SLVSFS4A December 2021 – June 2022 TPS92623-Q1
The TPS92623-Q1 device has LED open-circuit detection. The LED open-circuit detection monitors the output voltage when the current output is enabled. The LED open-circuit detection is only enabled when DIAGEN is HIGH. A short-to-battery fault is also detected and recognized as an LED open-circuit fault.
The TPS92623-Q1 monitors dropout-voltage differences between the IN and OUT pins for each LED channel when PWM is HIGH. The voltage difference V(INx) – V(OUTx) is compared with the internal reference voltage V(OPEN_th_rising) to detect an LED open-circuit incident. If V(OUTx) rises and causes V(INx) – V(OUTx) less than the V(OPEN_th_rising) voltage longer than the deglitch time of t(OPEN_deg), the device asserts an open-circuit fault. After a LED open-circuit failure is detected, the internal constant-current sink pulls down the FAULT pin voltage. During the deglitch time period, if V(OUTx) falls and makes V(INx) – V(OUTx) larger than V(OPEN_th_falling), the deglitch timer is reset.
The TPS92623-Q1 shuts down the output current regulation for the error channel after LED open-circuit fault is detected. The device sources a small current I(Retry) from SUPPLY to OUT and RES when DIAGEN input is logic High. After the fault condition is removed, the device resumes normal operation and releases the FAULT pin. Figure 7-4 illustrates the timing for LED open-circuit detection, protection, retry and recovery.