SBASA91 December   2020 TLV320ADC3120

ADVANCE INFORMATION  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Device Comparison Table
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1  Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2  ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3  Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4  Thermal Information
    5. 7.5  Electrical Characteristics
    6. 7.6  Timing Requirements: I2C Interface
    7. 7.7  Switching Characteristics: I2C Interface
    8. 7.8  Timing Requirements: TDM, I2S or LJ Interface
    9. 7.9  Switching Characteristics: TDM, I2S or LJ Interface
    10. 7.10 Timing Requirements: PDM Digital Microphone Interface
    11. 7.11 Switching Characteristics: PDM Digial Microphone Interface
    12. 7.12 Timing Diagrams
    13. 7.13 Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1 Serial Interfaces
        1. 8.3.1.1 Control Serial Interfaces
        2. 8.3.1.2 Audio Serial Interfaces
          1. 8.3.1.2.1 Time Division Multiplexed Audio (TDM) Interface
          2. 8.3.1.2.2 Inter IC Sound (I2S) Interface
          3. 8.3.1.2.3 Left-Justified (LJ) Interface
        3. 8.3.1.3 Using Multiple Devices With Shared Buses
      2. 8.3.2 Phase-Locked Loop (PLL) and Clock Generation
      3. 8.3.3 Input Channel Configurations
      4. 8.3.4 Reference Voltage
      5. 8.3.5 Programmable Microphone Bias
      6. 8.3.6 Signal-Chain Processing
        1. 8.3.6.1 Programmable Channel Gain and Digital Volume Control
        2. 8.3.6.2 Programmable Channel Gain Calibration
        3. 8.3.6.3 Programmable Channel Phase Calibration
        4. 8.3.6.4 Programmable Digital High-Pass Filter
        5. 8.3.6.5 Programmable Digital Biquad Filters
        6. 8.3.6.6 Programmable Channel Summer and Digital Mixer
        7. 8.3.6.7 Configurable Digital Decimation Filters
          1. 8.3.6.7.1 Linear Phase Filters
            1. 8.3.6.7.1.1 Sampling Rate: 8 kHz or 7.35 kHz
            2. 8.3.6.7.1.2 Sampling Rate: 16 kHz or 14.7 kHz
            3. 8.3.6.7.1.3 Sampling Rate: 24 kHz or 22.05 kHz
            4. 8.3.6.7.1.4 Sampling Rate: 32 kHz or 29.4 kHz
            5. 8.3.6.7.1.5 Sampling Rate: 48 kHz or 44.1 kHz
            6. 8.3.6.7.1.6 Sampling Rate: 96 kHz or 88.2 kHz
            7. 8.3.6.7.1.7 Sampling Rate: 192 kHz or 176.4 kHz
            8. 8.3.6.7.1.8 Sampling Rate: 384 kHz or 352.8 kHz
            9. 8.3.6.7.1.9 Sampling Rate 768 kHz or 705.6 kHz
          2. 8.3.6.7.2 Low-Latency Filters
            1. 8.3.6.7.2.1 Sampling Rate: 16 kHz or 14.7 kHz
            2. 8.3.6.7.2.2 Sampling Rate: 24 kHz or 22.05 kHz
            3. 8.3.6.7.2.3 Sampling Rate: 32 kHz or 29.4 kHz
            4. 8.3.6.7.2.4 Sampling Rate: 48 kHz or 44.1 kHz
            5. 8.3.6.7.2.5 Sampling Rate: 96 kHz or 88.2 kHz
            6. 8.3.6.7.2.6 Sampling Rate 192 kHz or 176.4 kHz
          3. 8.3.6.7.3 Ultra-Low Latency Filters
            1. 8.3.6.7.3.1 Sampling Rate: 16 kHz or 14.7 kHz
            2. 8.3.6.7.3.2 Sampling Rate: 24 kHz or 22.05 kHz
            3. 8.3.6.7.3.3 Sampling Rate: 32 kHz or 29.4 kHz
            4. 8.3.6.7.3.4 Sampling Rate: 48 kHz or 44.1 kHz
            5. 8.3.6.7.3.5 Sampling Rate: 96 kHz or 88.2 kHz
            6. 8.3.6.7.3.6 Sampling Rate 192 kHz or 176.4 kHz
            7. 8.3.6.7.3.7 Sampling Rate 384 kHz or 352.8 kHz
      7. 8.3.7 Automatic Gain Controller (AGC)
      8. 8.3.8 Digital PDM Microphone Record Channel
      9. 8.3.9 Interrupts, Status, and Digital I/O Pin Multiplexing
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Sleep Mode or Software Shutdown
      2. 8.4.2 Active Mode
      3. 8.4.3 Software Reset
    5. 8.5 Programming
      1. 8.5.1 Control Serial Interfaces
        1. 8.5.1.1 I2C Control Interface
          1. 8.5.1.1.1 General I2C Operation
          2. 8.5.1.1.2 I2C Single-Byte and Multiple-Byte Transfers
            1. 8.5.1.1.2.1 I2C Single-Byte Write
            2. 8.5.1.1.2.2 I2C Multiple-Byte Write
            3. 8.5.1.1.2.3 I2C Single-Byte Read
            4. 8.5.1.1.2.4 I2C Multiple-Byte Read
    6. 8.6 Register Maps
      1. 8.6.1 Device Configuration Registers
        1. 8.6.1.1 TLV320ADC3120 Access Codes
      2. 8.6.2 Page 0 Registers
      3. 8.6.3 Page 1 Registers
      4. 8.6.4 Programmable Coefficient Registers
        1. 8.6.4.1 Programmable Coefficient Registers: Page 2
        2. 8.6.4.2 Programmable Coefficient Registers: Page 3
        3. 8.6.4.3 Programmable Coefficient Registers: Page 4
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
    2. 9.2 Typical Applications
      1. 9.2.1 Two-Channel Analog Microphone Recording
        1. 9.2.1.1 Design Requirements
        2. 9.2.1.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 9.2.1.2.1 Example Device Register Configuration Script for EVM Setup
        3. 9.2.1.3 Application Curves
      2. 9.2.2 Four-Channel Digital PDM Microphone Recording
        1. 9.2.2.1 Design Requirements
        2. 9.2.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 9.2.2.2.1 Example Device Register Configuration Script for EVM Setup
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Documentation Support
    2. 12.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 12.3 Support Resources
    4. 12.4 Trademarks
    5. 12.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 12.6 Glossary

