SBASA91 December   2020 TLV320ADC3120

ADVANCE INFORMATION  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Device Comparison Table
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1  Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2  ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3  Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4  Thermal Information
    5. 7.5  Electrical Characteristics
    6. 7.6  Timing Requirements: I2C Interface
    7. 7.7  Switching Characteristics: I2C Interface
    8. 7.8  Timing Requirements: TDM, I2S or LJ Interface
    9. 7.9  Switching Characteristics: TDM, I2S or LJ Interface
    10. 7.10 Timing Requirements: PDM Digital Microphone Interface
    11. 7.11 Switching Characteristics: PDM Digial Microphone Interface
    12. 7.12 Timing Diagrams
    13. 7.13 Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1 Serial Interfaces
        1. 8.3.1.1 Control Serial Interfaces
        2. 8.3.1.2 Audio Serial Interfaces
          1. 8.3.1.2.1 Time Division Multiplexed Audio (TDM) Interface
          2. 8.3.1.2.2 Inter IC Sound (I2S) Interface
          3. 8.3.1.2.3 Left-Justified (LJ) Interface
        3. 8.3.1.3 Using Multiple Devices With Shared Buses
      2. 8.3.2 Phase-Locked Loop (PLL) and Clock Generation
      3. 8.3.3 Input Channel Configurations
      4. 8.3.4 Reference Voltage
      5. 8.3.5 Programmable Microphone Bias
      6. 8.3.6 Signal-Chain Processing
        1. 8.3.6.1 Programmable Channel Gain and Digital Volume Control
        2. 8.3.6.2 Programmable Channel Gain Calibration
        3. 8.3.6.3 Programmable Channel Phase Calibration
        4. 8.3.6.4 Programmable Digital High-Pass Filter
        5. 8.3.6.5 Programmable Digital Biquad Filters
        6. 8.3.6.6 Programmable Channel Summer and Digital Mixer
        7. 8.3.6.7 Configurable Digital Decimation Filters
          1. 8.3.6.7.1 Linear Phase Filters
            1. 8.3.6.7.1.1 Sampling Rate: 8 kHz or 7.35 kHz
            2. 8.3.6.7.1.2 Sampling Rate: 16 kHz or 14.7 kHz
            3. 8.3.6.7.1.3 Sampling Rate: 24 kHz or 22.05 kHz
            4. 8.3.6.7.1.4 Sampling Rate: 32 kHz or 29.4 kHz
            5. 8.3.6.7.1.5 Sampling Rate: 48 kHz or 44.1 kHz
            6. 8.3.6.7.1.6 Sampling Rate: 96 kHz or 88.2 kHz
            7. 8.3.6.7.1.7 Sampling Rate: 192 kHz or 176.4 kHz
            8. 8.3.6.7.1.8 Sampling Rate: 384 kHz or 352.8 kHz
            9. 8.3.6.7.1.9 Sampling Rate 768 kHz or 705.6 kHz
          2. 8.3.6.7.2 Low-Latency Filters
            1. 8.3.6.7.2.1 Sampling Rate: 16 kHz or 14.7 kHz
            2. 8.3.6.7.2.2 Sampling Rate: 24 kHz or 22.05 kHz
            3. 8.3.6.7.2.3 Sampling Rate: 32 kHz or 29.4 kHz
