JAJSI83G May 2012 – November 2019 TCA9548A
The TCA9548A has a standard bidirectional I2C interface that is controlled by a master device in order to be configured or read the status of this device. Each slave on the I2C bus has a specific device address to differentiate between other slave devices that are on the same I2C bus. Many slave devices require configuration upon startup to set the behavior of the device. This is typically done when the master accesses internal register maps of the slave, which have unique register addresses. A device can have one or multiple registers where data is stored, written, or read.
The physical I2C interface consists of the serial clock (SCL) and serial data (SDA) lines. Both SDA and SCL lines must be connected to VCC through a pull-up resistor. The size of the pull-up resistor is determined by the amount of capacitance on the I2C lines. (For further details, see the I2C Pull-up Resistor Calculation application report. Data transfer may be initiated only when the bus is idle. A bus is considered idle if both SDA and SCL lines are high after a STOP condition (See Figure 7 and Figure 8).
The following is the general procedure for a master to access a slave device: