SLVSAH5E December 2010 – May 2019 TPS57114-Q1
Figure 31 is a simple small-signal model that one can use to understand how to design the frequency compensation. An approximation of a voltage-controlled current source (duty-cycle modulator) supplying current to the output capacitor and load resistor can approximate the TPS57114-Q1 power stage. The control-to-output transfer function, shown in Equation 10, consists of a dc gain, one dominant pole, and one ESR zero. The quotient of the change in switch current divided by the change in COMP pin voltage (node c in Figure 31) is the power-stage transconductance. The gm for the TPS57114-Q1 device is 25 S. The low-frequency gain of the power-stage frequency response is the product of the transconductance and the load resistance, as shown in Equation 11. As the load current increases and decreases, the low-frequency gain decreases and increases, respectively. This variation with load may seem problematic at first glance, but the dominant pole moves with load current (see Equation 12). The dashed line in the right half of Figure 32 highlights the combined effect. As the load current decreases, the gain increases and the pole frequency lowers, keeping the 0-dB crossover frequency the same for the varying load conditions, which makes it easier to design the frequency compensation.