DLPS039F December   2015  – April 2019 TPS99000-Q1

PRODUCTION DATA.  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
    1.     Typical Standalone System
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions - Initialization, Clock, and Diagnostics
    2.     Pin Functions - Power and Ground
    3.     Pin Functions - Power Supply Management
    4.     Pin Functions - Illumination Control
    5.     Pin Functions - Serial Peripheral Interfaces
    6.     Pin Functions - Analog to Digital Converter
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1  Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2  ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3  Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4  Thermal Information
    5. 6.5  Electrical Characteristics - Transimpedance Amplifier Parameters
    6. 6.6  Electrical Characteristics - Digital to Analog Converters
    7. 6.7  Electrical Characteristics - Analog to Digital Converter
    8. 6.8  Electrical Characteristics - FET Gate Drivers
    9. 6.9  Electrical Characteristics - Photo Comparator
    10. 6.10 Electrical Characteristics - Voltage Regulators
    11. 6.11 Electrical Characteristics - Temperature and Voltage Monitors
    12. 6.12 Electrical Characteristics - Current Consumption
    13. 6.13 Power-Up Timing Requirements
    14. 6.14 Power-Down Timing Requirements
    15. 6.15 Timing Requirements - Sequencer Clock
    16. 6.16 Timing Requirements - Host / Diagnostic Port SPI Interface
    17. 6.17 Timing Requirements - ADC Interface
    18. 6.18 Switching Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Illumination Control
        1. 7.3.1.1 Illumination System High Dynamic Range Dimming Overview
        2. 7.3.1.2 Illumination Control Loop
        3. 7.3.1.3 Continuous Mode Operation
          1. 7.3.1.3.1 Output Capacitance in Continuous Mode
          2. 7.3.1.3.2 Continuous Mode Driver Distortion and Blanking Current
          3. 7.3.1.3.3 Continuous Mode S_EN2 Dissipative Load Shunt Options
          4. 7.3.1.3.4 Continuous Mode Constant OFF Time
          5. 7.3.1.3.5 Continuous Mode Current Limit
        4. 7.3.1.4 Discontinuous Mode Operation
          1. 7.3.1.4.1 Discontinuous Mode Pulse Width Limit
          2. 7.3.1.4.2 COMPOUT_LOW Timer in Discontinuous Operation
          3. 7.3.1.4.3 Dimming Within Discontinuous Operation Range
          4. 7.3.1.4.4 Multiple Pulse Heights to Increase Bit Depth
          5. 7.3.1.4.5 TIA Gain Adjustment
          6. 7.3.1.4.6 Current Limit in Discontinuous Mode
          7. 7.3.1.4.7 CMODE Big Cap Mode in Discontinuous Operation
      2. 7.3.2 Over-Brightness Detection
        1. 7.3.2.1 Photo Feedback Monitor BIST
        2. 7.3.2.2 Excessive Brightness BIST
      3. 7.3.3 Analog to Digital Converter
        1. 7.3.3.1 Analog to Digital Converter Input Table
      4. 7.3.4 Power Sequencing and Monitoring
        1. 7.3.4.1 Power Monitoring
      5. 7.3.5 DMD Mirror Voltage Regulator
      6. 7.3.6 Low Dropout Regulators
      7. 7.3.7 System Monitoring Features
        1. 7.3.7.1 Windowed Watchdog Circuits
        2. 7.3.7.2 Die Temperature Monitors
        3. 7.3.7.3 External Clock Ratio Monitor
      8. 7.3.8 Communication Ports
        1. 7.3.8.1 Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI)
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 OFF
      2. 7.4.2 STANDBY
      3. 7.4.3 POWERING_DMD
      4. 7.4.4 DISPLAY_RDY
      5. 7.4.5 DISPLAY_ON
      6. 7.4.6 PARKING
      7. 7.4.7 SHUTDOWN
    5. 7.5 Register Maps
      1. 7.5.1 System Status Registers
      2. 7.5.2 ADC Control
      3. 7.5.3 General Fault Status
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Applications
      1. 8.2.1 HUD
        1. 8.2.1.1 Design Requirements
        2. 8.2.1.2 Application Design Considerations
          1. 8.2.1.2.1 Photodiode Considerations
          2. 8.2.1.2.2 LED Current Measurement
          3. 8.2.1.2.3 Setting the Current Limit
          4. 8.2.1.2.4 Input Voltage Variation Impact
          5. 8.2.1.2.5 Discontinuous Mode Photo Feedback Considerations
          6. 8.2.1.2.6 Transimpedance Amplifiers (TIAs, Usage, Offset, Dark Current, Ranges, RGB Trim)
      2. 8.2.2 Headlight
        1. 8.2.2.1 Design Requirements
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
    1. 9.1 TPS99000-Q1 Power Supply Architecture
    2. 9.2 TPS99000-Q1 Power Outputs
    3. 9.3 Power Supply Architecture
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
      1. 10.1.1 Power/High Current Signals
      2. 10.1.2 Sensitive Analog Signals
      3. 10.1.3 High Speed Digital Signals
      4. 10.1.4 High Power Current Loops
      5. 10.1.5 Kelvin Sensing Connections
      6. 10.1.6 Ground Separation
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Device Support
      1. 11.1.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
    2. 11.2 Trademarks
    3. 11.3 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    4. 11.4 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information
    1. 12.1 Package Option Addendum
      1. 12.1.1 Tape and Reel Information
      2. 12.1.2 Mechanical Drawings

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

CMODE Big Cap Mode in Discontinuous Operation

The TPS99000-Q1 provides an output signal, CMODE, that can be used to drive the gate of a FET that switches in a larger capacitor for discontinuous operation. High capacitance mode is only used during discontinuous operation. (High capacitance causes issues in continuous operation, minimizing capacitance is preferred for that mode). The higher capacitance slows the rate at which the forward voltage of the LED increases during the pulse creation process. The slower charge rate causes the transition from no light emission to full light emission to extend in time. In selecting the proper capacitance, a balance between good edge rate control and total time for pulse to reach threshold must be made. Attention should be paid to the temperature characteristics of this capacitor. Less variation of capacitance over temperature will result in more accurate, repeatable results in cold/hot conditions.

Benefits:

  • Pulse stability
  • Support for lower light output thresholds, due to slower pulse edge rates

The charge and discharge loops using the CMODE big cap are as follows:

TPS99000-Q1 discon_mode_curr_path_wShunt_enable_DLPS039.gifFigure 29. Discontinuous Mode Current Paths with Shunt Enabled
TPS99000-Q1 discon_mode_curr_path_wShunt_disenable_DLPS039.gifFigure 30. Discontinuous Mode Current Paths with Shunt Disabled