLSF80A October   2019  – December 2020 TCAN1144-Q1 , TCAN1145-Q1 , TCAN1146-Q1

PRODUCTION DATA  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Description continued
  6. Device Comparison Table
  7. Pin Configuration and Functions
  8. Specifications
    1. 8.1  Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 8.2  ESD Ratings
    3. 8.3  ESD Ratings
    4. 8.4  Recommended Operating Conditions
    5. 8.5  Thermal Information
    6. 8.6  Supply Characteristics
    7. 8.7  Electrical Characteristics
    8. 8.8  Timing Requirements
    9. 8.9  Switching Characteristics
    10. 8.10 Typical Characteristics
  9. Parameter Measurement Information
  10. 10Detailed Description
    1. 10.1 Overview
    2. 10.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 10.3 Feature Description
      1. 10.3.1  VSUP Pin
      2. 10.3.2  VIO Pin
      3. 10.3.3  VCC Pin
      4. 10.3.4  GND
      5. 10.3.5  INH/LIMP Pin
      6. 10.3.6  WAKE Pin
      7. 10.3.7  TXD Pin
      8. 10.3.8  RXD Pin
      9. 10.3.9  SDO/nINT Interrupt Pin
      10. 10.3.10 nCS Pin
      11. 10.3.11 SCLK
      12. 10.3.12 SDI
      13. 10.3.13 CANH and CANL Bus Pins
    4. 10.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 10.4.1 Normal Mode
      2. 10.4.2 Standby Mode
      3. 10.4.3 Listen Only Mode
      4. 10.4.4 Sleep Mode
        1. 10.4.4.1 Bus Wake via RXD Request (BWRR) in Sleep Mode
        2. 10.4.4.2 Local Wake Up (LWU) via WAKE Input Terminal
      5. 10.4.5 Selective Wake-up
        1. 10.4.5.1 Selective Wake Mode (TCAN1145-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
        2. 10.4.5.2 Frame Detection (TCAN1145-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
        3. 10.4.5.3 Wake Up Frame (WUF) Validation (TCAN1145-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
        4. 10.4.5.4 WUF ID Validation (TCAN1145-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
        5. 10.4.5.5 WUF DLC Validation (TCAN1145-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
        6. 10.4.5.6 WUF Data Validation (TCAN1145-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
        7. 10.4.5.7 Frame error counter (TCAN1145-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
        8. 10.4.5.8 CAN FD Frame Tolerance (TCAN1145-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
      6. 10.4.6 Fail-safe Features
        1. 10.4.6.1 Sleep Mode via Sleep Wake Error
        2. 10.4.6.2 Fail-safe Mode
      7. 10.4.7 Protection Features
        1. 10.4.7.1 Driver and Receiver Function
        2. 10.4.7.2 Floating Terminals
        3. 10.4.7.3 TXD Dominant Time Out (DTO)
        4. 10.4.7.4 CAN Bus Short Circuit Current Limiting
        5. 10.4.7.5 Thermal Shutdown
        6. 10.4.7.6 Under/Over Voltage Lockout (UVLO) and Unpowered Device
          1. 10.4.7.6.1 UVSUP, UVCC
          2. 10.4.7.6.2 UVIO
            1. 10.4.7.6.2.1 Fault Behavior
        7. 10.4.7.7 Watchdog (TCAN1144-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
          1. 10.4.7.7.1 Watchdog Error Counter
          2. 10.4.7.7.2 Watchdog SPI Control Programming
          3. 10.4.7.7.3 Watchdog Timing
          4. 10.4.7.7.4 Question and Answer Watchdog
            1. 10.4.7.7.4.1 WD Question and Answer Basic information
            2. 10.4.7.7.4.2 Question and Answer Register and Settings
            3. 10.4.7.7.4.3 WD Question and Answer Value Generation
          5. 10.4.7.7.5 Question and Answer WD Example