            4. 8.3.6.7.2.4 Sampling Rate: 48 kHz or 44.1 kHz
            5. 8.3.6.7.2.5 Sampling Rate: 96 kHz or 88.2 kHz
            6. 8.3.6.7.2.6 Sampling Rate 192 kHz or 176.4 kHz
          3. 8.3.6.7.3 Ultra-Low Latency Filters
            1. 8.3.6.7.3.1 Sampling Rate: 16 kHz or 14.7 kHz
            2. 8.3.6.7.3.2 Sampling Rate: 24 kHz or 22.05 kHz
            3. 8.3.6.7.3.3 Sampling Rate: 32 kHz or 29.4 kHz
            4. 8.3.6.7.3.4 Sampling Rate: 48 kHz or 44.1 kHz
            5. 8.3.6.7.3.5 Sampling Rate: 96 kHz or 88.2 kHz
            6. 8.3.6.7.3.6 Sampling Rate 192 kHz or 176.4 kHz
            7. 8.3.6.7.3.7 Sampling Rate 384 kHz or 352.8 kHz
      7. 8.3.7 Automatic Gain Controller (AGC)
      8. 8.3.8 Digital PDM Microphone Record Channel
      9. 8.3.9 Interrupts, Status, and Digital I/O Pin Multiplexing
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Sleep Mode or Software Shutdown
      2. 8.4.2 Active Mode
      3. 8.4.3 Software Reset
    5. 8.5 Programming
      1. 8.5.1 Control Serial Interfaces
        1. 8.5.1.1 I2C Control Interface
          1. 8.5.1.1.1 General I2C Operation
          2. 8.5.1.1.2 I2C Single-Byte and Multiple-Byte Transfers
            1. 8.5.1.1.2.1 I2C Single-Byte Write
            2. 8.5.1.1.2.2 I2C Multiple-Byte Write
            3. 8.5.1.1.2.3 I2C Single-Byte Read
            4. 8.5.1.1.2.4 I2C Multiple-Byte Read
    6. 8.6 Register Maps
      1. 8.6.1 Device Configuration Registers
        1. 8.6.1.1 TLV320ADC3120 Access Codes
      2. 8.6.2 Page 0 Registers
      3. 8.6.3 Page 1 Registers
      4. 8.6.4 Programmable Coefficient Registers
        1. 8.6.4.1 Programmable Coefficient Registers: Page 2
        2. 8.6.4.2 Programmable Coefficient Registers: Page 3
        3. 8.6.4.3 Programmable Coefficient Registers: Page 4
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
    2. 9.2 Typical Applications
      1. 9.2.1 Two-Channel Analog Microphone Recording
        1. 9.2.1.1 Design Requirements
        2. 9.2.1.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 9.2.1.2.1 Example Device Register Configuration Script for EVM Setup
        3. 9.2.1.3 Application Curves
      2. 9.2.2 Four-Channel Digital PDM Microphone Recording
        1. 9.2.2.1 Design Requirements
        2. 9.2.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 9.2.2.2.1 Example Device Register Configuration Script for EVM Setup
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Documentation Support
    2. 12.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 12.3 Support Resources
    4. 12.4 Trademarks
    5. 12.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 12.6 Glossary

