SLUSAU4B DECEMBER 2011 – February 2019 TPS53219A
The TPS53219A does not have a dedicated oscillator that determines switching frequency. However, the device operates with pseudo-constant frequency by feed-forwarding the input and output voltages into the ON-time one-shot timer. The adaptive ON-time control adjusts the ON-time to be inversely proportional to the input voltage and proportional to the output voltage (tON ∝ VOUT/VIN).
This makes the switching frequency fairly constant in steady-state conditions over a wide input voltage range. The switching frequency is selectable from eight preset values by a resistor connected between the RF pin and GND or between the RF pin and the VREG pin as shown in Table 2. Leaving the resistance open sets the switching frequency to 500 kHz.
|RESISTOR (RRF) CONNECTIONS||SWITCHING
|0 Ω to GND||250|
|187 kΩ to GND||300|
|619 kΩ to GND||400|
|866 kΩ to VREG||650|
|309 kΩ to VREG||750|
|124 kΩ to VREG||850|
|0 Ω to VREG||970|
The OFF-time is modulated by a PWM comparator. The VFB node voltage (the mid-point of resistor divider) is compared to the internal 0.6-V reference voltage added with a ramp signal. When both signals match, the PWM comparator asserts a set signal to terminate the OFF-time (turn off the low-side MOSFET and turn on high-side MOSFET). The set signal is valid if the inductor current level is below the OCP threshold, otherwise the off time is extended until the current level falls below the threshold.