SLLSF80A October   2019  – December 2020 TCAN1144-Q1 , TCAN1145-Q1 , TCAN1146-Q1

PRODUCTION DATA  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Description continued
  6. Device Comparison Table
  7. Pin Configuration and Functions
  8. Specifications
    1. 8.1  Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 8.2  ESD Ratings
    3. 8.3  ESD Ratings
    4. 8.4  Recommended Operating Conditions
    5. 8.5  Thermal Information
    6. 8.6  Supply Characteristics
    7. 8.7  Electrical Characteristics
    8. 8.8  Timing Requirements
    9. 8.9  Switching Characteristics
    10. 8.10 Typical Characteristics
  9. Parameter Measurement Information
  10. 10Detailed Description
    1. 10.1 Overview
    2. 10.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 10.3 Feature Description
      1. 10.3.1  VSUP Pin
      2. 10.3.2  VIO Pin
      3. 10.3.3  VCC Pin
      4. 10.3.4  GND
      5. 10.3.5  INH/LIMP Pin
      6. 10.3.6  WAKE Pin
      7. 10.3.7  TXD Pin
      8. 10.3.8  RXD Pin
      9. 10.3.9  SDO/nINT Interrupt Pin
      10. 10.3.10 nCS Pin
      11. 10.3.11 SCLK
      12. 10.3.12 SDI
      13. 10.3.13 CANH and CANL Bus Pins
    4. 10.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 10.4.1 Normal Mode
      2. 10.4.2 Standby Mode
      3. 10.4.3 Listen Only Mode
      4. 10.4.4 Sleep Mode
        1. 10.4.4.1 Bus Wake via RXD Request (BWRR) in Sleep Mode
        2. 10.4.4.2 Local Wake Up (LWU) via WAKE Input Terminal
      5. 10.4.5 Selective Wake-up
        1. 10.4.5.1 Selective Wake Mode (TCAN1145-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
        2. 10.4.5.2 Frame Detection (TCAN1145-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
        3. 10.4.5.3 Wake Up Frame (WUF) Validation (TCAN1145-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
        4. 10.4.5.4 WUF ID Validation (TCAN1145-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
        5. 10.4.5.5 WUF DLC Validation (TCAN1145-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
        6. 10.4.5.6 WUF Data Validation (TCAN1145-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
        7. 10.4.5.7 Frame error counter (TCAN1145-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
        8. 10.4.5.8 CAN FD Frame Tolerance (TCAN1145-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
      6. 10.4.6 Fail-safe Features
        1. 10.4.6.1 Sleep Mode via Sleep Wake Error
        2. 10.4.6.2 Fail-safe Mode
      7. 10.4.7 Protection Features
        1. 10.4.7.1 Driver and Receiver Function
        2. 10.4.7.2 Floating Terminals
        3. 10.4.7.3 TXD Dominant Time Out (DTO)
        4. 10.4.7.4 CAN Bus Short Circuit Current Limiting
        5. 10.4.7.5 Thermal Shutdown
        6. 10.4.7.6 Under/Over Voltage Lockout (UVLO) and Unpowered Device
          1. 10.4.7.6.1 UVSUP, UVCC
          2. 10.4.7.6.2 UVIO
            1. 10.4.7.6.2.1 Fault Behavior
        7. 10.4.7.7 Watchdog (TCAN1144-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
          1. 10.4.7.7.1 Watchdog Error Counter
          2. 10.4.7.7.2 Watchdog SPI Control Programming
          3. 10.4.7.7.3 Watchdog Timing
          4. 10.4.7.7.4 Question and Answer Watchdog
            1. 10.4.7.7.4.1 WD Question and Answer Basic information
            2. 10.4.7.7.4.2 Question and Answer Register and Settings
            3. 10.4.7.7.4.3 WD Question and Answer Value Generation
          5. 10.4.7.7.5 Question and Answer WD Example
            1. 10.4.7.7.5.1 Example configuration for desired behavior
            2. 10.4.7.7.5.2 Example of performing a question and answer sequence
      8. 10.4.8 Bus Fault Detection and Communication (TCAN1144-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
      9. 10.4.9 SPI Communication
        1. 10.4.9.1 Chip Select Not (nCS):
        2. 10.4.9.2 SPI Clock Input (SCLK):
        3. 10.4.9.3 SPI Serial Data Input (SDI):
        4. 10.4.9.4 SPI Serial Data Output (SDO):
    5. 10.5 Programming
    6. 10.6 Register Maps
      1. 10.6.1  DEVICE_ID_y Register (Address = 0h + formula) [reset = value]
      2. 10.6.2  REV_ID_MAJOR Register (Address = 8h) [reset = 01h]
      3. 10.6.3  REV_ID_MINOR Register (Address = 9h) [reset = 00h]
      4. 10.6.4  SPI_RSVD_x Register (Address = Ah + formula) [reset = 00h]
