SLVSE17A May   2019  – April 2020 TPS1HB16-Q1

PRODUCTION DATA.  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
    1.     Simplified Schematic
  4. Revision History
  5. Device Comparison Table
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions
    2. 6.1 Recommended Connections for Unused Pins
  7. Specifications
    1. Table 3. Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. Table 4. ESD Ratings
    3. Table 5. Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. Table 6. Thermal Information
    5. Table 7. Electrical Characteristics
    6. Table 8. SNS Timing Characteristics
    7. Table 9. Switching Characteristics
    8. 7.1      Typical Characteristics
  8. Parameter Measurement Information
  9. Detailed Description
    1. 9.1 Overview
    2. 9.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 9.3 Feature Description
      1. 9.3.1 Protection Mechanisms
        1. 9.3.1.1 Thermal Shutdown
        2. 9.3.1.2 Current Limit
          1. 9.3.1.2.1 Current Limit Foldback
          2. 9.3.1.2.2 Programmable Current Limit
          3. 9.3.1.2.3 Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO)
          4. 9.3.1.2.4 VBB During Short-to-Ground
        3. 9.3.1.3 Voltage Transients
          1. 9.3.1.3.1 Load Dump
          2. 9.3.1.3.2 Driving Inductive Loads
        4. 9.3.1.4 Reverse Battery
        5. 9.3.1.5 Fault Event – Timing Diagrams
      2. 9.3.2 Diagnostic Mechanisms
        1. 9.3.2.1 VOUT Short-to-Battery and Open-Load
          1. 9.3.2.1.1 Detection With Switch Enabled
          2. 9.3.2.1.2 Detection With Switch Disabled
        2. 9.3.2.2 SNS Output
          1. 9.3.2.2.1 RSNS Value
            1. 9.3.2.2.1.1 High Accuracy Load Current Sense
            2. 9.3.2.2.1.2 SNS Output Filter
        3. 9.3.2.3 Fault Indication and SNS Mux
        4. 9.3.2.4 Resistor Sharing
        5. 9.3.2.5 High-Frequency, Low Duty-Cycle Current Sensing
    4. 9.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 9.4.1 Off
      2. 9.4.2 Standby
      3. 9.4.3 Diagnostic
      4. 9.4.4 Standby Delay
      5. 9.4.5 Active
      6. 9.4.6 Fault
  10. 10Application and Implementation
    1. 10.1 Application Information
      1. 10.1.1 Ground Protection Network
      2. 10.1.2 Interface With Microcontroller
      3. 10.1.3 I/O Protection
      4. 10.1.4 Inverse Current
      5. 10.1.5 Loss of GND
      6. 10.1.6 Automotive Standards
        1. 10.1.6.1 ISO7637-2
        2. 10.1.6.2 AEC-Q100-012 Short Circuit Reliability
      7. 10.1.7 Thermal Information
    2. 10.2 Typical Application
      1. 10.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 10.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. 10.2.2.1 Thermal Considerations
        2. 10.2.2.2 RILIM Calculation
        3. 10.2.2.3 Diagnostics
          1. 10.2.2.3.1 Selecting the RISNS Value
    3. 10.3 Typical Application
      1. 10.3.1 Design Requirements
      2. 10.3.2 Detailed Design Procedure
      3. 10.3.3 Application Curves
      4. 10.3.4 Detailed Design Procedure
      5. 10.3.5 Application Curves
  11. 11Power Supply Recommendations
  12. 12Layout
    1. 12.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 12.2 Layout Example
  13. 13Device and Documentation Support
    1. 13.1 Documentation Support
      1. 13.1.1 Related Documentation
    2. 13.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 13.3 Support Resources
    4. 13.4 Trademarks
    5. 13.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 13.6 Glossary
  14. 14Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Thermal Considerations

The 80 W heater load will cause a DC current in the channel under maximum load power condition of around 5.9 A. Therefore, this current at 13.5 V will assume worst case heating.

Power dissipation in the switch is calculated in Equation 4. RON is assumed to be 32 mΩ because this is the maximum specification at high temperature. In practice, RON will almost always be lower.

Equation 4. PFET = I2 × RON
Equation 5. PFET = (5.9 A)2 × 32 mΩ = 1.11 W

This means that the maximum FET power dissipation is 1.11 W. The junction temperature of the device can be calculated using Equation 6 and the RθJA value from the Specifications section.

Equation 6. TJ = TA + RθJA × PFET
TJ = 70°C + 34.3°C/W × 1.11 W = 108.1°C

The maximum junction temperature rating for the TPS1HB16-Q1 is TJ = 150°C. Based on the above example calculation, the device temperature will stay below the maximum rating even at this high level of current.