JAJSGE1A October   2018  – October 2019 ISO1042-Q1


  1. 特長
  2. アプリケーション
  3. 概要
    1.     アプリケーション図
  4. 改訂履歴
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions—16 Pins
    2.     Pin Functions—8 Pins
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1  Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2  ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3  Transient Immunity
    4. 6.4  Recommended Operating Conditions
    5. 6.5  Thermal Information
    6. 6.6  Power Ratings
    7. 6.7  Insulation Specifications
    8. 6.8  Safety-Related Certifications
    9. 6.9  Safety Limiting Values
    10. 6.10 Electrical Characteristics - DC Specification
    11. 6.11 Switching Characteristics
    12. 6.12 Insulation Characteristics Curves
    13. 6.13 Typical Characteristics
  7. Parameter Measurement Information
    1. 7.1 Test Circuits
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1 CAN Bus States
      2. 8.3.2 Digital Inputs and Outputs: TXD (Input) and RXD (Output)
      3. 8.3.3 Protection Features
        1. TXD Dominant Timeout (DTO)
        2. Thermal Shutdown (TSD)
        3. Undervoltage Lockout and Default State
        4. Floating Pins
        5. Unpowered Device
        6. CAN Bus Short Circuit Current Limiting
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
    2. 9.2 Typical Application
      1. 9.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 9.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. Bus Loading, Length and Number of Nodes
        2. CAN Termination
      3. 9.2.3 Application Curve
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
      1. 11.1.1 PCB Material
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
  12. 12デバイスおよびドキュメントのサポート
    1. 12.1 ドキュメントのサポート
      1. 12.1.1 関連資料
    2. 12.2 ドキュメントの更新通知を受け取る方法
    3. 12.3 コミュニティ・リソース
    4. 12.4 商標
    5. 12.5 静電気放電に関する注意事項
    6. 12.6 Glossary
  13. 13メカニカル、パッケージ、および注文情報



CAN Bus Short Circuit Current Limiting

The device has two protection features that limit the short circuit current when a CAN bus line has a short-circuit fault condition. The first protection feature is driver current limiting (both dominant and recessive states) and the second feature is TXD dominant state time out to prevent permanent higher short circuit current of the dominant state during a system fault. During CAN communication the bus switches between dominant and recessive states, therefore the short circuit current may be viewed either as the instantaneous current during each bus state or as an average current of the two states. For system current (power supply) and power considerations in the termination resistors and common-mode choke ratings, use the average short circuit current. Determine the ratio of dominant and recessive bits by the data in the CAN frame plus the following factors of the protocol and PHY that force either recessive or dominant at certain times:

  • Control fields with set bits
  • Bit stuffing
  • Interframe space
  • TXD dominant time out (fault case limiting)

These factors ensure a minimum recessive amount of time on the bus even if the data field contains a high percentage of dominant bits. The short circuit current of the bus depends on the ratio of recessive to dominant bits and their respective short circuit currents. Use Equation 2 to calculate the average short circuit current.

Equation 2. IOS(AVG) = %Transmit × [(%REC_Bits × IOS(SS)_REC) + (%DOM_Bits × IOS(SS)_DOM)] + [%Receive × IOS(SS)_REC]


  • IOS(AVG) is the average short circuit current
  • %Transmit is the percentage the node is transmitting CAN messages
  • %Receive is the percentage the node is receiving CAN messages
  • %REC_Bits is the percentage of recessive bits in the transmitted CAN messages
  • %DOM_Bits is the percentage of dominant bits in the transmitted CAN messages
  • IOS(SS)_REC is the recessive steady state short circuit current
  • IOS(SS)_DOM is the dominant steady state short circuit current


Consider the short circuit current and possible fault cases of the network when sizing the power ratings of the termination resistance and other network components.