SBOS778D April 2016 – April 2021 THS4551
To extract out the input-referred noise terms from the total output noise, a measurement of the differential output noise is required under two external conditions to emphasize the different noise terms. A high-gain, low resistor value condition is used to emphasize the differential input voltage noise and a higher RF at low gains is used to emphasize the two input current noise terms. The differential output noise must be converted to single-ended with added gain before being measured by a spectrum analyzer. At low frequencies, a zero 1/f noise, high-gain, differential to single-ended instrumentation amplifier (such as the INA188) is used. At higher frequencies, a differential to single-ended balun is used to drive into a high-gain, low-noise, op amp (such as the LMH6629). In this case, the THS4551 outputs drive 25-Ω resistors into a 1:1 balun where the balun output is terminated single-endedly at the LMH6629 input with 50 Ω. This termination provides a modest 6-dB insertion loss for the THS4551 differential output noise that is then followed by a 40-dB gain setting in the very wideband LMH6629.