SLOS758G December   2011  – March 2020 TRF7963A


  1. 1Device Overview
    1. 1.1 Features
    2. 1.2 Applications
    3. 1.3 Description
    4. 1.4 Application Block Diagram
  2. 2Revision History
  3. 3Device Characteristics
    1. 3.1 Related Products
  4. 4Terminal Configuration and Functions
    1. 4.1 Pin Diagrams
    2. 4.2 Signal Descriptions
  5. 5Specifications
    1. 5.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 5.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 5.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 5.4 Electrical Characteristics
    5. 5.5 Thermal Resistance Characteristics
    6. 5.6 Switching Characteristics
  6. 6Detailed Description
    1. 6.1  Functional Block Diagram
    2. 6.2  Power Supplies
    3. 6.3  Supply Arrangements
    4. 6.4  Supply Regulator Settings
    5. 6.5  Power Modes
    6. 6.6  Receiver – Analog Section
      1. 6.6.1 Main and Auxiliary Receiver
      2. 6.6.2 Receiver Gain and Filter Stages
    7. 6.7  Receiver – Digital Section
      1. 6.7.1 Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI)
        1. Internal RSSI – Main and Auxiliary Receivers
        2. External RSSI
    8. 6.8  Oscillator Section
    9. 6.9  Transmitter - Analog Section
    10. 6.10 Transmitter - Digital Section
    11. 6.11 Transmitter – External Power Amplifier or Subcarrier Detector
    12. 6.12 Communication Interface
      1. 6.12.1 General Introduction
      2. 6.12.2 FIFO Operation
      3. 6.12.3 Parallel Interface Mode
      4. 6.12.4 Reception of Air Interface Data
      5. 6.12.5 Data Transmission to MCU
      6. 6.12.6 Serial Interface Communication (SPI)
        1. Serial Interface Mode Without Slave Select (SS)
        2. Serial Interface Mode With Slave Select (SS)
      7. 6.12.7 Direct Mode
    13. 6.13 Direct Commands from MCU to Reader
      1. 6.13.1 Command Codes
      2. 6.13.2 Reset FIFO (0x0F)
      3. 6.13.3 Transmission With CRC (0x11)
      4. 6.13.4 Transmission Without CRC (0x10)
      5. 6.13.5 Block Receiver (0x16)
      6. 6.13.6 Enable Receiver (0x17)
      7. 6.13.7 Test Internal RF (RSSI at RX Input With TX On) (0x18)
      8. 6.13.8 Test External RF (RSSI at RX Input With TX Off) (0x19)
      9. 6.13.9 Register Preset
    14. 6.14 Register Description
      1. 6.14.1 Register Overview
        1. Main Configuration Registers
          1. Chip Status Control Register (0x00)
          2. ISO Control Register (0x01)
        2. Protocol Subsetting Registers
          1. ISO14443B TX Options Register (0x02)
          2. ISO14443A High-Bit-Rate and Parity Options Register (0x03)
          3. TX Pulse Length Control Register (0x06)
          4. RX No Response Wait Time Register (0x07)
          5. RX Wait Time Register (0x08)
          6. Modulator and SYS_CLK Control Register (0x09)
          7. RX Special Setting Register (0x0A)
          8. Regulator and I/O Control Register (0x0B)
        3. Status Registers
          1. IRQ Status Register (0x0C)
          2. Collision Position and Interrupt Mask Registers (0x0D and 0x0E)
          3. RSSI Levels and Oscillator Status Register (0x0F)
        4. Test Registers
          1. Test Register (0x1A)
          2. Test Register (0x1B)
        5. FIFO Control Registers
          1. FIFO Status Register (0x1C)
          2. TX Length Byte1 Register (0x1D) and TX Length Byte2 Register (0x1E)
  7. 7Applications, Implementation, and Layout
    1. 7.1 TRF7963A Reader System Using SPI With SS Mode
      1. 7.1.1 General Application Considerations
      2. 7.1.2 Schematic
    2. 7.2 System Design
      1. 7.2.1 Layout Considerations
      2. 7.2.2 Impedance Matching TX_Out (Pin 5) to 50 Ω
      3. 7.2.3 Reader Antenna Design Guidelines
  8. 8Device and Documentation Support
    1. 8.1 Getting Started and Next Steps
    2. 8.2 Device Nomenclature
    3. 8.3 Tools and Software
    4. 8.4 Documentation Support
    5. 8.5 Support Resources
    6. 8.6 Trademarks
    7. 8.7 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    8. 8.8 Export Control Notice
    9. 8.9 Glossary
  9. 9Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Main and Auxiliary Receiver

The TRF7963A has two receiver inputs: RX_IN1 (pin 8) and RX_IN2 (pin 9). Each of the inputs is connected to an external capacitive voltage divider to ensure that the modulated signal from the tag is available on at least one of the two inputs. This architecture eliminates any possible communication holes that may occur from the tag to the reader.

The two RX inputs (RX_IN1 and RX_IN2) are multiplexed into two receivers–the main receiver and the auxiliary receiver. Only the main receiver is used for reception; the auxiliary receiver is used for signal quality monitoring. Receiver input multiplexing is controlled by bit B3 in the Chip Status Control register (address 0x00).

After start-up, RX_IN1 is multiplexed to the main receiver which is composed of an RF envelope detection, first gain and band-pass filtering stage, second gain and filtering stage with AGC. Only the main receiver is connected to the digitizing stage which output is connected to the digital processing block. The main receiver also has an RSSI measuring stage, which measures the strength of the demodulated signal (subcarrier signal).

The primary function of the auxiliary receiver is to monitor the RX signal quality by measuring the RSSI of the demodulated subcarrier signal (internal RSSI). After start-up, RX_IN2 is multiplexed to the auxiliary receiver. The auxiliary receiver has an RF envelope detection stage, first gain and filtering with AGC stage and finally the auxiliary RSSI block.

The default MUX setting is RX_IN1 connected to the main receiver and RX_IN2 connected to the auxiliary receiver. To determine the signal quality, the response from the tag is detected by the "main" (pin RX_IN1) and "auxiliary" (pin RX_IN2) RSSI. Both values measured and stored in the RSSI level register (address 0x0F). The MCU can read the RSSI values from the TRF7963A RSSI register and decide if swapping the input signals is preferable or not. Setting B3 in the Chip Status Control register (address 0x00) to 1 connects RX_IN1 (pin 8) to the auxiliary receiver and RX_IN2 (pin 9) to the main receiver.

The main and auxiliary receiver input stages are RF envelope detectors. The RF amplitude at RX_IN1 and RX_IN2 should be approximately 3 VPP for a VIN supply level greater than 3.3 V. If the VIN level is lower, the RF input peak-to-peak voltage level should not exceed the VIN level.