SLVSD02E March 2015 – August 2021 TPS65982
The TPS65982 is a fully-integrated USB Power Delivery (USB-PD) management device providing cable plug and orientation detection for a USB Type-C and PD plug or receptacle. The TPS65982 communicates with the cable and another USB Type-C and PD device at the opposite end of the cable, enables integrated port power switches, controls an external high current port power switch, and multiplexes high-speed data to the port for USB2.0 and supported Alternate Mode sideband information. The TPS65982 also controls an attached super-speed multiplexer to simultaneously support USB3.0/3.1 data rates and DisplayPort video.
The TPS65982 is divided into six main sections: the USB-PD controller, the cable plug and orientation detection circuitry, the port power switches, the port data multiplexer, the power management circuitry, and the digital core.
The USB-PD controller provides the physical layer (PHY) functionality of the USB-PD protocol. The USB-PD data is output through either the C_CC1 pin or the C_CC2 pin, depending on the orientation of the reversible USB Type-C cable. For a high-level block diagram of the USB-PD physical layer, a description of its features and more detailed circuitry, refer to the USB-PD Physical Layer section.
The cable plug and orientation detection analog circuitry automatically detects a USB Type-C cable plug insertion and also automatically detects the cable orientation. For a high-level block diagram of cable plug and orientation detection, a description of its features and more detailed circuitry, refer to the Cable Plug and Orientation Detection section.
The port power switches provide power to the system port through the VBUS pin and also through the C_CC1 or C_CC2 pins based on the detected plug orientation. For a high-level block diagram of the port power switches, a description of its features and more detailed circuitry, refer to the Port Power Switches section.
The port data multiplexer connects various input pairs to the system port through the C_USB_TP, C_USB_TN, C_USB_BP, C_USB_BN, C_SBU1 and C_SBU2 pins. For a high-level block diagram of the port data multiplexer, a description of its features and more detailed circuitry, refer to the USB Type-C Port Data Multiplexer section.
The power management circuitry receives and provides power to the TPS65982 internal circuitry and to the VOUT_3V3 and LDO_3V3 outputs. For a high-level block diagram of the power management circuitry, a description of its features and more detailed circuitry, refer to the Power Management section.
The digital core provides the engine for receiving, processing, and sending all USB-PD packets as well as handling control of all other TPS65982 functionality. A small portion of the digital core contains non-volatile memory, called boot code, which is capable of initializing the TPS65982 and loading a larger, configurable portion of application code into volatile memory in the digital core. For a high-level block diagram of the digital core, a description of its features and more detailed circuitry, refer to the Digital Core section.
The digital core of the TPS65982 also interprets and uses information provided by the analog-to-digital converter ADC (see the ADC section), is configurable to read the status of general purpose inputs and trigger events accordingly, and controls general outputs which are configurable as push-pull or open-drain types with integrated pullup or pulldown resistors and can operate tied to a 1.8 V or 3.3 V rail. The TPS65982 is an I2C slave to be controlled by a host processor (see the I2C Slave Interface section), an SPI controller to write to and read from an external flash memory (see the SPI Controller Interface section), and is programmed by a single-wire debugger (SWD) connection (see the Single-Wire Debugger Interface section).