SLVSE17A May   2019  – April 2020 TPS1HB16-Q1

PRODUCTION DATA.  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
    1.     Simplified Schematic
  4. Revision History
  5. Device Comparison Table
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions
    2. 6.1 Recommended Connections for Unused Pins
  7. Specifications
    1. Table 3. Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. Table 4. ESD Ratings
    3. Table 5. Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. Table 6. Thermal Information
    5. Table 7. Electrical Characteristics
    6. Table 8. SNS Timing Characteristics
    7. Table 9. Switching Characteristics
    8. 7.1      Typical Characteristics
  8. Parameter Measurement Information
  9. Detailed Description
    1. 9.1 Overview
    2. 9.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 9.3 Feature Description
      1. 9.3.1 Protection Mechanisms
        1. 9.3.1.1 Thermal Shutdown
        2. 9.3.1.2 Current Limit
          1. 9.3.1.2.1 Current Limit Foldback
          2. 9.3.1.2.2 Programmable Current Limit
          3. 9.3.1.2.3 Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO)
          4. 9.3.1.2.4 VBB During Short-to-Ground
        3. 9.3.1.3 Voltage Transients
          1. 9.3.1.3.1 Load Dump
          2. 9.3.1.3.2 Driving Inductive Loads
        4. 9.3.1.4 Reverse Battery
        5. 9.3.1.5 Fault Event – Timing Diagrams
      2. 9.3.2 Diagnostic Mechanisms
        1. 9.3.2.1 VOUT Short-to-Battery and Open-Load
          1. 9.3.2.1.1 Detection With Switch Enabled
          2. 9.3.2.1.2 Detection With Switch Disabled
        2. 9.3.2.2 SNS Output
          1. 9.3.2.2.1 RSNS Value
            1. 9.3.2.2.1.1 High Accuracy Load Current Sense
            2. 9.3.2.2.1.2 SNS Output Filter
        3. 9.3.2.3 Fault Indication and SNS Mux
        4. 9.3.2.4 Resistor Sharing
        5. 9.3.2.5 High-Frequency, Low Duty-Cycle Current Sensing
    4. 9.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 9.4.1 Off
      2. 9.4.2 Standby
      3. 9.4.3 Diagnostic
      4. 9.4.4 Standby Delay
      5. 9.4.5 Active
      6. 9.4.6 Fault
  10. 10Application and Implementation
    1. 10.1 Application Information
      1. 10.1.1 Ground Protection Network
      2. 10.1.2 Interface With Microcontroller
      3. 10.1.3 I/O Protection
      4. 10.1.4 Inverse Current
      5. 10.1.5 Loss of GND
      6. 10.1.6 Automotive Standards
        1. 10.1.6.1 ISO7637-2
        2. 10.1.6.2 AEC-Q100-012 Short Circuit Reliability
      7. 10.1.7 Thermal Information
    2. 10.2 Typical Application
      1. 10.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 10.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. 10.2.2.1 Thermal Considerations
        2. 10.2.2.2 RILIM Calculation
        3. 10.2.2.3 Diagnostics
          1. 10.2.2.3.1 Selecting the RISNS Value
    3. 10.3 Typical Application
      1. 10.3.1 Design Requirements
      2. 10.3.2 Detailed Design Procedure
      3. 10.3.3 Application Curves
      4. 10.3.4 Detailed Design Procedure
      5. 10.3.5 Application Curves
  11. 11Power Supply Recommendations
  12. 12Layout
    1. 12.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 12.2 Layout Example
  13. 13Device and Documentation Support
    1. 13.1 Documentation Support
      1. 13.1.1 Related Documentation
    2. 13.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 13.3 Support Resources
    4. 13.4 Trademarks
    5. 13.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 13.6 Glossary
  14. 14Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Selecting the RISNS Value

Table 17 shows the requirements for the load current sense in this application. The KSNS value is specified for the device and can be found in the Specifications section.

Table 17. RSNS Calculation Parameters

PARAMETER EXAMPLE VALUE
Current Sense Ratio (KSNS) 3000
Largest diagnosable load current 12 A
Smallest diagnosable load current 60 mA
Full-scale ADC voltage 5 V
ADC resolution 10 bit

The load current measurement requirements of 12 A ensures that even in the event of a overcurrent surpassing the set current limit, the MCU can register and react by shutting down the TPS1HB16-Q1, while the low level of 60 mA allows for accurate measurement of low load currents.

The RSNS resistor value should be selected such that the largest diagnosable load current puts VSNS at about 95% of the ADC full-scale. With this design, any ADC value above 95% can be considered a fault. Additionally, the RSNS resistor value should ensure that the smallest diagnosable load current does not cause VSNS to fall below 1 LSB of the ADC. With the given example values, a 1.2-kΩ sense resistor satisfies both requirements shown in Table 18.

Table 18. VSNS Calculation

LOAD (A) SENSE RATIO ISNS (mA) RSNS (Ω) VSNS (V) % of 5-V ADC
0.06 3000 0.02 1200 0.024 0.5%
12 3000 4 1200 4.800 96.0%