SLUSC60B December 2017 – October 2019 UCC28064A
In transition-mode PFC circuits, the MOSFET turns on when the boost inductor current reaches zero. Because of the resonance between the boost inductor and the parasitic capacitance at the MOSFET drain node, part of the energy stored in the MOSFET junction capacitor can be recovered, reducing switching losses. Furthermore, when the rectified input voltage is less than half of the output voltage, all the energy stored in the MOSFET junction capacitor can be recovered and zero-voltage switching (ZVS) can be realized. By adding an appropriate delay, the MOSFET can be turned on at the valley of its resonating drain voltage (valley-switching). In this way, the energy recovery can be maximized and switching loss is minimized.
The optimal time delay is generally derived empirically, but a good starting point is a value equal to 25% of the resonant period of the drain circuit. The delay can be realized by a simple RC filter, as shown in Figure 18, but the delay time increases slightly as the input voltage nears the output voltage. Because the ZCD pin is internally clamped, a more accurate delay can also be realized by using the circuit shown in Figure 19.