SBVS399A December 2021 – May 2022 TPS7A13
The internal thermal shutdown protection circuit disables the output when the thermal junction temperature (TJ) of the pass transistor rises to the thermal shutdown temperature threshold, TSD(shutdown) (typical). The thermal shutdown circuit hysteresis ensures that the LDO resets (turns on) when the temperature falls to TSD(reset) (typical).
The thermal time constant of the semiconductor die is fairly short; thus, the device may cycle on and off when thermal shutdown is reached until power dissipation is reduced. Power dissipation during start up can be high from large VIN – VOUT voltage drops across the device or from high inrush currents charging large output capacitors. Under some conditions, the thermal shutdown protection disables the device before start up completes.
For reliable operation, limit the junction temperature to the maximum listed in the Section 6.3 table. Operation above this maximum temperature causes the device to exceed its operational specifications. Although the internal protection circuitry of the device is designed to protect against thermal overload conditions, this circuitry is not intended to replace proper heat sinking. Continuously running the device into thermal shutdown or above the maximum recommended junction temperature reduces long-term reliability.