JAJSHO4D January   2014  – November 2019 TCA9545A


  1. 特長
  2. アプリケーション
  3. 概要
    1.     Device Images
      1.      アプリケーション概略図
  4. 改訂履歴
  5. 概要 (続き)
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4 Thermal Information
    5. 7.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 7.6 I2C Interface Timing Requirements
    7. 7.7 Switching Characteristics
    8. 7.8 Interrupt and Reset Timing Requirements
    9. 7.9 Typical Characteristics
  8. Parameter Measurement Information
  9. Detailed Description
    1. 9.1 Overview
    2. 9.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 9.3 Feature Description
    4. 9.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 9.4.1 RESET Input
      2. 9.4.2 Power-On Reset
    5. 9.5 Programming
      1. 9.5.1 I2C Interface
    6. 9.6 Control Register
      1. 9.6.1 Device Address
      2. 9.6.2 Control Register Description
      3. 9.6.3 Control Register Definition
      4. 9.6.4 Interrupt Handling
  10. 10Application and Implementation
    1. 10.1 Application Information
    2. 10.2 Typical Application
      1. 10.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 10.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
      3. 10.2.3 TCA9545A Application Curves
  11. 11Power Supply Recommendations
    1. 11.1 Power-On Reset Requirements
  12. 12Layout
    1. 12.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 12.2 Layout Example
  13. 13デバイスおよびドキュメントのサポート
    1. 13.1 ドキュメントの更新通知を受け取る方法
    2. 13.2 サポート・リソース
    3. 13.3 商標
    4. 13.4 静電気放電に関する注意事項
    5. 13.5 Glossary
  14. 14メカニカル、パッケージ、および注文情報



I2C Interface

The I2C bus is for two-way two-line communication between different ICs or modules. The two lines are a serial data line (SDA) and a serial clock line (SCL). Both lines must be connected to a positive supply via a pull-up resistor when connected to the output stages of a device. Data transfer can be initiated only when the bus is not busy.

One data bit is transferred during each clock pulse. The data on the SDA line must remain stable during the high period of the clock pulse, as changes in the data line at this time are interpreted as control signals (see Figure 8).

TCA9545A bit_reg_cps204.gifFigure 8. Bit Transfer

Both data and clock lines remain high when the bus is not busy. A high-to-low transition of the data line while the clock is high is defined as the start condition (S). A low-to-high transition of the data line while the clock is high is defined as the stop condition (P) (see Figure 9).

TCA9545A start_stop_cps204.gifFigure 9. Definition of Start and Stop Conditions

A device generating a message is a transmitter; a device receiving a message is the receiver. The device that controls the message is the master, and the devices that are controlled by the master are the slaves (see Figure 10).

TCA9545A system_conf_cps204.gifFigure 10. System Configuration

The number of data bytes transferred between the start and the stop conditions from transmitter to receiver is not limited. Each byte of eight bits is followed by one acknowledge (ACK) bit. The transmitter must release the SDA line before the receiver can send an ACK bit.

When a slave receiver is addressed, it must generate an ACK after the reception of each byte. Also, a master must generate an ACK after the reception of each byte that has been clocked out of the slave transmitter. The device that acknowledges must pull down the SDA line during the ACK clock pulse so that the SDA line is stable low during the high pulse of the ACK-related clock period (see Figure 11). Setup and hold times must be taken into account.

TCA9545A ack_i2c_bus_cps204.gifFigure 11. Acknowledgment on the I2C Bus

A master receiver must signal an end of data to the transmitter by not generating an acknowledge (NACK) after the last byte has been clocked out of the slave. This is done by the master receiver by holding the SDA line high. In this event, the transmitter must release the data line to enable the master to generate a stop condition.

Data is transmitted to the TCA9545A control register using the write mode shown in Figure 12.

TCA9545A wr_cont_reg_cps204.gifFigure 12. Write Control Register

Data is read from the TCA9545A control register using the read mode shown in Figure 13.

TCA9545A rd_cont_reg_cps204.gifFigure 13. Read Control Register