SBASA91A December   2020  – June 2021 TLV320ADC3120

PRODUCTION DATA  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Device Comparison Table
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1  Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2  ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3  Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4  Thermal Information
    5. 7.5  Electrical Characteristics
    6. 7.6  Timing Requirements: I2C Interface
    7. 7.7  Switching Characteristics: I2C Interface
    8. 7.8  Timing Requirements: TDM, I2S or LJ Interface
    9. 7.9  Switching Characteristics: TDM, I2S or LJ Interface
    10. 7.10 Timing Requirements: PDM Digital Microphone Interface
    11. 7.11 Switching Characteristics: PDM Digital Microphone Interface
    12. 7.12 Timing Diagrams
    13. 7.13 Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1  Serial Interfaces
        1. 8.3.1.1 Control Serial Interfaces
        2. 8.3.1.2 Audio Serial Interfaces
          1. 8.3.1.2.1 Time Division Multiplexed Audio (TDM) Interface
          2. 8.3.1.2.2 Inter IC Sound (I2S) Interface
          3. 8.3.1.2.3 Left-Justified (LJ) Interface
        3. 8.3.1.3 Using Multiple Devices With Shared Buses
      2. 8.3.2  Phase-Locked Loop (PLL) and Clock Generation
      3. 8.3.3  Input Channel Configurations
      4. 8.3.4  Reference Voltage
      5. 8.3.5  Programmable Microphone Bias
      6. 8.3.6  Signal-Chain Processing
        1. 8.3.6.1 Programmable Channel Gain and Digital Volume Control
        2. 8.3.6.2 Programmable Channel Gain Calibration
        3. 8.3.6.3 Programmable Channel Phase Calibration
        4. 8.3.6.4 Programmable Digital High-Pass Filter
        5. 8.3.6.5 Programmable Digital Biquad Filters
        6. 8.3.6.6 Programmable Channel Summer and Digital Mixer
        7. 8.3.6.7 Configurable Digital Decimation Filters
          1. 8.3.6.7.1 Linear Phase Filters
            1. 8.3.6.7.1.1 Sampling Rate: 7.35 kHz to 8 kHz
            2. 8.3.6.7.1.2 Sampling Rate: 14.7 kHz to 16 kHz
            3. 8.3.6.7.1.3 Sampling Rate: 22.05 kHz to 24 kHz
            4. 8.3.6.7.1.4 Sampling Rate: 29.4 kHz to 32 kHz
            5. 8.3.6.7.1.5 Sampling Rate: 44.1 kHz to 48 kHz
            6. 8.3.6.7.1.6 Sampling Rate: 88.2 kHz to 96 kHz
            7. 8.3.6.7.1.7 Sampling Rate: 176.4 kHz to 192 kHz
            8. 8.3.6.7.1.8 Sampling Rate: 352.8 kHz to 384 kHz
            9. 8.3.6.7.1.9 Sampling Rate: 705.6 kHz to 768 kHz
          2. 8.3.6.7.2 Low-Latency Filters
            1. 8.3.6.7.2.1 Sampling Rate: 14.7 kHz to 16 kHz
            2. 8.3.6.7.2.2 Sampling Rate: 22.05 kHz to 24 kHz
            3. 8.3.6.7.2.3 Sampling Rate: 29.4 kHz to 32 kHz
            4. 8.3.6.7.2.4 Sampling Rate: 44.1 kHz to 48 kHz
