SLVSCW4B April 2016 – May 2019 TPS560200-Q1
The output overcurrent protection (OCP) is implemented using a cycle-by-cycle valley detect control circuit. The switch current is monitored by measuring the low-side FET switch voltage between the PH pin and GND. This voltage is proportional to the switch current. To improve accuracy, the voltage sensing is temperature compensated.
During the on-time of the high-side FET switch, the switch current increases at a linear rate determined by VIN, VOUT, the on-time and the output inductor value. During the on time of the low-side FET switch, this current decreases linearly. The average value of the switch current is the load current Iout. The TPS560200-Q1 constantly monitors the low-side FET switch voltage, which is proportional to the switch current, during the low-side on-time. If the measured voltage is above the voltage proportional to the current limit, an internal counter is incremented per each switching cycle and the converter maintains the low-side switch on until the measured voltage is below the voltage corresponding to the current limit at which time the switching cycle is terminated and a new switching cycle begins. In subsequent switching cycles, the on-time is set to a fixed value and the current is monitored in the same manner.
There are some important considerations for this type of overcurrent protection. The peak current is the average load current plus one half of the peak-to-peak inductor current. The valley current is the average load current minus one half of the peak-to-peak inductor current. Because the valley current is used to detect the overcurrent threshold, the load current is higher than the overcurrent threshold. Also, when the current is being limited, the output voltage tends to fall as the demanded load current may be higher than the current available from the converter. This protection is nonlatching. When the VSENSE voltage becomes lower than 63% of the target voltage, the UVP comparator detects it. After 7 µs detecting the UVP voltage, device shuts down and re-starts after hiccup time.
When the overcurrent condition is removed, the output voltage returns to the regulated value.