SLVS139X July   1996  – May 2018 TLV431 , TLV431A , TLV431B

PRODUCTION DATA.  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
    1.     Simplified Schematic
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics for TLV431
    6. 6.6 Electrical Characteristics for TLV431A
    7. 6.7 Electrical Characteristics for TLV431B
    8. 6.8 Typical Characteristics
  7. Parameter Measurement Information
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Open Loop (Comparator)
      2. 8.4.2 Closed Loop
  9. Applications and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
    2. 9.2 Typical Applications
      1. 9.2.1 Comparator With Integrated Reference (Open Loop)
        1. 9.2.1.1 Design Requirements
        2. 9.2.1.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 9.2.1.2.1 Basic Operation
          2. 9.2.1.2.2 Overdrive
          3. 9.2.1.2.3 Output Voltage and Logic Input Level
            1. 9.2.1.2.3.1 Input Resistance
        3. 9.2.1.3 Application Curves
      2. 9.2.2 Shunt Regulator/Reference
        1. 9.2.2.1 Design Requirements
        2. 9.2.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 9.2.2.2.1 Programming Output/Cathode Voltage
          2. 9.2.2.2.2 Total Accuracy
          3. 9.2.2.2.3 Stability
        3. 9.2.2.3 Application Curve
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Documentation Support
      1. 12.1.1 Related Documentation
    2. 12.2 Related Links
    3. 12.3 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    4. 12.4 Community Resources
    5. 12.5 Trademarks
    6. 12.6 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    7. 12.7 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Refer to the PDF data sheet for device specific package drawings

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
  • D|8
  • DBZ|3
  • DBV|5
  • PK|3
  • LP|3
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Feature Description

TLV431 consists of an internal reference and amplifier that outputs a sink current base on the difference between the reference pin and the virtual internal pin. The sink current is produced by an internal darlington pair.

When operated with enough voltage headroom (≥ 1.24 V) and cathode current (Ika), TLV431 forces the reference pin to 1.24 V. However, the reference pin can not be left floating, as it requires Iref ≥ 0.5 µA (see the Functional Block Diagram). This is because the reference pin is driven into an npn, which requires a base current to operate properly.

When feedback is applied from the Cathode and Reference pins, TLV431 behaves as a Zener diode, regulating to a constant voltage dependent on current being supplied into the cathode. This is due to the internal amplifier and reference entering the proper operating regions. The same amount of current required in the above feedback situation must be applied to this device in open-loop, servo, or error-amplifying implementations for it to be in the proper linear region giving TLV431 enough gain.

Unlike many linear regulators, TLV431 is internally compensated to be stable without an output capacitor between the cathode and anode. However, if it is desired to use an output capacitor Figure 18 can be used as a guide to assist in choosing the correct capacitor to maintain stability.