Generally, 1.0-µF X5R- and X7R-type ceramic capacitors are recommended because these capacitors have minimal variation in value and equivalent series resistance (ESR) over temperature.
However, the TLV707 is designed to be stable with an effective capacitance of 0.1 µF or larger at the output. Thus, the device is stable with capacitors of other dielectric types as well, as long as the effective capacitance under operating bias voltage and temperature is greater than 0.1 µF. This effective capacitance refers to the capacitance that the LDO detects under operating bias voltage and temperature conditions; that is, the capacitance after taking both bias voltage and temperature derating into consideration. In addition to allowing the use of less expensive dielectrics, this capability of being stable with 0.1-µF effective capacitance also enables the use of smaller footprint capacitors that have higher derating in size- and space-constrained applications.
Using a 0.1-µF rated capacitor at the output of the LDO does not ensure stability because the effective capacitance under the specified operating conditions is less than 0.1 µF. Maximum ESR must be less than
Although an input capacitor is not required for stability, good analog design practice is to connect a 0.1-μF to
1.0-μF, low ESR capacitor across the IN pin and GND pin of the regulator. This capacitor counteracts reactive input sources and improves transient response, noise rejection, and ripple rejection. A higher-value capacitor may be necessary if large, fast rise-time load transients are anticipated, or if the device is not located close to the power source. If source impedance is more than 2-Ω, a 0.1-μF input capacitor may be necessary to ensure stability.