JAJS536I October   2002  – December 2016 TPS61040 , TPS61041


  1. 特長
  2. アプリケーション
  3. 概要
  4. 改訂履歴
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Peak Current Control
      2. 7.3.2 Soft Start
      3. 7.3.3 Enable
      4. 7.3.4 Undervoltage Lockout
      5. 7.3.5 Thermal Shutdown
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Operation
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Application
      1. 8.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. Inductor Selection, Maximum Load Current
        2. Setting the Output Voltage
        3. Line and Load Regulation
        4. Output Capacitor Selection
        5. Input Capacitor Selection
        6. Diode Selection
      3. 8.2.3 Application Curves
    3. 8.3 System Examples
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
  11. 11デバイスおよびドキュメントのサポート
    1. 11.1 デベロッパー・ネットワークの製品に関する免責事項
    2. 11.2 関連リンク
    3. 11.3 コミュニティ・リソース
    4. 11.4 商標
    5. 11.5 静電気放電に関する注意事項
    6. 11.6 用語集
  12. 12メカニカル、パッケージ、および注文情報



  • DBV|5
  • DRV|6

Detailed Description


The TPS6104x is a high-frequency boost converter dedicated for small to medium LCD bias supply and white LED backlight supplies. The device is ideal to generate output voltages up to 28 V from a dual-cell NiMH/NiCd or a single cell device Li-Ion battery.

Functional Block Diagram

TPS61040 TPS61041 fbd_slvs413.gif

Feature Description

Peak Current Control

The internal switch turns on until the inductor current reaches the typical dc current limit (ILIM) of 400 mA (TPS61040) or 250 mA (TPS61041). Due to the internal propagation delay of typical 100 ns, the actual current exceeds the dc current limit threshold by a small amount. The typical peak current limit can be calculated:

Equation 1. TPS61040 TPS61041 Q1_lvs413.gif

The higher the input voltage and the lower the inductor value, the greater the peak.

By selecting the TPS6104x, it is possible to tailor the design to the specific application current limit requirements. A lower current limit supports applications requiring lower output power and allows the use of an inductor with a lower current rating and a smaller form factor. A lower current limit usually has a lower output voltage ripple as well.

Soft Start

All inductive step-up converters exhibit high inrush current during start-up if no special precaution is made. This can cause voltage drops at the input rail during start up and may result in an unwanted or early system shut down.

The TPS6104x limits this inrush current by increasing the current limit in two steps starting from TPS61040 TPS61041 q_lim4_lvs413.gif for 256 cycles to TPS61040 TPS61041 q_lim2_lvs413.gif for the next 256 cycles, and then full current limit (see Figure 15).


Pulling the enable (EN) to ground shuts down the device reducing the shutdown current to 1 μA (typical). Because there is a conductive path from the input to the output through the inductor and Schottky diode, the output voltage is equal to the input voltage during shutdown. The enable pin needs to be terminated and should not be left floating. Using a small external transistor disconnects the input from the output during shutdown as shown in Figure 17.

Undervoltage Lockout

An undervoltage lockout prevents misoperation of the device at input voltages below typical 1.5 V. When the input voltage is below the undervoltage threshold, the main switch is turned off.

Thermal Shutdown

An internal thermal shutdown is implemented and turns off the internal MOSFETs when the typical junction temperature of 168°C is exceeded. The thermal shutdown has a hysteresis of typically 25°C. This data is based on statistical means and is not tested during the regular mass production of the IC.

Device Functional Modes


The TPS6104x operates with an input voltage range of 1.8 V to 6 V and can generate output voltages up to 28 V. The device operates in a pulse-frequency-modulation (PFM) scheme with constant peak current control. This control scheme maintains high efficiency over the entire load current range, and with a switching frequency up to 1 MHz, the device enables the use of very small external components.

The converter monitors the output voltage, and as soon as the feedback voltage falls below the reference voltage of typically 1.233 V, the internal switch turns on and the current ramps up. The switch turns off as soon as the inductor current reaches the internally set peak current of typically 400 mA (TPS61040) or 250 mA (TPS61041). See Peak Current Control for more information. The second criteria that turns off the switch is the maximum on-time of 6 μs (typical). This is just to limit the maximum on-time of the converter to cover for extreme conditions. As the switch is turned off the external Schottky diode is forward biased delivering the current to the output. The switch remains off for a minimum of 400 ns (typical), or until the feedback voltage drops below the reference voltage again. Using this PFM peak current control scheme the converter operates in discontinuous conduction mode (DCM) where the switching frequency depends on the output current, which results in very high efficiency over the entire load current range. This regulation scheme is inherently stable, allowing a wider selection range for the inductor and output capacitor.