JAJSCB0E June   2016  – December 2021 UCC21520


  1. 特長
  2. アプリケーション
  3. 概要
  4. Revision History
  5. 概要 (続き)
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1  Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2  ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3  Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4  Thermal Information
    5. 7.5  Power Ratings
    6. 7.6  Insulation Specifications
    7. 7.7  Safety-Related Certifications
    8. 7.8  Safety-Limiting Values
    9. 7.9  Electrical Characteristics
    10. 7.10 Switching Characteristics
    11. 7.11 Insulation Characteristics Curves
    12. 7.12 Typical Characteristics
  8. Parameter Measurement Information
    1. 8.1 Propagation Delay and Pulse Width Distortion
    2. 8.2 Rising and Falling Time
    3. 8.3 Input and Disable Response Time
    4. 8.4 Programable Dead Time
    5. 8.5 Power-up UVLO Delay to OUTPUT
    6. 8.6 CMTI Testing
  9. Detailed Description
    1. 9.1 Overview
    2. 9.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 9.3 Feature Description
      1. 9.3.1 VDD, VCCI, and Undervoltage Lock Out (UVLO)
      2. 9.3.2 Input and Output Logic Table
      3. 9.3.3 Input Stage
      4. 9.3.4 Output Stage
      5. 9.3.5 Diode Structure in the UCC21520 and the UCC21520A
    4. 9.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 9.4.1 Disable Pin
      2. 9.4.2 Programmable Dead-Time (DT) Pin
        1. Tying the DT Pin to VCC
        2. DT Pin Connected to a Programming Resistor between DT and GND Pins
        3. 41
  10. 10Application and Implementation
    1. 10.1 Application Information
    2. 10.2 Typical Application
      1. 10.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 10.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. Designing INA/INB Input Filter
        2. Select External Bootstrap Diode and its Series Resistor
        3. Gate Driver Output Resistor
        4. Gate to Source Resistor Selection
        5. Estimate Gate Driver Power Loss
        6. Estimating Junction Temperature
        7. Selecting VCCI, VDDA/B Capacitor
          1. Selecting a VCCI Capacitor
          2. Selecting a VDDA (Bootstrap) Capacitor
          3. Select a VDDB Capacitor
        8. Dead Time Setting Guidelines
        9. Application Circuits with Output Stage Negative Bias
      3. 10.2.3 Application Curves
  11. 11Power Supply Recommendations
  12. 12Layout
    1. 12.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 12.2 Layout Example
  13. 13Device and Documentation Support
    1. 13.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
    2. 13.2 Documentation Support
      1. 13.2.1 Related Documentation
    3. 13.3 Certifications
    4. 13.4 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    5. 13.5 サポート・リソース
    6. 13.6 Trademarks
    7. 13.7 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    8. 13.8 Glossary
  14. 14Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information



Application Circuits with Output Stage Negative Bias

When parasitic inductances are introduced by non-ideal PCB layout and long package leads (for example, TO-220 and TO-247 type packages), there could be ringing in the gate-source drive voltage of the power transistor during high di/dt and dv/dt switching. If the ringing is over the threshold voltage, there is the risk of unintended turn-on and even shoot-through. Applying a negative bias on the gate drive is a popular way to keep such ringing below the threshold. Below are a few examples of implementing negative gate drive bias.

Figure 10-2 shows the first example with negative bias turn-off on the channel-A driver using a Zener diode on the isolated power supply output stage. The negative bias is set by the Zener diode voltage. If the isolated power supply, VA, is equal to 25 V, the turn-off voltage will be –5.1 V and turn-on voltage will be 25 V – 5.1 V ≈ 20 V. The channel-B driver circuit is the same as channel-A, therefore, this configuration needs two power supplies for a half-bridge configuration, and there will be steady state power consumption from RZ.

GUID-442DAB80-2DC0-42D1-B730-5A1795CD45C0-low.gif Figure 10-2 Negative Bias with Zener Diode on Iso-Bias Power Supply Output

Figure 10-3 shows another example which uses two supplies (or single-input-double-output power supply). Power supply VA+ determines the positive drive output voltage and VA– determines the negative turn-off voltage. The configuration for channel B is the same as channel A. This solution requires more power supplies than the first example, however, it provides more flexibility when setting the positive and negative rail voltages.

GUID-3DC19FB2-C429-47C2-9DA2-058A85DDA192-low.gif Figure 10-3 Negative Bias with Two Iso-Bias Power Supplies

The last example, shown in Figure 10-4, is a single power supply configuration and generates negative bias through a Zener diode in the gate drive loop. The benefit of this solution is that it only uses one power supply and the bootstrap power supply can be used for the high side drive. This design requires the least cost and design effort among the three solutions. However, this solution has limitations:

  1. The negative gate drive bias is not only determined by the Zener diode, but also by the duty cycle, which means the negative bias voltage will change when the duty cycle changes. Therefore, converters with a fixed duty cycle (~50%) such as variable frequency resonant convertors or phase shift convertors favor this solution.
  2. The high side VDDA-VSSA must maintain enough voltage to stay in the recommended power supply range, which means the low side switch must turn-on or have free-wheeling current on the body (or anti-parallel) diode for a certain period during each switching cycle to refresh the bootstrap capacitor. Therefore, a 100% duty cycle for the high side is not possible unless there is a dedicated power supply for the high side, like in the other two example circuits.
GUID-4EE79110-88BE-4109-8820-F49D8435F20D-low.gif Figure 10-4 Negative Bias with Single Power Supply and Zener Diode in Gate Drive Path