JAJSEG5A January 2018 – October 2018 ADS112U04
The device offers an integrated, low-drift, 2.048-V reference. For applications that require a different reference voltage value or a ratiometric measurement approach, the device offers a differential reference input pair (REFP and REFN). In addition, the analog supply (AVDD – AVSS) can be used as a reference.
The reference source is selected by two bits (VREF[1:0]) in the configuration register. By default, the internal reference is selected. The internal voltage reference requires less than 25 µs to fully settle after power-up, when coming out of power-down mode, or when switching from an external reference source to the internal reference.
The differential reference input allows freedom in the reference common-mode voltage. The reference inputs are internally buffered to increase input impedance. Therefore, additional reference buffers are usually not required when using an external reference. When used in ratiometric applications, the reference inputs do not load the external circuitry; however, the analog supply current increases when using an external reference because the reference buffers are enabled.
In most cases the conversion result is directly proportional to the stability of the reference source. Any noise and drift of the voltage reference is reflected in the conversion result.