            1. 10.4.7.7.5.1 Example configuration for desired behavior
            2. 10.4.7.7.5.2 Example of performing a question and answer sequence
      8. 10.4.8 Bus Fault Detection and Communication (TCAN1144-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
      9. 10.4.9 SPI Communication
        1. 10.4.9.1 Chip Select Not (nCS):
        2. 10.4.9.2 SPI Clock Input (SCLK):
        3. 10.4.9.3 SPI Serial Data Input (SDI):
        4. 10.4.9.4 SPI Serial Data Output (SDO):
    5. 10.5 Programming
    6. 10.6 Register Maps
      1. 10.6.1  DEVICE_ID_y Register (Address = 0h + formula) [reset = value]
      2. 10.6.2  REV_ID_MAJOR Register (Address = 8h) [reset = 01h]
      3. 10.6.3  REV_ID_MINOR Register (Address = 9h) [reset = 00h]
      4. 10.6.4  SPI_RSVD_x Register (Address = Ah + formula) [reset = 00h]
      5. 10.6.5  Scratch_Pad_SPI Register (Address = Fh) [reset = 00h]
      6. 10.6.6  MODE_CNTRL Register (Address = 10h) [reset = 04h]
      7. 10.6.7  WAKE_PIN_CONFIG Register (Address = 11h) [reset = 4h]
      8. 10.6.8  PIN_CONFIG Register (Address = 12h) [reset = 00h]
      9. 10.6.9  WD_CONFIG_1 Register (Address = 13h) [reset = 15h]
      10. 10.6.10 WD_CONFIG_2 Register (Address = 14h) [reset = 02h]
      11. 10.6.11 WD_INPUT_TRIG Register (Address = 15h) [reset = 00h]
      12. 10.6.12 WD_RST_PULSE Register (Address = 16h) [reset = 07h]
      13. 10.6.13 FSM_CONFIG Register (Address = 17h) [reset = 00h]
      14. 10.6.14 FSM_CNTR Register (Address = 18h) [reset = 00h]
      15. 10.6.15 DEVICE_RST Register (Address = 19h) [reset = 00h]
      16. 10.6.16 DEVICE_CONFIG1 Register (Address = 1Ah) [reset = 00h]
      17. 10.6.17 DEVICE_CONFIG2 Register (Address = 1Bh) [reset = 0h]
      18. 10.6.18 SWE_DIS Register (Address 1Ch) [reset = 04h]
      19. 10.6.19 SDO_CONFIG Register (Address = 29h) [reset = 00h]
      20. 10.6.20 WD_QA_CONFIG Register (Address = 2Dh) [reset = 00h]
      21. 10.6.21 WD_QA_ANSWER Register (Address = 2Eh) [reset = 00h]
      22. 10.6.22 WD_QA_QUESTION Register (Address = 2Fh) [reset = 00h]
      23. 10.6.23 SW_ID1 Register (Address = 30h) [reset = 00h]
      24. 10.6.24 SW_ID2 Register (Address = 31h) [reset = 00h]
      25. 10.6.25 SW_ID3 Register (Address = 32h) [reset = 00h]
      26. 10.6.26 SW_ID4 Register (Address = 33h) [reset = 00h]
      27. 10.6.27 SW_ID_MASK1 Register (Address = 34h) [reset = 00h]
      28. 10.6.28 SW_ID_MASK2 Register (Address = 35h) [reset = 00h]
      29. 10.6.29 SW_ID_MASK3 Register (Address = 36h) [reset = 00h]
      30. 10.6.30 SW_ID_MASK4 Register (Address = 37h) [reset = 00h]
      31. 10.6.31 SW_ID_MASK_DLC Register (Address = 38h) [reset = 00h]
      32. 10.6.32 DATA_y Register (Address = 39h + formula) [reset = 00h]
      33. 10.6.33 SW_RSVD_y Register (Address = 41h + formula) [reset = 00h]
      34. 10.6.34 SW_CONFIG_1 Register (Address = 44h) [reset = 50h]
      35. 10.6.35 SW_CONFIG_2 Register (Address = 45h) [reset = 00h]
      36. 10.6.36 SW_CONFIG_3 Register (Address = 46h) [reset = 1Fh]
      37. 10.6.37 SW_CONFIG_4 Register (Address = 47h) [reset = 00h]
      38. 10.6.38 SW_CONFIG_RSVD_y Register (Address = 48h + formula) [reset = 00h]
      39. 10.6.39 INT_GLOBAL Register (Address = 50h) [reset = 00h]
      40. 10.6.40 INT_1 Register (Address = 51h) [reset = 00h]
      41. 10.6.41 INT_2 Register (Address = 52h) [reset = 40h]
      42. 10.6.42 INT_3 Register (Address 53h) [reset = 00h]
      43. 10.6.43 INT_CANBUS Register (Address = 54h) [reset = 00h]
