SLVS543P August   2004  – November 2018 TL431 , TL432

PRODUCTION DATA.  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
    1.     Simplified Schematic
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Device Comparison Table
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1  Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2  ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3  Thermal Information
    4. 7.4  Recommended Operating Conditions
    5. 7.5  Electrical Characteristics, TL431C, TL432C
    6. 7.6  Electrical Characteristics, TL431I, TL432I
    7. 7.7  Electrical Characteristics, TL431Q, TL432Q
    8. 7.8  Electrical Characteristics, TL431AC, TL432AC
    9. 7.9  Electrical Characteristics, TL431AI, TL432AI
    10. 7.10 Electrical Characteristics, TL431AQ, TL432AQ
    11. 7.11 Electrical Characteristics, TL431BC, TL432BC
    12. 7.12 Electrical Characteristics, TL431BI, TL432BI
    13. 7.13 Electrical Characteristics, TL431BQ, TL432BQ
    14. 7.14 Typical Characteristics
  8. Parameter Measurement Information
  9. Detailed Description
    1. 9.1 Overview
    2. 9.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 9.3 Feature Description
    4. 9.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 9.4.1 Open Loop (Comparator)
      2. 9.4.2 Closed Loop
  10. 10Applications and Implementation
    1. 10.1 Application Information
    2. 10.2 Typical Applications
      1. 10.2.1 Comparator With Integrated Reference
        1. 10.2.1.1 Design Requirements
        2. 10.2.1.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 10.2.1.2.1 Basic Operation
            1. 10.2.1.2.1.1 Overdrive
          2. 10.2.1.2.2 Output Voltage and Logic Input Level
            1. 10.2.1.2.2.1 Input Resistance
        3. 10.2.1.3 Application Curve
      2. 10.2.2 Shunt Regulator/Reference
        1. 10.2.2.1 Design Requirements
        2. 10.2.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 10.2.2.2.1 Programming Output/Cathode Voltage
          2. 10.2.2.2.2 Total Accuracy
          3. 10.2.2.2.3 Stability
          4. 10.2.2.2.4 Start-Up Time
        3. 10.2.2.3 Application Curve
    3. 10.3 System Examples
  11. 11Power Supply Recommendations
  12. 12Layout
    1. 12.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 12.2 Layout Example
  13. 13Device and Documentation Support
    1. 13.1 Device Nomenclature
    2. 13.2 Related Links
    3. 13.3 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    4. 13.4 Community Resources
    5. 13.5 Trademarks
    6. 13.6 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    7. 13.7 Glossary
  14. 14Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Programming Output/Cathode Voltage

In order to program the cathode voltage to a regulated voltage a resistive bridge must be shunted between the cathode and anode pins with the mid point tied to the reference pin. This can be seen in Figure 27, with R1 & R2 being the resistive bridge. The cathode/output voltage in the shunt regulator configuration can be approximated by the equation shown in Figure 27. The cathode voltage can be more accuratel determined by taking in to account the cathode current:

Vo=(1+R1/R2)*VREF-IREF*R1

In order for this equation to be valid, TL43xx must be fully biased so that it has enough open loop gain to mitigate any gain error. This can be done by meeting the Imin spec denoted in Electrical Characteristics, TL431C, TL432C.