SBASA91 December   2020 TLV320ADC3120

ADVANCE INFORMATION  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Device Comparison Table
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1  Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2  ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3  Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4  Thermal Information
    5. 7.5  Electrical Characteristics
    6. 7.6  Timing Requirements: I2C Interface
    7. 7.7  Switching Characteristics: I2C Interface
    8. 7.8  Timing Requirements: TDM, I2S or LJ Interface
    9. 7.9  Switching Characteristics: TDM, I2S or LJ Interface
    10. 7.10 Timing Requirements: PDM Digital Microphone Interface
    11. 7.11 Switching Characteristics: PDM Digial Microphone Interface
    12. 7.12 Timing Diagrams
    13. 7.13 Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1 Serial Interfaces
        1. 8.3.1.1 Control Serial Interfaces
        2. 8.3.1.2 Audio Serial Interfaces
          1. 8.3.1.2.1 Time Division Multiplexed Audio (TDM) Interface
          2. 8.3.1.2.2 Inter IC Sound (I2S) Interface
          3. 8.3.1.2.3 Left-Justified (LJ) Interface
        3. 8.3.1.3 Using Multiple Devices With Shared Buses
      2. 8.3.2 Phase-Locked Loop (PLL) and Clock Generation
      3. 8.3.3 Input Channel Configurations
      4. 8.3.4 Reference Voltage
      5. 8.3.5 Programmable Microphone Bias
      6. 8.3.6 Signal-Chain Processing
        1. 8.3.6.1 Programmable Channel Gain and Digital Volume Control
        2. 8.3.6.2 Programmable Channel Gain Calibration
        3. 8.3.6.3 Programmable Channel Phase Calibration
        4. 8.3.6.4 Programmable Digital High-Pass Filter
        5. 8.3.6.5 Programmable Digital Biquad Filters
        6. 8.3.6.6 Programmable Channel Summer and Digital Mixer
        7. 8.3.6.7 Configurable Digital Decimation Filters
          1. 8.3.6.7.1 Linear Phase Filters
            1. 8.3.6.7.1.1 Sampling Rate: 8 kHz or 7.35 kHz
            2. 8.3.6.7.1.2 Sampling Rate: 16 kHz or 14.7 kHz
            3. 8.3.6.7.1.3 Sampling Rate: 24 kHz or 22.05 kHz
            4. 8.3.6.7.1.4 Sampling Rate: 32 kHz or 29.4 kHz
            5. 8.3.6.7.1.5 Sampling Rate: 48 kHz or 44.1 kHz
            6. 8.3.6.7.1.6 Sampling Rate: 96 kHz or 88.2 kHz
            7. 8.3.6.7.1.7 Sampling Rate: 192 kHz or 176.4 kHz
            8. 8.3.6.7.1.8 Sampling Rate: 384 kHz or 352.8 kHz
            9. 8.3.6.7.1.9 Sampling Rate 768 kHz or 705.6 kHz
          2. 8.3.6.7.2 Low-Latency Filters
            1. 8.3.6.7.2.1 Sampling Rate: 16 kHz or 14.7 kHz
            2. 8.3.6.7.2.2 Sampling Rate: 24 kHz or 22.05 kHz
            3. 8.3.6.7.2.3 Sampling Rate: 32 kHz or 29.4 kHz
            4. 8.3.6.7.2.4 Sampling Rate: 48 kHz or 44.1 kHz
            5. 8.3.6.7.2.5 Sampling Rate: 96 kHz or 88.2 kHz
            6. 8.3.6.7.2.6 Sampling Rate 192 kHz or 176.4 kHz
          3. 8.3.6.7.3 Ultra-Low Latency Filters
            1. 8.3.6.7.3.1 Sampling Rate: 16 kHz or 14.7 kHz
            2. 8.3.6.7.3.2 Sampling Rate: 24 kHz or 22.05 kHz
            3. 8.3.6.7.3.3 Sampling Rate: 32 kHz or 29.4 kHz
            4. 8.3.6.7.3.4 Sampling Rate: 48 kHz or 44.1 kHz
            5. 8.3.6.7.3.5 Sampling Rate: 96 kHz or 88.2 kHz
            6. 8.3.6.7.3.6 Sampling Rate 192 kHz or 176.4 kHz
            7. 8.3.6.7.3.7 Sampling Rate 384 kHz or 352.8 kHz
      7. 8.3.7 Automatic Gain Controller (AGC)
      8. 8.3.8 Digital PDM Microphone Record Channel
      9. 8.3.9 Interrupts, Status, and Digital I/O Pin Multiplexing
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Sleep Mode or Software Shutdown
      2. 8.4.2 Active Mode
      3. 8.4.3 Software Reset
    5. 8.5 Programming
      1. 8.5.1 Control Serial Interfaces
        1. 8.5.1.1 I2C Control Interface
          1. 8.5.1.1.1 General I2C Operation
          2. 8.5.1.1.2 I2C Single-Byte and Multiple-Byte Transfers
            1. 8.5.1.1.2.1 I2C Single-Byte Write
            2. 8.5.1.1.2.2 I2C Multiple-Byte Write
            3. 8.5.1.1.2.3 I2C Single-Byte Read
            4. 8.5.1.1.2.4 I2C Multiple-Byte Read
    6. 8.6 Register Maps
      1. 8.6.1 Device Configuration Registers
        1. 8.6.1.1 TLV320ADC3120 Access Codes
      2. 8.6.2 Page 0 Registers
      3. 8.6.3 Page 1 Registers
      4. 8.6.4 Programmable Coefficient Registers
        1. 8.6.4.1 Programmable Coefficient Registers: Page 2
        2. 8.6.4.2 Programmable Coefficient Registers: Page 3
        3. 8.6.4.3 Programmable Coefficient Registers: Page 4
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
    2. 9.2 Typical Applications
      1. 9.2.1 Two-Channel Analog Microphone Recording
        1. 9.2.1.1 Design Requirements
        2. 9.2.1.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 9.2.1.2.1 Example Device Register Configuration Script for EVM Setup
        3. 9.2.1.3 Application Curves
      2. 9.2.2 Four-Channel Digital PDM Microphone Recording
        1. 9.2.2.1 Design Requirements
        2. 9.2.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 9.2.2.2.1 Example Device Register Configuration Script for EVM Setup
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Documentation Support
    2. 12.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 12.3 Support Resources
    4. 12.4 Trademarks
    5. 12.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 12.6 Glossary