      5. 10.6.5  Scratch_Pad_SPI Register (Address = Fh) [reset = 00h]
      6. 10.6.6  MODE_CNTRL Register (Address = 10h) [reset = 04h]
      7. 10.6.7  WAKE_PIN_CONFIG Register (Address = 11h) [reset = 4h]
      8. 10.6.8  PIN_CONFIG Register (Address = 12h) [reset = 00h]
      9. 10.6.9  WD_CONFIG_1 Register (Address = 13h) [reset = 15h]
      10. 10.6.10 WD_CONFIG_2 Register (Address = 14h) [reset = 02h]
      11. 10.6.11 WD_INPUT_TRIG Register (Address = 15h) [reset = 00h]
      12. 10.6.12 WD_RST_PULSE Register (Address = 16h) [reset = 07h]
      13. 10.6.13 FSM_CONFIG Register (Address = 17h) [reset = 00h]
      14. 10.6.14 FSM_CNTR Register (Address = 18h) [reset = 00h]
      15. 10.6.15 DEVICE_RST Register (Address = 19h) [reset = 00h]
      16. 10.6.16 DEVICE_CONFIG1 Register (Address = 1Ah) [reset = 00h]
      17. 10.6.17 DEVICE_CONFIG2 Register (Address = 1Bh) [reset = 0h]
      18. 10.6.18 SWE_DIS Register (Address 1Ch) [reset = 04h]
      19. 10.6.19 SDO_CONFIG Register (Address = 29h) [reset = 00h]
      20. 10.6.20 WD_QA_CONFIG Register (Address = 2Dh) [reset = 00h]
      21. 10.6.21 WD_QA_ANSWER Register (Address = 2Eh) [reset = 00h]
      22. 10.6.22 WD_QA_QUESTION Register (Address = 2Fh) [reset = 00h]
      23. 10.6.23 SW_ID1 Register (Address = 30h) [reset = 00h]
      24. 10.6.24 SW_ID2 Register (Address = 31h) [reset = 00h]
      25. 10.6.25 SW_ID3 Register (Address = 32h) [reset = 00h]
      26. 10.6.26 SW_ID4 Register (Address = 33h) [reset = 00h]
      27. 10.6.27 SW_ID_MASK1 Register (Address = 34h) [reset = 00h]
      28. 10.6.28 SW_ID_MASK2 Register (Address = 35h) [reset = 00h]
      29. 10.6.29 SW_ID_MASK3 Register (Address = 36h) [reset = 00h]
      30. 10.6.30 SW_ID_MASK4 Register (Address = 37h) [reset = 00h]
      31. 10.6.31 SW_ID_MASK_DLC Register (Address = 38h) [reset = 00h]
      32. 10.6.32 DATA_y Register (Address = 39h + formula) [reset = 00h]
      33. 10.6.33 SW_RSVD_y Register (Address = 41h + formula) [reset = 00h]
      34. 10.6.34 SW_CONFIG_1 Register (Address = 44h) [reset = 50h]
      35. 10.6.35 SW_CONFIG_2 Register (Address = 45h) [reset = 00h]
      36. 10.6.36 SW_CONFIG_3 Register (Address = 46h) [reset = 1Fh]
      37. 10.6.37 SW_CONFIG_4 Register (Address = 47h) [reset = 00h]
      38. 10.6.38 SW_CONFIG_RSVD_y Register (Address = 48h + formula) [reset = 00h]
      39. 10.6.39 INT_GLOBAL Register (Address = 50h) [reset = 00h]
      40. 10.6.40 INT_1 Register (Address = 51h) [reset = 00h]
      41. 10.6.41 INT_2 Register (Address = 52h) [reset = 40h]
      42. 10.6.42 INT_3 Register (Address 53h) [reset = 00h]
      43. 10.6.43 INT_CANBUS Register (Address = 54h) [reset = 00h]
      44. 10.6.44 INT_GLOBAL_ENABLE (Address = 55h) [reset = 00h]
      45. 10.6.45 INT_ENABLE_1 Register (Address = 56h) [reset = FFh]
      46. 10.6.46 INT_ENABLE_2 Register (Address = 57h) [reset = 1Fh]
      47. 10.6.47 INT_ENABLE_3 Register (Address = 58h) [reset = 0h]
      48. 10.6.48 INT_ENABLE_CANBUS Register (Address = 59h) [reset = 7Fh]
      49. 10.6.49 INT_RSVD_y Register (Address = 5Ah + formula) [reset = 00h]
  11. 11Application Information Disclaimer
    1. 11.1 Application Information
      1. 11.1.1 BUS Loading, Length and Number of Nodes
      2. 11.1.2 CAN Termination
        1. 11.1.2.1 Termination
        2. 11.1.2.2 CAN Bus Biasing
    2. 11.2 Typical Application
      1. 11.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 11.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. 11.2.2.1 Brownout
      3. 11.2.3 Application Curves
  12. 12Power Supply Recommendations
  13. 13Layout
    1. 13.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 13.2 Layout Example
  14. 14Device and Documentation Support
    1. 14.1 Documentation Support
      1. 14.1.1 CAN Transceiver Physical Layer Standards:
      2. 14.1.2 EMC Requirements:
      3. 14.1.3 Conformance Test Requirements:
      4. 14.1.4 Related Documentation
    2. 14.2 Related Links
    3. 14.3 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    4. 14.4 Support Resources
    5. 14.5 Trademarks
    6. 14.6 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    7. 14.7 Glossary
  15. 15Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Frame error counter (TCAN1145-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)

