For good transient response, the bandwidth of the finalized design must be as wide as possible. The bandwidth of a CCM flyback (fBW) is limited to ¼ of the RHP-zero frequency, or approximately 1.9 kHz using Equation 33.
The gain of the open-loop power stage at fBW is equal to –22.4 dB and the phase at fBW is equal to –87°. First step is to choose the output voltage-sensing resistor values. The output sensing resistors are selected based on the allowed power consumption and in this case, 1 mA of sensing current is assumed.
Next step is to put the compensator zero fCZ at 190 Hz, which is 1/10 of the target crossover frequency. Choose CZ as a fixed value of 10 nF and choose the zero resistor value according to Equation 36.
Next, place a pole at the lower of RHP-zero or the ESR-zero frequencies. Based previous analysis, the RHP zero is at 7.65 kHz and the ESR zero is at 6 kHz, so the pole of the compensation loop should be put at 6 kHz. This pole can be added through the primary side error amplifier. RFB and CFB provide the necessary pole. Choosing RFB as 10 kΩ, CFB is calculated by Equation 37.
Based on the compensation loop structure, the entire compensation loop transfer function is written as Equation 38.
The only remaining unknown value required in this equation is RLED. The entire loop gain must be equal to 1 at the crossover frequency. RLED is calculated accordingly as 1.62 kΩ.
TI recommends checking the loop stability across all the corner cases, including component tolerances, to ensure system stability.