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Digital PDM Microphone Record Channel

In addition to supporting analog microphones, the device also interfaces to digital pulse-density-modulation (PDM) microphones and uses high-order and high-performance decimation filters to generate pulse code modulation (PCM) output data that can be transmitted on the audio serial interface to the host. The device supports up to four digital microphone recording channels. If second channel analog microphone is not used in the system, then the analog input pins (IN2P and IN2M) can be repurposed as the GPI1 and GPO1 pins respectively and can be configured for the PDMDIN1 and PDMCLK clocks for digital PDM microphone recording. GPIO1 or GPI2(Multiplexed with MICBIAS) can be used as PDMDIN2 to enable four-channel PDM microphone recording. If two-channel analog input recording is needed, MICBIAS (configured as GPI2) and GPIO1 can be used as PDMDIN and PDMCLK, respectively, to enable two-channel DMIC recording along with two-channel AIN recording. The device can support a total of four channels at the input (analog and digital).

The device internally generates PCMCLK with a programmable frequency of either 6.144 MHz, 3.072 MHz, 1.536 MHz, or 768 kHz (for output data sample rates in multiples or submultiples of 48 kHz) or 5.6448 MHz, 2.8224 MHz, 1.4112 MHz, or 705.6 kHz (for output data sample rates in multiples or submultiples of 44.1 kHz) using the PDMCLK_DIV[1:0], P0_R31_D[1:0] register bits. PDMCLK can be routed on the GPO1/GPIO1 pin. This clock can be connected to the external digital microphone device. Figure 8-64 shows a connection diagram of the digital PDM microphones.

GUID-20201117-CA0I-NMMJ-LZ6G-3KSFQPMMJKWB-low.gif Figure 8-64 Digital PDM Microphones Connection Diagram to the TLV320ADC3120

The single-bit output of the external digital microphone device can be connected to the GPIx pin. This single data line can be shared by two digital microphones to place their data on the opposite edge of PDMCLK. Internally, the device latches the steady value of the data on the rising edge of PDMCLK or the falling edge of PDMCLK based on the configuration register bits set in P0_R32_D[7:4]. Figure 8-65 shows the digital PDM microphone interface timing diagram.

GUID-DD505051-8067-425E-9213-BA287C83AD40-low.gifFigure 8-65 Digital PDM Microphone Protocol Timing Diagram

When the digital microphone is used for recording, the analog blocks of the respective ADC channel are powered down and bypassed for power efficiency. Use the CH1_INSRC[1:0] (P0_R60_D[6:5]), CH2_INSRC[1:0] (P0_R65_D[6:5]), CH3_INSRC[1:0] (P0_R70_D[6:5]), and CH4_INSRC[1:0] (P0_R75_D[6:5]) register bits to select the analog microphone or digital microphone for channel 1 to channel 4.