There are two types of current faults which can be detected by the driver: overcurrent fault and short-circuit fault.
The overcurrent protection (OCP) circuit monitors drain current and compares that current signal with an internally set limit. Upon detection of the overcurrent, the LMG352xR030-Q1 conducts cycle-by-cycle overcurrent protection as shown in Figure 9-3. In this mode, the GaN device is shut off when overcurrent happens, but the overcurrent signal will clear after the input PWM goes low. In the next cycle, the GaN device can turn on as normal. The cycle-by-cycle function can be used in cases where steady-state operation current is below the OCP level but transient response can still reach current limit, while the circuit operation cannot be paused. It also prevents the GaN device from overheating by having overcurrent induced conduction loss.
The short-circuit protection (SCP) monitors drain current and compares that current signal with a internally set limit higher than that of OCP as shown in Figure 9-4. It is designed to protect the GaN device from high-current short-circuit fault. When SCP happens at high current, the driver is intentionally slowed down to obtain lower di/dt. Therefore, lower overshoot voltage and ringing can be achieved during the turn-off event.On detection of the overcurrent, LMG352xR030-Q1 conduct latched turn-off. This fast response circuit could protect the GaN device even under a hard short-circuit condition. In this protection, the GaN device is shut off and held off until the fault is reset by either holding the IN pin low for a period of time defined in Section 7 or removing power from VDD.
During OCP or SCP in a half bridge, after the current reaches the upper limit and the device is turned off by protection, the PWM input of the device could still be high and the PWM input of the complementary device could still be low. In this case, the load current can flow through the third quadrant of the complementary device with no synchronous rectification. The extra high negative voltage drop (–6 V to –8 V) from drain to source could lead to high third-quadrant loss, similar to dead time loss but with much longer time. Section 9.3.9 offers adaptive dead time and reduces third-quadrant loss.
For safety considerations, OCP allows cycle-by-cycle operation while SCP will latch the device until reset. By reading the FAULT and OC pins, the exact current fault type can be determined. Refer to Section 220.127.116.11 for detailed information.