DLPS039F December   2015  – April 2019 TPS99000-Q1

PRODUCTION DATA.  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
    1.     Typical Standalone System
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions - Initialization, Clock, and Diagnostics
    2.     Pin Functions - Power and Ground
    3.     Pin Functions - Power Supply Management
    4.     Pin Functions - Illumination Control
    5.     Pin Functions - Serial Peripheral Interfaces
    6.     Pin Functions - Analog to Digital Converter
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1  Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2  ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3  Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4  Thermal Information
    5. 6.5  Electrical Characteristics - Transimpedance Amplifier Parameters
    6. 6.6  Electrical Characteristics - Digital to Analog Converters
    7. 6.7  Electrical Characteristics - Analog to Digital Converter
    8. 6.8  Electrical Characteristics - FET Gate Drivers
    9. 6.9  Electrical Characteristics - Photo Comparator
    10. 6.10 Electrical Characteristics - Voltage Regulators
    11. 6.11 Electrical Characteristics - Temperature and Voltage Monitors
    12. 6.12 Electrical Characteristics - Current Consumption
    13. 6.13 Power-Up Timing Requirements
    14. 6.14 Power-Down Timing Requirements
    15. 6.15 Timing Requirements - Sequencer Clock
    16. 6.16 Timing Requirements - Host / Diagnostic Port SPI Interface
    17. 6.17 Timing Requirements - ADC Interface
    18. 6.18 Switching Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Illumination Control
        1. 7.3.1.1 Illumination System High Dynamic Range Dimming Overview
        2. 7.3.1.2 Illumination Control Loop
        3. 7.3.1.3 Continuous Mode Operation
          1. 7.3.1.3.1 Output Capacitance in Continuous Mode
          2. 7.3.1.3.2 Continuous Mode Driver Distortion and Blanking Current
          3. 7.3.1.3.3 Continuous Mode S_EN2 Dissipative Load Shunt Options
          4. 7.3.1.3.4 Continuous Mode Constant OFF Time
          5. 7.3.1.3.5 Continuous Mode Current Limit
        4. 7.3.1.4 Discontinuous Mode Operation
          1. 7.3.1.4.1 Discontinuous Mode Pulse Width Limit
          2. 7.3.1.4.2 COMPOUT_LOW Timer in Discontinuous Operation
          3. 7.3.1.4.3 Dimming Within Discontinuous Operation Range
          4. 7.3.1.4.4 Multiple Pulse Heights to Increase Bit Depth
          5. 7.3.1.4.5 TIA Gain Adjustment
          6. 7.3.1.4.6 Current Limit in Discontinuous Mode
          7. 7.3.1.4.7 CMODE Big Cap Mode in Discontinuous Operation
      2. 7.3.2 Over-Brightness Detection
        1. 7.3.2.1 Photo Feedback Monitor BIST
        2. 7.3.2.2 Excessive Brightness BIST
      3. 7.3.3 Analog to Digital Converter
        1. 7.3.3.1 Analog to Digital Converter Input Table
      4. 7.3.4 Power Sequencing and Monitoring
        1. 7.3.4.1 Power Monitoring
      5. 7.3.5 DMD Mirror Voltage Regulator
      6. 7.3.6 Low Dropout Regulators
      7. 7.3.7 System Monitoring Features
        1. 7.3.7.1 Windowed Watchdog Circuits
        2. 7.3.7.2 Die Temperature Monitors
        3. 7.3.7.3 External Clock Ratio Monitor
      8. 7.3.8 Communication Ports
        1. 7.3.8.1 Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI)
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 OFF
      2. 7.4.2 STANDBY
      3. 7.4.3 POWERING_DMD
      4. 7.4.4 DISPLAY_RDY
      5. 7.4.5 DISPLAY_ON
      6. 7.4.6 PARKING
      7. 7.4.7 SHUTDOWN
    5. 7.5 Register Maps
      1. 7.5.1 System Status Registers
      2. 7.5.2 ADC Control
      3. 7.5.3 General Fault Status
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Applications
      1. 8.2.1 HUD
        1. 8.2.1.1 Design Requirements
        2. 8.2.1.2 Application Design Considerations
          1. 8.2.1.2.1 Photodiode Considerations
          2. 8.2.1.2.2 LED Current Measurement
          3. 8.2.1.2.3 Setting the Current Limit
          4. 8.2.1.2.4 Input Voltage Variation Impact
          5. 8.2.1.2.5 Discontinuous Mode Photo Feedback Considerations
          6. 8.2.1.2.6 Transimpedance Amplifiers (TIAs, Usage, Offset, Dark Current, Ranges, RGB Trim)
      2. 8.2.2 Headlight
        1. 8.2.2.1 Design Requirements
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
    1. 9.1 TPS99000-Q1 Power Supply Architecture
    2. 9.2 TPS99000-Q1 Power Outputs
    3. 9.3 Power Supply Architecture
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
      1. 10.1.1 Power/High Current Signals
      2. 10.1.2 Sensitive Analog Signals
      3. 10.1.3 High Speed Digital Signals
      4. 10.1.4 High Power Current Loops
      5. 10.1.5 Kelvin Sensing Connections
      6. 10.1.6 Ground Separation
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Device Support
      1. 11.1.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
    2. 11.2 Trademarks
    3. 11.3 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    4. 11.4 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information
    1. 12.1 Package Option Addendum
      1. 12.1.1 Tape and Reel Information
      2. 12.1.2 Mechanical Drawings

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

High Power Current Loops

Due to the architecture of switched mode power supplies used to power the LED driver, there exist several current loops which can create interference. The best way to mitigate the effects of these loops is to minimize the area. Since the location of these loops is dependent on the LED drive architecture, the reader is referred to the data sheets of those parts for specific layout recommendation guidelines.

However, the TPS99000-Q1 does add an additional current loop which is specific to how it enables the LEDs in low brightness conditions. When operating the TPS99000-Q1 in discrete pulsed mode to achieve low light levels of LEDs, current flows through a shunt FET in the LED driver, creating a current loop which can inject noise into other circuits. The current loop is shown in Figure 51.

TPS99000-Q1 discon_mode_curr_path_wShunt_enable_DLPS039.gifFigure 51. Discontinuous Mode Current Loop

Here, the net LED_COMMON_ANODE is at the forward voltage of the LED when it is conducting current, and LOW_SIDE_SENSE is at near ground potential. When forming pulses in discrete pulsed mode, the S_EN1 FET redirects the current from the LED, causing it to turn off quickly. This has the added effect of discharging the 1 µF capacitor, creating a brief, high current loop consisting of the S_EN1 FET, the CMODE FET, and the 1 µF capacitor. There is also a secondary loop created by the S_EN1 FET and the 0.1 µF capacitor. This set of components should be placed in a way to keep these loops small. One such possible placement is shown in Figure 52.

TPS99000-Q1 sense_resistor_placement_1.gifFigure 52. High Power Layout