JAJSCB0E June   2016  – December 2021

PRODUCTION DATA

1. 特長
2. アプリケーション
3. 概要
4. Revision History
5. 概要 (続き)
6. Pin Configuration and Functions
7. Specifications
8. Parameter Measurement Information
9. Detailed Description
1. 9.1 Overview
2. 9.2 Functional Block Diagram
3. 9.3 Feature Description
4. 9.4 Device Functional Modes
10. 10Application and Implementation
1. 10.1 Application Information
2. 10.2 Typical Application
1. 10.2.1 Design Requirements
2. 10.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
3. 10.2.3 Application Curves
11. 11Power Supply Recommendations
12. 12Layout
13. 13Device and Documentation Support
14. 14Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

• DW|16
• DW|16

#### 10.2.2.3 Gate Driver Output Resistor

The external gate driver resistors, RON/ROFF, are used to:

1. Limit ringing caused by parasitic inductances/capacitances.
2. Limit ringing caused by high voltage/current switching dv/dt, di/dt, and body-diode reverse recovery.
3. Fine-tune gate drive strength, i.e. peak sink and source current to optimize the switching loss.
4. Reduce electromagnetic interference (EMI).

As mentioned in Section 9.3.4, the UCC21520 has a pull-up structure with a P-channel MOSFET and an additional pull-up N-channel MOSFET in parallel. The combined peak source current is 4 A. Therefore, the peak source current can be predicted with:

Equation 3.
Equation 4.

where

• RON: External turn-on resistance.
• RGFET_INT: Power transistor internal gate resistance, found in the power transistor datasheet.
• IO+ = Peak source current – The minimum value between 4 A, the gate driver peak source current, and the calculated value based on the gate drive loop resistance.

In this example:

Equation 5.
Equation 6.

Therefore, the high-side and low-side peak source current is 2.4 A and 2.5 A respectively. Similarly, the peak sink current can be calculated with:

Equation 7.
Equation 8.

where

• ROFF: External turn-off resistance;
• VGDF: The anti-parallel diode forward voltage drop which is in series with ROFF. The diode in this example is an MSS1P4.
• IO-: Peak sink current – the minimum value between 6 A, the gate driver peak sink current, and the calculated value based on the gate drive loop resistance.

In this example,

Equation 9.
Equation 10.

Therefore, the high-side and low-side peak sink current is 3.6 A and 3.7 A respectively.

Importantly, the estimated peak current is also influenced by PCB layout and load capacitance. Parasitic inductance in the gate driver loop can slow down the peak gate drive current and introduce overshoot and undershoot. Therefore, it is strongly recommended that the gate driver loop should be minimized. On the other hand, the peak source/sink current is dominated by loop parasitics when the load capacitance (CISS) of the power transistor is very small (typically less than 1 nF), because the rising and falling time is too small and close to the parasitic ringing period.

Failure to control OUTx voltage to less than the Absolute Maximum Ratings in the datasheet (including transients) may result in permanent damage to the device in certain cases. To reduce excessive gate ringing, it is recommended to use a ferrite bead near the gate of the FET. External clamping diodes can also be added in the case of extended overshoot/undershoot, in order to clamp the OUTx voltage to the VDDx and VSSx voltages.