            5. 8.3.6.7.2.5 Sampling Rate: 88.2 kHz to 96 kHz
            6. 8.3.6.7.2.6 Sampling Rate: 176.4 kHz to 192 kHz
          3. 8.3.6.7.3 Ultra-Low Latency Filters
            1. 8.3.6.7.3.1 Sampling Rate: 14.7 kHz to 16 kHz
            2. 8.3.6.7.3.2 Sampling Rate: 22.05 kHz to 24 kHz
            3. 8.3.6.7.3.3 Sampling Rate: 29.4 kHz to 32 kHz
            4. 8.3.6.7.3.4 Sampling Rate: 44.1 kHz to 48 kHz
            5. 8.3.6.7.3.5 Sampling Rate: 88.2 kHz to 96 kHz
            6. 8.3.6.7.3.6 Sampling Rate: 176.4 kHz to 192 kHz
            7. 8.3.6.7.3.7 Sampling Rate: 352.8 kHz to 384 kHz
      7. 8.3.7  Automatic Gain Controller (AGC)
      8. 8.3.8  Voice Activity Detection (VAD)
      9. 8.3.9  Digital PDM Microphone Record Channel
      10. 8.3.10 Interrupts, Status, and Digital I/O Pin Multiplexing
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Sleep Mode or Software Shutdown
      2. 8.4.2 Active Mode
      3. 8.4.3 Software Reset
    5. 8.5 Programming
      1. 8.5.1 Control Serial Interfaces
        1. 8.5.1.1 I2C Control Interface
          1. 8.5.1.1.1 General I2C Operation
          2. 8.5.1.1.2 I2C Single-Byte and Multiple-Byte Transfers
            1. 8.5.1.1.2.1 I2C Single-Byte Write
            2. 8.5.1.1.2.2 I2C Multiple-Byte Write
            3. 8.5.1.1.2.3 I2C Single-Byte Read
            4. 8.5.1.1.2.4 I2C Multiple-Byte Read
    6. 8.6 Register Maps
      1. 8.6.1 Device Configuration Registers
        1. 8.6.1.1 TLV320ADC3120 Access Codes
      2. 8.6.2 Page 0 Registers
      3. 8.6.3 Page 1 Registers
      4. 8.6.4 Programmable Coefficient Registers
        1. 8.6.4.1 Programmable Coefficient Registers: Page 2
        2. 8.6.4.2 Programmable Coefficient Registers: Page 3
        3. 8.6.4.3 Programmable Coefficient Registers: Page 4
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
    2. 9.2 Typical Applications
      1. 9.2.1 Two-Channel Analog Microphone Recording
        1. 9.2.1.1 Design Requirements
        2. 9.2.1.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 9.2.1.2.1 Example Device Register Configuration Script for EVM Setup
        3. 9.2.1.3 Application Curves
      2. 9.2.2 Four-Channel Digital PDM Microphone Recording
        1. 9.2.2.1 Design Requirements
        2. 9.2.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 9.2.2.2.1 Example Device Register Configuration Script for EVM Setup
    3. 9.3 What to Do and What Not to Do
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Documentation Support
      1. 12.1.1 Related Documentation
    2. 12.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 12.3 Support Resources
    4. 12.4 Trademarks
    5. 12.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 12.6 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Phase-Locked Loop (PLL) and Clock Generation

