DLPS039F December   2015  – April 2019 TPS99000-Q1

PRODUCTION DATA.  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
    1.     Typical Standalone System
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions - Initialization, Clock, and Diagnostics
    2.     Pin Functions - Power and Ground
    3.     Pin Functions - Power Supply Management
    4.     Pin Functions - Illumination Control
    5.     Pin Functions - Serial Peripheral Interfaces
    6.     Pin Functions - Analog to Digital Converter
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1  Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2  ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3  Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4  Thermal Information
    5. 6.5  Electrical Characteristics - Transimpedance Amplifier Parameters
    6. 6.6  Electrical Characteristics - Digital to Analog Converters
    7. 6.7  Electrical Characteristics - Analog to Digital Converter
    8. 6.8  Electrical Characteristics - FET Gate Drivers
    9. 6.9  Electrical Characteristics - Photo Comparator
    10. 6.10 Electrical Characteristics - Voltage Regulators
    11. 6.11 Electrical Characteristics - Temperature and Voltage Monitors
    12. 6.12 Electrical Characteristics - Current Consumption
    13. 6.13 Power-Up Timing Requirements
    14. 6.14 Power-Down Timing Requirements
    15. 6.15 Timing Requirements - Sequencer Clock
    16. 6.16 Timing Requirements - Host / Diagnostic Port SPI Interface
    17. 6.17 Timing Requirements - ADC Interface
    18. 6.18 Switching Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Illumination Control
        1. 7.3.1.1 Illumination System High Dynamic Range Dimming Overview
        2. 7.3.1.2 Illumination Control Loop
        3. 7.3.1.3 Continuous Mode Operation
          1. 7.3.1.3.1 Output Capacitance in Continuous Mode
          2. 7.3.1.3.2 Continuous Mode Driver Distortion and Blanking Current
          3. 7.3.1.3.3 Continuous Mode S_EN2 Dissipative Load Shunt Options
          4. 7.3.1.3.4 Continuous Mode Constant OFF Time
          5. 7.3.1.3.5 Continuous Mode Current Limit
        4. 7.3.1.4 Discontinuous Mode Operation
          1. 7.3.1.4.1 Discontinuous Mode Pulse Width Limit
          2. 7.3.1.4.2 COMPOUT_LOW Timer in Discontinuous Operation
          3. 7.3.1.4.3 Dimming Within Discontinuous Operation Range
          4. 7.3.1.4.4 Multiple Pulse Heights to Increase Bit Depth
          5. 7.3.1.4.5 TIA Gain Adjustment
          6. 7.3.1.4.6 Current Limit in Discontinuous Mode
          7. 7.3.1.4.7 CMODE Big Cap Mode in Discontinuous Operation
      2. 7.3.2 Over-Brightness Detection
        1. 7.3.2.1 Photo Feedback Monitor BIST
        2. 7.3.2.2 Excessive Brightness BIST
      3. 7.3.3 Analog to Digital Converter
        1. 7.3.3.1 Analog to Digital Converter Input Table
      4. 7.3.4 Power Sequencing and Monitoring
        1. 7.3.4.1 Power Monitoring
      5. 7.3.5 DMD Mirror Voltage Regulator
      6. 7.3.6 Low Dropout Regulators
      7. 7.3.7 System Monitoring Features
        1. 7.3.7.1 Windowed Watchdog Circuits
        2. 7.3.7.2 Die Temperature Monitors
        3. 7.3.7.3 External Clock Ratio Monitor
      8. 7.3.8 Communication Ports
        1. 7.3.8.1 Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI)
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 OFF
      2. 7.4.2 STANDBY
      3. 7.4.3 POWERING_DMD
      4. 7.4.4 DISPLAY_RDY
      5. 7.4.5 DISPLAY_ON
      6. 7.4.6 PARKING
      7. 7.4.7 SHUTDOWN
    5. 7.5 Register Maps
      1. 7.5.1 System Status Registers
      2. 7.5.2 ADC Control
      3. 7.5.3 General Fault Status
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Applications
      1. 8.2.1 HUD
        1. 8.2.1.1 Design Requirements
        2. 8.2.1.2 Application Design Considerations
          1. 8.2.1.2.1 Photodiode Considerations
          2. 8.2.1.2.2 LED Current Measurement
          3. 8.2.1.2.3 Setting the Current Limit
          4. 8.2.1.2.4 Input Voltage Variation Impact
          5. 8.2.1.2.5 Discontinuous Mode Photo Feedback Considerations
          6. 8.2.1.2.6 Transimpedance Amplifiers (TIAs, Usage, Offset, Dark Current, Ranges, RGB Trim)
      2. 8.2.2 Headlight
        1. 8.2.2.1 Design Requirements
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
    1. 9.1 TPS99000-Q1 Power Supply Architecture
    2. 9.2 TPS99000-Q1 Power Outputs
    3. 9.3 Power Supply Architecture
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
      1. 10.1.1 Power/High Current Signals
      2. 10.1.2 Sensitive Analog Signals
      3. 10.1.3 High Speed Digital Signals
      4. 10.1.4 High Power Current Loops
      5. 10.1.5 Kelvin Sensing Connections
      6. 10.1.6 Ground Separation
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Device Support
      1. 11.1.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
    2. 11.2 Trademarks
    3. 11.3 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    4. 11.4 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information
    1. 12.1 Package Option Addendum
      1. 12.1.1 Tape and Reel Information
      2. 12.1.2 Mechanical Drawings

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Illumination System High Dynamic Range Dimming Overview

This section provides a generalized overview, describing the concepts to provide a framework for understanding how the functions within the TPS99000-Q1 support the high dynamic dimming scheme of the full chipset and software.

A Head-Up Display (HUD) system must typically meet a target white point requirement over a wide range of brightness. Covering a wide brightness range requires a combination of continuous and discontinuous modes. Continuous mode will utilize different combinations of RGB sequence duty cycles, time attenuation, and amplitude attenuation. Discontinuous mode will utilize different combinations of the number of discrete pulses of light, photo feedback (TIA) gain, peak current limit settings, and light amplitude DAC settings. These adjustments can be categorized as coarse adjustments and fine adjustments.

Coarse adjustments include:

  • Illumination Bin – Selects the DMD duty cycle, LED duty cycle, and the number of pulses (DM only).
  • LED Current Limits – In CM, this specifies the maximum current each LED can operate with. Used to prevent damage to the LED. In DM, specifies pre-charge inductor current used to generate pulses. Determines shape/overshoot of pulse.
  • TIA Gain – The TIA design supports a wide range of gain settings—14 in total—to cover a wide range of photodiode current levels. Higher gain settings result in lower LED output for a given feedback voltage.

Fine adjustments include:

  • Photo Feedback DAC Settings – This function is implemented with a high speed 12-bit DAC. Sets the LED target amplitude.