SLAS510G March   2007  – February 2021 TLV320AIC3104


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Description (Continued)
  6. Device Comparison Table
  7. Pin Configuration and Functions
  8. Specifications
    1. 8.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 8.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 8.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 8.4 Thermal Information
    5. 8.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 8.6 Audio Data Serial Interface Timing Requirements
    7. 8.7 Timing Diagrams
    8. 8.8 Typical Characteristics
  9. Parameter Measurement Information
  10. 10Detailed Description
    1. 10.1 Overview
    2. 10.2 Functional Block Diagrams
    3. 10.3 Feature Description
      1. 10.3.1  Hardware Reset
      2. 10.3.2  Digital Audio Data Serial Interface
        1. Right-Justified Mode
        2. Left-Justified Mode
        3. I2S Mode
        4. DSP Mode
        5. TDM Data Transfer
      3. 10.3.3  Audio Data Converters
        1. Audio Clock Generation
        2. Stereo Audio ADC
          1. Stereo Audio ADC High-Pass Filter
          2. Automatic Gain Control (AGC)
            1. Target Level
            2. Attack Time
            3. Decay Time
            4. Noise Gate Threshold
            5. Maximum PGA Gain Applicable
      4. 10.3.4  Stereo Audio DAC
        1. Digital Audio Processing for Playback
        2. Digital Interpolation Filter
        3. Delta-Sigma Audio DAC
        4. Audio DAC Digital Volume Control
        5. Increasing DAC Dynamic Range
        6. Analog Output Common-Mode Adjustment
        7. Audio DAC Power Control
      5. 10.3.5  Audio Analog Inputs
      6. 10.3.6  Analog Fully Differential Line Output Drivers
      7. 10.3.7  Analog High-Power Output Drivers
      8. 10.3.8  Input Impedance and VCM Control
      9. 10.3.9  MICBIAS Generation
      10. 10.3.10 Short-Circuit Output Protection
      11. 10.3.11 Jack and Headset Detection
    4. 10.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 10.4.1 Bypass Path Mode
        1. ADC PGA Signal Bypass Path Functionality
        2. Passive Analog Bypass During Power Down
      2. 10.4.2 Digital Audio Processing for Record Path
    5. 10.5 Programming
      1. 10.5.1 I2C Control Interface
        1. I2C Bus Debug in a Glitched System
      2. 10.5.2 Register Map Structure
    6. 10.6 Register Maps
      1. 10.6.1 Output Stage Volume Controls
  11. 11Application and Implementation
    1. 11.1 Application Information
    2. 11.2 Typical Applications
      1. 11.2.1 Typical Connections With Headphone and External Speaker Driver in Portable Application
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
        3. Application Curves
      2. 11.2.2 Typical Connections for AC-Coupled Headphone Output With Separate Line Outputs and External Speaker Amplifier
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
        3. Application Curves
  12. 12Power Supply Recommendations
  13. 13Layout
    1. 13.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 13.2 Layout Example
  14. 14Device and Documentation Support
    1. 14.1 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    2. 14.2 Support Resources
    3. 14.3 Trademarks
    4. 14.4 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    5. 14.5 Glossary

Package Options

Refer to the PDF data sheet for device specific package drawings

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
  • RHB|32
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

I2C Control Interface

The TLV320AIC3104 supports the I2C control protocol using 7-bit addressing and is capable of both standard and fast modes. For I2C fast mode, note that the minimum timing for each of tHD-STA, tSU-STA, and tSU-STO is 0.9 μs, as illustrated in Figure 10-23. The TLV320AIC3104 responds to the I2C address of 001 1000. I2C is a two-wire, open-drain interface supporting multiple devices and masters on a single bus. Devices on the I2C bus only drive the bus lines LOW by connecting them to ground; they never drive the bus lines HIGH. Instead, the bus wires are pulled HIGH by pullup resistors, so the bus wires are HIGH when no device is driving them LOW. This way, two devices cannot conflict; if two devices drive the bus simultaneously, there is no driver contention.

GUID-07F2DEA4-D098-420C-ACEF-4245D741E13E-low.gifFigure 10-23 I2C Interface Timing

Communication on the I2C bus always takes place between two devices, one acting as the master and the other acting as the slave. Both masters and slaves can read and write, but slaves can only do so under the direction of the master. Some I2C devices can act as masters or slaves, but the TLV320AIC3104 can only act as a slave device.

An I2C bus consists of two lines, SDA and SCL. SDA carries data; SCL provides the clock. All data is transmitted across the I2C bus in groups of eight bits. To send a bit on the I2C bus, the SDA line is driven to the appropriate level while SCL is LOW (a LOW on SDA indicates the bit is zero; a HIGH indicates the bit is one). Once the SDA line has settled, the SCL line is brought HIGH, then LOW. This pulse on SCL clocks the SDA bit into the receiver shift register.

The I2C bus is bidirectional: the SDA line is used both for transmitting and receiving data. When a master reads from a slave, the slave drives the data line; when a master sends to a slave, the master drives the data line. Under normal circumstances the master drives the clock line.

Most of the time the bus is idle, no communication is taking place, and both lines are HIGH. When communication is taking place, the bus is active. Only master devices can start a communication. They do this by causing a START condition on the bus. Normally, the data line is only allowed to change state while the clock line is LOW. If the data line changes state while the clock line is HIGH, it is either a START condition or its counterpart, a STOP condition. A START condition is when the clock line is HIGH and the data line goes from HIGH to LOW. A STOP condition is when the clock line is HIGH and the data line goes from LOW to HIGH.

After the master issues a START condition, it sends a byte that indicates which slave device it wants to communicate with. This byte is called the address byte. Each device on an I2C bus has a unique 7-bit address to which it responds. (Slaves can also have 10-bit addresses; see the I2C specification for details.) The master sends an address in the address byte, together with a bit that indicates whether it wishes to read from or write to the slave device.

Every byte transmitted on the I2C bus, whether it is address or data, is acknowledged with an acknowledge bit. When a master has finished sending a byte (eight data bits) to a slave, it stops driving SDA and waits for the slave to acknowledge the byte. The slave acknowledges the byte by pulling SDA LOW. The master then sends a clock pulse to clock the acknowledge bit. Similarly, when a master has finished reading a byte, it pulls SDA LOW to acknowledge this to the slave. It then sends a clock pulse to clock the bit.

A not-acknowledge is performed by simply leaving SDA HIGH during an acknowledge cycle. If a device is not present on the bus, and the master attempts to address it, it receives a not-acknowledge because no device is present at that address to pull the line LOW.

When a master has finished communicating with a slave, it may issue a STOP condition. When a STOP condition is issued, the bus becomes idle again. A master may also issue another START condition. When a START condition is issued while the bus is active, it is called a repeated START condition.

The TLV320AIC3104 also responds to and acknowledges a general call, which consists of the master issuing a command with a slave-address byte of 00h.

GUID-ED7C1A59-1FB6-45BF-BAE0-0EF25FCA08D6-low.gifFigure 10-24 I2C Write
GUID-7C744290-6FAB-4703-9332-3C07A7F7724A-low.gifFigure 10-25 I2C Read

In the case of an I2C register write, if the master does not issue a STOP condition, then the device enters auto-increment mode. So in the next eight clocks, the data on SDA is treated as data for the next incremental register.

Similarly, in the case of an I2C register read, after the device has sent out the 8-bit data from the addressed register, if the master issues an acknowledge, the slave takes over control of the SDA bus and transmits for the next 8 clocks the data of the next incremental register.