SLOS758G December   2011  – March 2020 TRF7963A


  1. 1Device Overview
    1. 1.1 Features
    2. 1.2 Applications
    3. 1.3 Description
    4. 1.4 Application Block Diagram
  2. 2Revision History
  3. 3Device Characteristics
    1. 3.1 Related Products
  4. 4Terminal Configuration and Functions
    1. 4.1 Pin Diagrams
    2. 4.2 Signal Descriptions
  5. 5Specifications
    1. 5.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 5.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 5.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 5.4 Electrical Characteristics
    5. 5.5 Thermal Resistance Characteristics
    6. 5.6 Switching Characteristics
  6. 6Detailed Description
    1. 6.1  Functional Block Diagram
    2. 6.2  Power Supplies
    3. 6.3  Supply Arrangements
    4. 6.4  Supply Regulator Settings
    5. 6.5  Power Modes
    6. 6.6  Receiver – Analog Section
      1. 6.6.1 Main and Auxiliary Receiver
      2. 6.6.2 Receiver Gain and Filter Stages
    7. 6.7  Receiver – Digital Section
      1. 6.7.1 Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI)
        1. Internal RSSI – Main and Auxiliary Receivers
        2. External RSSI
    8. 6.8  Oscillator Section
    9. 6.9  Transmitter - Analog Section
    10. 6.10 Transmitter - Digital Section
    11. 6.11 Transmitter – External Power Amplifier or Subcarrier Detector
    12. 6.12 Communication Interface
      1. 6.12.1 General Introduction
      2. 6.12.2 FIFO Operation
      3. 6.12.3 Parallel Interface Mode
      4. 6.12.4 Reception of Air Interface Data
      5. 6.12.5 Data Transmission to MCU
      6. 6.12.6 Serial Interface Communication (SPI)
        1. Serial Interface Mode Without Slave Select (SS)
        2. Serial Interface Mode With Slave Select (SS)
      7. 6.12.7 Direct Mode
    13. 6.13 Direct Commands from MCU to Reader
      1. 6.13.1 Command Codes
      2. 6.13.2 Reset FIFO (0x0F)
      3. 6.13.3 Transmission With CRC (0x11)
      4. 6.13.4 Transmission Without CRC (0x10)
      5. 6.13.5 Block Receiver (0x16)
      6. 6.13.6 Enable Receiver (0x17)
      7. 6.13.7 Test Internal RF (RSSI at RX Input With TX On) (0x18)
      8. 6.13.8 Test External RF (RSSI at RX Input With TX Off) (0x19)
      9. 6.13.9 Register Preset
    14. 6.14 Register Description
      1. 6.14.1 Register Overview
        1. Main Configuration Registers
          1. Chip Status Control Register (0x00)
          2. ISO Control Register (0x01)
        2. Protocol Subsetting Registers
          1. ISO14443B TX Options Register (0x02)
          2. ISO14443A High-Bit-Rate and Parity Options Register (0x03)
          3. TX Pulse Length Control Register (0x06)
          4. RX No Response Wait Time Register (0x07)
          5. RX Wait Time Register (0x08)
          6. Modulator and SYS_CLK Control Register (0x09)
          7. RX Special Setting Register (0x0A)
          8. Regulator and I/O Control Register (0x0B)
        3. Status Registers
          1. IRQ Status Register (0x0C)
          2. Collision Position and Interrupt Mask Registers (0x0D and 0x0E)
          3. RSSI Levels and Oscillator Status Register (0x0F)
        4. Test Registers
          1. Test Register (0x1A)
          2. Test Register (0x1B)
        5. FIFO Control Registers
          1. FIFO Status Register (0x1C)
          2. TX Length Byte1 Register (0x1D) and TX Length Byte2 Register (0x1E)
  7. 7Applications, Implementation, and Layout
    1. 7.1 TRF7963A Reader System Using SPI With SS Mode
      1. 7.1.1 General Application Considerations
      2. 7.1.2 Schematic
    2. 7.2 System Design
      1. 7.2.1 Layout Considerations
      2. 7.2.2 Impedance Matching TX_Out (Pin 5) to 50 Ω
      3. 7.2.3 Reader Antenna Design Guidelines
  8. 8Device and Documentation Support
    1. 8.1 Getting Started and Next Steps
    2. 8.2 Device Nomenclature
    3. 8.3 Tools and Software
    4. 8.4 Documentation Support
    5. 8.5 Support Resources
    6. 8.6 Trademarks
    7. 8.7 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    8. 8.8 Export Control Notice
    9. 8.9 Glossary
  9. 9Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Transmitter - Digital Section

The digital part of the transmitter is a mirror of the receiver. The settings controlled the ISO Control register (0x01) are applied to the transmitter just like the receiver. In the TRF7963A default mode (ISO Mode), the TRF7963A automatically adds all the special signals like start of communication, end of communication, SOF, EOF, parity bits and CRC bytes.

The data is then coded to modulation pulse levels and sent to the RF output stage modulation control unit. Just like with the receiver, this means that the external system MCU only must load the FIFO with data and all the microcoding is done automatically, again saving the firmware developer code space and time. Additionally, all the registers used for transmit parameter control are automatically preset to optimum values when a new selection is entered into the ISO Control register (0x01).


The FIFO must be reset before starting any transmission with direct command 0x0F.

There are two ways to start the transmit operation:

  • Send the transmit command and the number of bytes to be transmitted first, and then start to send the data to the FIFO. The transmission starts when first data byte is written into the FIFO.
  • Load the number of bytes to be sent into registers 0x1D and 0x1E and load the data to be sent into the FIFO (address 0x1F), followed by sending a transmit command (see Direct Commands section). The transmission then starts when the transmit command is received.


If the data length is longer than the FIFO, the external system MCU is warned when the majority of data from the FIFO was already transmitted by sending and interrupt request with flag in IRQ register to indicate a FIFO low or high status. The external system should respond by loading next data packet into the FIFO.

At the end of a transmit operation, the external system MCU is notified by interrupt request (IRQ) with a flag in the IRQ register (0x0C) indicating TX is complete (example value = 0x80).

The TX Length registers also support incomplete byte transmission. The high two nibbles in register 0x1D and the nibble composed of bits B4 to B7 in register 0x1E store the number of complete bytes to be transmitted. Bit B0 in register 0x1E is a flag indicating that there are also additional bits to be transmitted which do not form a complete byte. The number of bits is stored in bits B1 to B3 of the same register (0x1E).

Some protocols have options so there are two sublevel configuration registers to select the TX protocol options.

  • ISO14443B TX Options register (0x02). It controls the SOF and EOF selection and EGT selection for the ISO/IEC 14443 B protocol.
  • ISO14443A High-Bit-Rate and Parity Options register (0x03). This register enables the use of different bit rates for RX and TX operations in ISO/IEC 14443 high-bit-rate protocol. Besides that, it also selects the parity method in case of ISO/IEC 14443 A high bit rate.