SBVS338E March   2020  – December 2021 TPS7A20

PRODUCTION DATA  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Switching Characteristics
    7. 6.7 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Low Output Noise
      2. 7.3.2 Smart Enable
      3. 7.3.3 Dropout Voltage
      4. 7.3.4 Foldback Current Limit
      5. 7.3.5 Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO)
      6. 7.3.6 Thermal Shutdown
      7. 7.3.7 Active Discharge
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Device Functional Mode Comparison
      2. 7.4.2 Normal Operation
      3. 7.4.3 Dropout Operation
      4. 7.4.4 Disabled
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
      1. 8.1.1 Recommended Capacitor Types
      2. 8.1.2 Input and Output Capacitor Requirements
      3. 8.1.3 Load Transient Response
      4. 8.1.4 Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO) Operation
      5. 8.1.5 Power Dissipation (PD)
        1. 8.1.5.1 Estimating Junction Temperature
        2. 8.1.5.2 Recommended Area for Continuous Operation
    2. 8.2 Typical Application
      1. 8.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
      3. 8.2.3 Application Curves
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 10.2 Layout Examples
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Device Support
      1. 11.1.1 Device Nomenclature
    2. 11.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 11.3 Support Resources
    4. 11.4 Trademarks
    5. 11.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 11.6 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Foldback Current Limit

The device has an internal current limit circuit that protects the regulator during transient high-load current faults or shorting events. The current limit is a hybrid brickwall-foldback scheme. The current limit transitions from a brickwall scheme to a foldback scheme at the foldback voltage (VFOLDBACK). In a high-load current fault with the output voltage above VFOLDBACK, the brickwall scheme limits the output current to the current limit (ICL). When the voltage drops below VFOLDBACK, a foldback current limit activates that scales back the current as the output voltage approaches GND. When the output is shorted, the device supplies a typical current called the short-circuit current limit (ISC). ICL and ISC are listed in the Electrical Characteristics table.

The output voltage is not regulated when the device is in current limit. When a current limit event occurs, the device begins to heat up because of the increase in power dissipation. When the device is in brickwall current limit, the pass transistor dissipates power [(VIN – VOUT) × ICL]. When the device output is shorted and the output is below VFOLDBACK, the pass transistor dissipates power [(VIN – VOUT) × ISC]. If thermal shutdown is triggered, the device turns off. After the device cools down, the internal thermal shutdown circuit turns the device back on. If the output current fault condition continues, the device cycles between current limit and thermal shutdown. For more information on current limits, see the Know Your Limits application report.

Figure 7-1 shows a diagram of the foldback current limit.

Figure 7-1 Foldback Current Limit