Upon activation of the selective wake up function and upon the expiration of tSILENCE the CAN frame error counter is set to zero. This error counter determines the CAN frame errors detected by the device. The error counter is at 8'h45 and is called FRAME_CNTx.

The initial counter value is zero and is incremented by 1 for every received frame error detected (stuff bit, CRC or CRC delimiter form error). The counter is decremented by 1 for every correctly received CAN frame assuming the counter is not zero. If the device is set for passive on CAN with flexible data rate frames, any frame detected as a CAN FD frame has no impact on the frame error counter (no increment or decrement). If a valid Classical CAN frame has been received and the counter is not zero the counter shall be decremented by one. Dominant bits between the CRC delimiter and the end of the intermission field do not increase the frame error counter.

On each increment or decrement of the error counter, the decoder unit waits for nBits_idle recessive bits before considering a dominant bit as a start of frame (SOF). See Figure 10-21 for the position of the mandatory start of frame detection when classic CAN frame was received and in case of error scenario.

GUID-EACB680B-9CD8-4510-A49E-457E69DD60A5-low.gifFigure 10-21 Mandatory SOF Detection after Classic CAN Frames and Error Scenarios

The default value for the frame error counter threshold is 31, so that on the 32nd error, the frame overflow flag (FRAME_OVF) is set.

Up to four (or eight when bit rate > 500 kbps) consecutive Classic CAN data and remote frames that start after the bias reaction time, tBias, has elapsed might be either ignored, no error counter increase of failure, or judged as erroneous (error counter increase even in case of no error).

Received a frame in CEFF with non-nominal reserved bits (SRR, r0) are not lead to an increase of the error counter.

The frame error counter is compared to the frame error counter threshold, FRAME_CNT_THRESHOLD in 8'h46. If the counter overflows the threshold the frame error overflow flag, FRAME_OVF, is set. The default value for the frame error counter threshold is 31 so that on the 32nd error the overflow flag is set. However if the application requires a different frame error count overflow threshold the required value may be programmed into the FRAME_CNT_THRESHOLD register.

The counter is reset by the following: disabling the frame detection, CANSLNT flag set, and setting register 8'h46 = 1.

The description for the errors detected:

  • Stuff bit error: A stuff bit error is detected when the 6th consecutive bit of the same state (level) is received. CAN message coding should have had a stuff bit at this bit position in the data stream.
  • CRC error: The CRC sequence consists of the result of the CRC calculation by the transmitting node. This device calculates the CRC with the same polynomial as the transmitting node. A CRC error is detected if the calculated result is not the same as the result received in the CRC sequence.
  • CRC delimiter error: The CRC delimiter error is detected when a bit of the wrong state (logic low / dominant) is received in the CRC delimiter bit position which is defined as logic high (recessive).