SLVSFM1 March   2021 TPS62902

PRODUCTION DATA  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Mode Selection and Device Configuration MODE/S-CONF
      2. 7.3.2 Adjustable VO Operation (External Voltage Divider)
      3. 7.3.3 Setable VO Operation (VSET and Internal Voltage Divider)
      4. 7.3.4 Soft Start / Tracking (SS/TR)
      5. 7.3.5 Smart Enable with Precise Threshold
      6. 7.3.6 Power Good (PG)
      7. 7.3.7 Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO)
      8. 7.3.8 Current Limit And Short Circuit Protection
      9. 7.3.9 Thermal Shutdown
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) Operation
      2. 7.4.2 AEE (Automatic Efficiency Enhancement)
      3. 7.4.3 Power Save Mode Operation (Auto PFM/PWM)
      4. 7.4.4 100% Duty-Cycle Operation
      5. 7.4.5 Output Discharge Function
      6. 7.4.6 Starting into a Pre-Biased Load
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Application with Adjustable Output Voltage
      1. 8.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. 8.2.2.1 Custom Design With WEBENCH® Tools
        2. 8.2.2.2 Programming the Output Voltage
        3. 8.2.2.3 External Component Selection
        4. 8.2.2.4 Inductor Selection
        5. 8.2.2.5 Capacitor Selection
          1. 8.2.2.5.1 Output Capacitor
          2. 8.2.2.5.2 Input Capacitor
          3. 8.2.2.5.3 Soft-Start Capacitor
        6. 8.2.2.6 Tracking Function
        7. 8.2.2.7 Output Filter and Loop Stability
      3. 8.2.3 Application Curves
      4. 8.2.4 Typical Application with Setable VO using VSET
        1. 8.2.4.1 Design Requirements
        2. 8.2.4.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        3. 8.2.4.3 Application Curves
    3. 8.3 System Examples
      1. 8.3.1 LED Power Supply
      2. 8.3.2 Powering Multiple Loads
      3. 8.3.3 Voltage Tracking
      4. 8.3.4 Precise Soft-Start Timing
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
      1. 10.2.1 Thermal Considerations
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Device Support
      1. 11.1.1 Development Support
        1. 11.1.1.1 Custom Design With WEBENCH® Tools
    2. 11.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 11.3 Support Resources
    4. 11.4 Trademarks
    5. 11.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 11.6 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
  • RPJ|9
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

100% Duty-Cycle Operation

The duty cycle of the buck converter operating in PWM mode is given as D = VOUT/VIN. The duty cycle increases as the input voltage comes close to the output voltage and the off-time gets smaller. When the minimum off-time of typically 80 ns is reached, the TPS62902 scales down its switching frequency while it approaches 100% mode. In 100% mode, it keeps the high-side switch on continuously. The high-side switch stays turned on as long as the output voltage is below the internal set point. This allows the conversion of small input to output voltage differences (for example, getting longest operation time of battery-powered applications). In 100% duty cycle mode, the low-side FET is switched off.

The minimum input voltage to maintain output voltage regulation, depending on the load current and the output voltage level, can be calculated as:

Equation 9. GUID-8229D4EC-B080-4CC9-929A-94A709D5119C-low.gif

where

  • IOUT is the output current
  • RDS(on) is the on-state resistance of the high-side FET
  • RL is the DC resistance of the inductor used