SLYS021A January 2021 – May 2022 INA228
Accessing a specific register on the INA228 is accomplished by writing the appropriate value to the register pointer. Refer to Section 7.6 for a complete list of registers and corresponding addresses. The value for the register pointer (as shown in Figure 7-9) is the first byte transferred after the secondary device address byte with the R/W bit low. Every write operation to the device requires a value for the register pointer.
Writing to a register begins with the first byte transmitted by the main device. This byte is the secondary device address, with the R/W bit low. The device then acknowledges receipt of a valid address. The next byte transmitted by the main device is the address of the register to be accessed. This register address value updates the register pointer to the desired internal device register. The next two bytes are written to the register addressed by the register pointer. The device acknowledges receipt of each data byte. The main device may terminate data transfer by generating a start or stop condition.
When reading from the device, the last value stored in the register pointer by a write operation determines which register is read during a read operation. To change the register pointer for a read operation, a new value must be written to the register pointer. This write is accomplished by issuing a secondary device address byte with the R/ W bit low, followed by the register pointer byte. No additional data are required. The main device then generates a start condition and sends the address byte for the secondary device with the R/W bit high to initiate the read command. The next byte is transmitted by the secondary device and is the most significant byte of the register indicated by the register pointer. This byte is followed by an Acknowledge from the main device; then the secondary device transmits the least significant byte. The main device may or may not acknowledge receipt of the second data byte. The main device may terminate data transfer by generating a Not-Acknowledge after receiving any data byte, or generating a start or stop condition. If repeated reads from the same register are desired, it is not necessary to continually send the register pointer bytes; the device retains the register pointer value until it is changed by the next write operation.
Figure 7-7 shows the write operation timing diagram. Figure 7-8 shows the read operation timing diagram. These diagrams are shown for reading/writing to 16 bit registers. Registers with a higher number of bytes will behave similarly.
Register bytes are sent most-significant byte first, followed by the least significant byte.