SLLA284F July   2022  – July 2022 ISO5451 , ISO5452 , ISO5851 , ISO5852S , ISO7142CC , ISO7142CC-Q1 , ISO721 , ISO721-Q1 , ISO721M , ISO721M-EP , ISO722 , ISO7220A , ISO7220M , ISO7221A , ISO7221B , ISO7221C , ISO7221M , ISO722M , ISO7230A , ISO7230C , ISO7230M , ISO7231A , ISO7231C , ISO7231M , ISO7240A , ISO7240C , ISO7240CF , ISO7240M , ISO7241A , ISO7241C , ISO7241M , ISO7242A , ISO7242C , ISO7242M , ISO7310-Q1 , ISO7310C , ISO7340-Q1 , ISO7340C , ISO7340FC , ISO7341-Q1 , ISO7341C , ISO7341FC , ISO7342-Q1 , ISO7342C , ISO7342FC , ISO7740 , ISO7741 , ISO7742 , ISO7760 , ISO7761 , ISO7762 , ISO7810 , ISO7820 , ISO7821 , ISO7830 , ISO7831 , ISO7840 , ISO7841 , ISO7842

 

  1.   Digital Isolator Design Guide
  2.   Trademarks
  3. 1Operating Principle
    1. 1.1 Edge-Based Communication
    2. 1.2 On-Off Keying (OOK) Based Communication
  4. 2Typical Applications for Digital Isolators and Isolated Functions
  5. 3Digital Isolator Selection Guide
    1. 3.1 Parameters of Interest
    2. 3.2 Isolator Families
  6. 4PCB Design Guidelines
    1. 4.1 PCB Material
    2. 4.2 Layer Stack
    3. 4.3 Creepage Distance
    4. 4.4 Controlled Impedance Transmission Lines
    5. 4.5 Reference Planes
    6. 4.6 Routing
    7. 4.7 Vias
    8. 4.8 Decoupling Capacitors
  7. 5Summary
  8. 6References
  9. 7Revision History

On-Off Keying (OOK) Based Communication

The conceptual operation of OOK-based communication is shown in Figure 1-2. The corresponding signaling is shown in Figure 1-3. The isolators in the ISO67xx, ISO78xx and ISO77xx family use this architecture.

In this architecture, the incoming digital bit stream is modulated with an internal spread spectrum oscillator clock to generate OOK signaling, such that one of the input states is represented by transmission of a carrier frequency, and the other state by no transmission. This modulated signal is coupled to the isolation barrier and appears in an attenuated form on the receive side. The receive path consists of a pre-amplifier to gain up the incoming signal followed by an envelope detector that serves as a demodulator to regenerate the original digital pattern. The TX and RX signal conditioning circuits are used to improve the common mode rejection of the channel resulting in better Common Mode Transient Immunity (CMTI).

GUID-2EEAFF69-1AAA-4682-8AE4-FD7A8B15927F-low.gif Figure 1-2 Conceptual Block Diagram of On-Off Keying (OOK) Architecture
GUID-63A2D9CA-4603-4BAE-99DB-973EB06728C7-low.gif Figure 1-3 Representative Signal in OOK Architecture