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Phase-Locked Loop (PLL) and Clock Generation

The device has a smart auto-configuration block to generate all necessary internal clocks required for the ADC modulator and the digital filter engine used for signal processing. This configuration is done by monitoring the frequency of the FSYNC and BCLK signal on the audio bus.

The device supports the various output data sample rates (of the FSYNC signal frequency) and the BCLK to FSYNC ratio to configure all clock dividers, including the PLL configuration, internally without host programming. Table 8-6 and Table 8-7 list the supported FSYNC and BCLK frequencies.

Table 8-6 Supported FSYNC (Multiples or Submultiples of 48 kHz) and BCLK Frequencies
BCLK TO FSYNC RATIOBCLK (MHz)
FSYNC
(8 kHz)
FSYNC
(16 kHz)
FSYNC
(24 kHz)
FSYNC
(32 kHz)
FSYNC
(48 kHz)
FSYNC
(96 kHz)
FSYNC (192 kHz)FSYNC (384 kHz)FSYNC (768 kHz)
16Reserved0.2560.3840.5120.7681.5363.0726.14412.288
24Reserved0.3840.5760.7681.1522.3044.6089.21618.432
320.2560.5120.7681.0241.5363.0726.14412.28824.576
480.3840.7681.1521.5362.3044.6089.21618.432Reserved
640.5121.0241.5362.0483.0726.14412.28824.576Reserved
960.7681.5362.3043.0724.6089.21618.432ReservedReserved
1281.0242.0483.0724.0966.14412.28824.576ReservedReserved
1921.5363.0724.6086.1449.21618.432ReservedReservedReserved
2562.0484.0966.1448.19212.28824.576ReservedReservedReserved
3843.0726.1449.21612.28818.432ReservedReservedReservedReserved
5124.0968.19212.28816.38424.576ReservedReservedReservedReserved
10248.19216.38424.576ReservedReservedReservedReservedReservedReserved
204816.384ReservedReservedReservedReservedReservedReservedReservedReserved
Table 8-7 Supported FSYNC (Multiples or Submultiples of 44.1 kHz) and BCLK Frequencies
BCLK TO FSYNC RATIOBCLK (MHz)
FSYNC (7.35 kHz)FSYNC (14.7 kHz)FSYNC (22.05 kHz)FSYNC (29.4 kHz)FSYNC (44.1 kHz)FSYNC (88.2 kHz)FSYNC (176.4 kHz)FSYNC (352.8 kHz)FSYNC (705.6 kHz)
16ReservedReserved0.35280.47040.70561.41122.82245.644811.2896
24Reserved0.35280.52920.70561.05842.11684.23368.467216.9344
32Reserved0.47040.70560.94081.41122.82245.644811.289622.5792
480.35280.70561.05841.41122.11684.23368.467216.9344Reserved
640.47040.94081.41121.88162.82245.644811.289622.5792Reserved
960.70561.41122.11682.82244.23368.467216.9344ReservedReserved
1280.94081.88162.82243.76325.644811.289622.5792ReservedReserved
1921.41122.82244.23365.64488.467216.9344ReservedReservedReserved
2561.88163.76325.64487.526411.289622.5792ReservedReservedReserved
3842.82245.64488.467211.289616.9344ReservedReservedReservedReserved
5123.76327.526411.289615.052822.5792ReservedReservedReservedReserved
10247.526415.052822.5792ReservedReservedReservedReservedReservedReserved
204815.0528ReservedReservedReservedReservedReservedReservedReservedReserved

The status register ASI_STS, P0_R21, captures the device auto detect result for the FSYNC frequency and the BCLK to FSYNC ratio. If the device finds any unsupported combinations of FSYNC frequency and BCLK to FSYNC ratios, the device generates an ASI clock-error interrupt and mutes the record channels accordingly.

The device uses an integrated, low-jitter, phase-locked loop (PLL) to generate internal clocks required for the ADC modulator and digital filter engine, as well as other control blocks. The device also supports an option to use BCLK, GPIO1, or the GPIx pin (as MCLK) as the audio clock source without using the PLL to reduce power consumption. However, the ADC performance may degrade based on jitter from the external clock source, and some processing features may not be supported if the external audio clock source frequency is not high enough. Therefore, TI recommends using the PLL for high-performance applications. More details and information on how to configure and use the device in low-power mode without using the PLL are discussed in the TLV320ADCx140 Operation for Low-Power Critical Applications application report.

The device also supports an audio bus master mode operation using the GPIO1 or GPIx pin (as MCLK) as the reference input clock source and supports various flexible options and a wide variety of system clocks. More details and information on master mode configuration and operation are discussed in the Configuring and Operating the TLV320ADCx140 as an Audio Bus Master application report.

The audio bus clock error detection and auto-detect feature automatically generates all internal clocks, but can be disabled using the ASI_ERR, P0_R9_D5 and AUTO_CLK_CFG, P0_R19_D6, register bits, respectively. In the system, this disable feature can be used to support custom clock frequencies that are not covered by the auto detect scheme. For such application use cases, care must be taken to ensure that the multiple clock dividers are all configured appropriately. Therefore, TI recommends using the PPC3 GUI for device configuration settings; for more details see the TLV320ADCx140 Evaluation module user's guide and the PurePath™ console graphical development suite.