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Programmable Channel Gain and Digital Volume Control

The device has an independent programmable channel gain setting for each input channel that can be set to the appropriate value based on the maximum input signal expected in the system and the ADC VREF setting used (see the Section 8.3.4 section), which determines the ADC full-scale signal level.

Configure the desired channel gain setting before powering up the ADC channel and do not change this setting while the ADC is powered on. The programmable range supported for each channel gain is from 0 dB to 42 dB in steps of 1 dB. To achieve low-noise performance, the device internal logic first maximizes the gain for the front-end low-noise analog PGA, which supports a dynamic range of 120 dB, and then applies any residual programmed channel gain in the digital processing block.

Table 8-12 shows the programmable options available for the channel gain.

Table 8-12 Channel Gain Programmable Settings
P0_R61_D[7:2] : CH1_GAIN[5:0] CHANNEL GAIN SETTING FOR INPUT CHANNEL 1
00 0000 = 0d (default) Input channel 1 gain is set to 0 dB
00 0001 = 1d Input channel 1 gain is set to 1 dB
00 0010 = 2d Input channel 1 gain is set to 2 dB
10 1001 = 41d Input channel 1 gain is set to 41 dB
10 1010 = 42d Input channel 1 gain is set to 42 dB
10 1011 to 11 1111 = 43d to 63d Reserved (do not use these settings)

Similarly, the channel gain setting for input channel 2 can be configured using the CH2_GAIN (P0_R66). The channel gain feature is not available for the digital microphone record path.

The device also has a programmable digital volume control with a range from –100 dB to 27 dB in steps of 0.5 dB with the option to mute the channel recording. The digital volume control value can be changed dynamically while the ADC channel is powered-up and recording. During volume control changes, the soft ramp-up or ramp-down volume feature is used internally to avoid any audible artifacts. Soft-stepping can be entirely disabled using the DISABLE_SOFT_STEP (P0_R108_D4) register bit.

The digital volume control setting is independently available for each output channel, including the digital microphone record channel. However, the device also supports an option to gang-up the volume control setting for all channels together using the channel 1 digital volume control setting, regardless if channel 1 is powered up or powered down. This gang-up can be enabled using the DVOL_GANG (P0_R108_D7) register bit.

Table 8-13 shows the programmable options available for the digital volume control.

Table 8-13 Digital Volume Control (DVC) Programmable Settings
P0_R62_D[7:0] : CH1_DVOL[7:0] DVC SETTING FOR OUTPUT CHANNEL 1
0000 0000 = 0d Output channel 1 DVC is set to mute
0000 0001 = 1d Output channel 1 DVC is set to –100 dB
0000 0010 = 2d Output channel 1 DVC is set to –99.5 dB
0000 0011 = 3d Output channel 1 DVC is set to –99 dB
1100 1000 = 200d Output channel 1 DVC is set to –0.5 dB
1100 1001 = 201d (default) Output channel 1 DVC is set to 0 dB
1100 1010 = 202d Output channel 1 DVC is set to 0.5 dB
1111 1101 = 253d Output channel 1 DVC is set to 26 dB
1111 1110 = 254d Output channel 1 DVC is set to 26.5 dB
1111 1111 = 255d Output channel 1 DVC is set to 27 dB

Similarly, the digital volume control setting for output channel 2 to channel 4 can be configured using the CH2_DVOL (P0_R67) to CH4_DVOL (P0_R77) register bits, respectively.

The internal digital processing engine soft ramps up the volume from a muted level to the programmed volume level when the channel is powered up, and the internal digital processing engine soft ramps down the volume from a programmed volume to mute when the channel is powered down. This soft-stepping of volume is done to prevent abruptly powering up and powering down the record channel. This feature can also be entirely disabled using the DISABLE_SOFT_STEP (P0_R108_D4) register bit.