SLVSEE0D February   2018  – September 2021 TPS1H200A-Q1


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Switching Characteristics
    7. 6.7 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Current limit
      2. 7.3.2 DELAY Pin Configuration
        1. Holding Mode
        2. Latch-Off Mode
        3. Auto-Retry Mode
      3. 7.3.3 Stand-alone Operation
      4. 7.3.4 Fault Truth Table
      5. 7.3.5 Full Diagnostics
        1. Short-to-GND and Overload Detection
        2. Open-Load Detection
          1. Output On
          2. Output Off
        3. Short-to-Battery Detection
        4. Thermal Fault Detection
          1. Thermal Shutdown
          2. Thermal Swing
          3. Fault Report Holding
      6. 7.3.6 Full Protections
        1. UVLO Protection
        2. Inductive Load Switching Off Clamp
        3. Loss-of-GND Protection
        4. Loss-of-Power-Supply Protection
        5. Reverse-Current Protection
        6. MCU I/O Protection
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Working Modes
        1. Normal Mode
        2. Standby Mode
        3. Standby Mode With Diagnostics
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Application
      1. 8.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
      3. 8.2.3 Application Curves
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Documentation Support
      1. 11.1.1 Related Documentation
    2. 11.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 11.3 Support Resources
    4. 11.4 Trademarks
    5. 11.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 11.6 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Current limit

A high-accuracy current limit allows high reliability of the design. The current limit protects the load and the power supply from overstressing during short-circuit-to-GND or power-up conditions. The current limit can also save system cost by reducing the size of PCB traces and connectors, and the capacity of the preceding power stage.

When a current limit threshold is hit, a closed loop immediately activates. The output current is clamped at the set value, and a fault is reported. The device heats up because of high power dissipation on the power FET.

The device has two current limit thresholds.

  • Internal current limit: The internal current limit is fixed at ICL(int). Tie the CL pin directly to the device GND for large-transient-current applications.

  • External adjustable current limit: An external resistor is used to set the current limit threshold. Use Equation 1 to calculate R(CL). The external adjustable current limit allows the flexibility to set the current limit value by application.

Equation 1. GUID-6B6D904F-D781-4336-943A-BEA2100A7100-low.gif


  • VCL(th) is the internal band-gap voltage.
  • K(CL) is the ratio of the output current and the current limit set value.
  • K(CL) is constant across temperature and supply voltage.

When a GND network is used, that causes a level shift between the device GND and board GND, so the CL pin must be connected to the device GND.

For better protection from a hard short-to-GND condition (when the IN pin is enabled, a short-to-GND occurs suddenly), the device will implement a fast-trip protection to turn off the output before the current limit closed loop is set up. Typically, the fast-trip response time is less than 1 µs. With a fast response like this, the device can achieve a better inrush current-suppression performance.

GUID-A1620C93-0509-4C84-BC18-32FBAB5B5C5A-low.gifFigure 7-1 Current Limit