SLVSFM1 March   2021 TPS62902

PRODUCTION DATA  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Mode Selection and Device Configuration MODE/S-CONF
      2. 7.3.2 Adjustable VO Operation (External Voltage Divider)
      3. 7.3.3 Setable VO Operation (VSET and Internal Voltage Divider)
      4. 7.3.4 Soft Start / Tracking (SS/TR)
      5. 7.3.5 Smart Enable with Precise Threshold
      6. 7.3.6 Power Good (PG)
      7. 7.3.7 Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO)
      8. 7.3.8 Current Limit And Short Circuit Protection
      9. 7.3.9 Thermal Shutdown
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) Operation
      2. 7.4.2 AEE (Automatic Efficiency Enhancement)
      3. 7.4.3 Power Save Mode Operation (Auto PFM/PWM)
      4. 7.4.4 100% Duty-Cycle Operation
      5. 7.4.5 Output Discharge Function
      6. 7.4.6 Starting into a Pre-Biased Load
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Application with Adjustable Output Voltage
      1. 8.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. 8.2.2.1 Custom Design With WEBENCH® Tools
        2. 8.2.2.2 Programming the Output Voltage
        3. 8.2.2.3 External Component Selection
        4. 8.2.2.4 Inductor Selection
        5. 8.2.2.5 Capacitor Selection
          1. 8.2.2.5.1 Output Capacitor
          2. 8.2.2.5.2 Input Capacitor
          3. 8.2.2.5.3 Soft-Start Capacitor
        6. 8.2.2.6 Tracking Function
        7. 8.2.2.7 Output Filter and Loop Stability
      3. 8.2.3 Application Curves
      4. 8.2.4 Typical Application with Setable VO using VSET
        1. 8.2.4.1 Design Requirements
        2. 8.2.4.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        3. 8.2.4.3 Application Curves
    3. 8.3 System Examples
      1. 8.3.1 LED Power Supply
      2. 8.3.2 Powering Multiple Loads
      3. 8.3.3 Voltage Tracking
      4. 8.3.4 Precise Soft-Start Timing
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
      1. 10.2.1 Thermal Considerations
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Device Support
      1. 11.1.1 Development Support
        1. 11.1.1.1 Custom Design With WEBENCH® Tools
    2. 11.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 11.3 Support Resources
    4. 11.4 Trademarks
    5. 11.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 11.6 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
  • RPJ|9
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

AEE (Automatic Efficiency Enhancement)

When the MODE/S-CONF pin is configured for AEE mode, the TPS62902 provides the highest efficiency over the entire input voltage and output voltage range by automatically adjusting the switching frequency of the converter. This is achieved by setting the predictive off-time of the converter. The efficiency of a switched mode converter is determined by the power losses during the conversion. The efficiency decreases if VOUT decreases, VIN increases as shown in Equation 4, or both. In order to keep the efficiency high over the entire duty cycle range (VOUT/VIN ratio), the switching frequency is adjusted while maintaining the ripple current.

Equation 4. GUID-20201118-CA0I-3D4P-0B7W-WJ2XK5D1DBT4-low.gif

The AEE function in the TPS62902 adjusts the on-time (TON) in power save mode, depending on the input voltage and the output voltage to maintain highest efficiency. The on-time in steady-state operation can be estimated as using Equation 5:

Equation 5. GUID-1183D907-685A-4D08-98AE-EBCA64BCB4CC-low.gif

Equation 6 shows the relation among the inductor ripple current, switching frequency, and duty cycle.

Equation 6. GUID-20201020-CA0I-BMF8-63J9-4MJPCFW55JMW-low.gif

Efficiency increases by decreasing switching losses and preserving high efficiency for varying duty cycles, while the ripple current amplitude remains low enough to deliver the full output current without reaching current limit. The AEE feature provides an efficiency enhancement for various duty cycles, especially for lower VOUT values where fixed frequency converters suffer from a significant efficiency drop. Furthermore, this feature compensates for the very small duty cycles of high VIN to low VOUT conversion, which limits the control range in other topologies.