The device has a smart auto-configuration block to generate all necessary internal clocks required for the ADC modulator and the digital filter engine used for signal processing. This configuration is done by monitoring the frequency of the FSYNC and BCLK signal on the audio bus.

The device supports the various output data sample rates (of the FSYNC signal frequency) and the BCLK to FSYNC ratio to configure all clock dividers, including the PLL configuration, internally without host programming. Table 8-6 and Table 8-7 list the supported FSYNC and BCLK frequencies.

Table 8-6 Supported FSYNC (Multiples or Submultiples of 48 kHz) and BCLK Frequencies
BCLK TO FSYNC RATIO BCLK (MHz)
FSYNC
(8 kHz)
FSYNC
(16 kHz)
FSYNC
(24 kHz)
FSYNC
(32 kHz)
FSYNC
(48 kHz)
FSYNC
(96 kHz)
FSYNC (192 kHz) FSYNC (384 kHz) FSYNC (768 kHz)
16 Reserved 0.256 0.384 0.512 0.768 1.536 3.072 6.144 12.288
24 Reserved 0.384 0.576 0.768 1.152 2.304 4.608 9.216 18.432
32 0.256 0.512 0.768 1.024 1.536 3.072 6.144 12.288 24.576
48 0.384 0.768 1.152 1.536 2.304 4.608 9.216 18.432 Reserved
64 0.512 1.024 1.536 2.048 3.072 6.144 12.288 24.576 Reserved
96 0.768 1.536 2.304 3.072 4.608 9.216 18.432 Reserved Reserved
128 1.024 2.048 3.072 4.096 6.144 12.288 24.576 Reserved Reserved
192 1.536 3.072 4.608 6.144 9.216 18.432 Reserved Reserved Reserved
256 2.048 4.096 6.144 8.192 12.288 24.576 Reserved Reserved Reserved
384 3.072 6.144 9.216 12.288 18.432 Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved
512 4.096 8.192 12.288 16.384 24.576 Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved
1024 8.192 16.384 24.576 Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved
2048 16.384 Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved
Table 8-7 Supported FSYNC (Multiples or Submultiples of 44.1 kHz) and BCLK Frequencies
BCLK TO FSYNC RATIO BCLK (MHz)
FSYNC (7.35 kHz) FSYNC (14.7 kHz) FSYNC (22.05 kHz) FSYNC (29.4 kHz) FSYNC (44.1 kHz) FSYNC (88.2 kHz) FSYNC (176.4 kHz) FSYNC (352.8 kHz) FSYNC (705.6 kHz)
16 Reserved Reserved 0.3528 0.4704 0.7056 1.4112 2.8224 5.6448 11.2896
24 Reserved 0.3528 0.5292 0.7056 1.0584 2.1168 4.2336 8.4672 16.9344
32 Reserved 0.4704 0.7056 0.9408 1.4112 2.8224 5.6448 11.2896 22.5792
48 0.3528 0.7056 1.0584 1.4112 2.1168 4.2336 8.4672 16.9344 Reserved
64 0.4704 0.9408 1.4112 1.8816 2.8224 5.6448 11.2896 22.5792 Reserved
96 0.7056 1.4112 2.1168 2.8224 4.2336 8.4672 16.9344 Reserved Reserved
128 0.9408 1.8816 2.8224 3.7632 5.6448 11.2896 22.5792 Reserved Reserved
192 1.4112 2.8224 4.2336 5.6448 8.4672 16.9344 Reserved Reserved Reserved
256 1.8816 3.7632 5.6448 7.5264 11.2896 22.5792 Reserved Reserved Reserved
384 2.8224 5.6448 8.4672 11.2896 16.9344 Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved
512 3.7632 7.5264 11.2896 15.0528 22.5792 Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved
1024 7.5264 15.0528 22.5792 Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved
2048 15.0528 Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved

The status register ASI_STS (P0_R21), captures the device auto detect result for the FSYNC frequency and the BCLK to FSYNC ratio. If the device finds any unsupported combinations of FSYNC frequency and BCLK to FSYNC ratios, the device generates an ASI clock-error interrupt and mutes the record channels accordingly.

The device uses an integrated, low-jitter, phase-locked loop (PLL) to generate internal clocks required for the ADC modulator and digital filter engine, as well as other control blocks. The device also supports an option to use BCLK, GPIO1, or the GPIx pin (as MCLK) as the audio clock source without using the PLL to reduce power consumption. However, the ADC performance may degrade based on jitter from the external clock source, and some processing features may not be supported if the external audio clock source frequency is not high enough. Therefore, TI recommends using the PLL for high-performance applications. More details and information on how to configure and use the device in low-power mode without using the PLL are discussed in the TLV320ADCx120 Power Consumption Matrix Across Various Usage Scenarios application report.

The device also supports an audio bus master mode operation using the GPIO1 or GPIx pin (as MCLK) as the reference input clock source and supports various flexible options and a wide variety of system clocks. More details and information on master mode configuration and operation are discussed in the Configuring and Operating TLV320ADCx120 as an Audio Bus Master application report.

The audio bus clock error detection and auto-detect feature automatically generates all internal clocks, but can be disabled using the ASI_ERR (P0_R9_D5) and AUTO_CLK_CFG (P0_R19_D6) register bits, respectively. In the system, this disable feature can be used to support custom clock frequencies that are not covered by the auto detect scheme. For such application use cases, care must be taken to ensure that the multiple clock dividers are all configured appropriately. Therefore, TI recommends using the PPC3 GUI for device configuration settings; for more details see the ADCx120EVM-PDK Evaluation module user's guide and the PurePath™ console graphical development suite.