      44. 10.6.44 INT_GLOBAL_ENABLE (Address = 55h) [reset = 00h]
      45. 10.6.45 INT_ENABLE_1 Register (Address = 56h) [reset = FFh]
      46. 10.6.46 INT_ENABLE_2 Register (Address = 57h) [reset = 1Fh]
      47. 10.6.47 INT_ENABLE_3 Register (Address = 58h) [reset = 0h]
      48. 10.6.48 INT_ENABLE_CANBUS Register (Address = 59h) [reset = 7Fh]
      49. 10.6.49 INT_RSVD_y Register (Address = 5Ah + formula) [reset = 00h]
  11. 11Application Information Disclaimer
    1. 11.1 Application Information
      1. 11.1.1 BUS Loading, Length and Number of Nodes
      2. 11.1.2 CAN Termination
        1. 11.1.2.1 Termination
        2. 11.1.2.2 CAN Bus Biasing
    2. 11.2 Typical Application
      1. 11.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 11.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. 11.2.2.1 Brownout
      3. 11.2.3 Application Curves
  12. 12Power Supply Recommendations
  13. 13Layout
    1. 13.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 13.2 Layout Example
  14. 14Device and Documentation Support
    1. 14.1 Documentation Support
      1. 14.1.1 CAN Transceiver Physical Layer Standards:
      2. 14.1.2 EMC Requirements:
      3. 14.1.3 Conformance Test Requirements:
      4. 14.1.4 Related Documentation
    2. 14.2 Related Links
    3. 14.3 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    4. 14.4 Support Resources
    5. 14.5 Trademarks
    6. 14.6 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    7. 14.7 Glossary
  15. 15Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Design Requirements

The ISO 11898-2:2016 Standard specifies a maximum bus length of 40 m and maximum stub length of 0.3 m. However, with careful design, users can have longer cables, longer stub lengths, and many more nodes to a bus. A large number of nodes requires transceivers with high input impedance such as the TCAN114x-Q1. Many CAN organizations and standards have scaled the use of CAN for applications outside the original ISO 11898-2:2016. They have made system-level trade-offs for data rate, cable length, and parasitic loading of the bus. The TCAN114x-Q1 is specified to meet the 1.5 V requirement with a 50 Ω load, incorporating the worst case including parallel transceivers. The differential input resistance of the TCAN114x-Q1 is a minimum of 30 kΩ. If 100 the TCAN114x-Q1 are in parallel on a bus, this is equivalent to a 300 Ω differential load worst case. That transceiver load of 300 Ω in parallel with the 60 Ω gives an equivalent loading of 50 Ω. Therefore, the TCAN114x-Q1 theoretically supports up to 100 transceivers on a single bus segment. However, for CAN network design margin must be given for signal loss across the system and cabling, parasitic loadings, network imbalances, ground offsets and signal integrity thus a practical maximum number of nodes is typically much lower. Bus length may also be extended beyond the original ISO 11898-2:2016 standard of 40 m by careful system design and data rate tradeoffs. For example CANopen network design guidelines allow the network to be up to 1 km with changes in the termination resistance, cabling, less than 64 nodes and significantly lowered data rate. This flexibility in CAN network design is one of the key strengths of the various extensions and additional standards that have been built on the original ISO 11898-2:2016 CAN standard. In using this flexibility comes the responsibility of good network design and balancing these tradeoffs.