SBAA349 June   2022 AMC1202 , AMC1300 , AMC1300B-Q1 , AMC1301 , AMC1301-Q1 , AMC1302 , AMC1302-Q1 , AMC1306E05 , AMC3301 , AMC3301-Q1 , AMC3302 , AMC3302-Q1

 

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Design Goals

Current Source

Input Voltage

Output Voltage Single Power Supply
IIN MIN IIN MAX VIN DIFF, MIN VIN DIFF, MAX VOUT DIFF, MIN VOUT DIFF, MAX VDD
–50 A 50 A –50 mV 50 mV -2.05 V 2.05 V 5 V
Design Description

This isolated single-supply bidirectional current sensing circuit can accurately measure load currents from –50 A to 50 A. The linear range of the input is from –50 mV to 50 mV with a differential output swing of –2.05 V to 2.05 V and an output common-mode voltage (VCM) of 1.44 V. The gain of the isolated amplifier circuit is fixed at 41 V/V. The design requires 1200-V working voltage to ensure operator safety in a high-voltage application.

Design Notes

  1. The AMC3302 was selected due to its high accuracy, small input voltage range and the single, low-side power supply requirement of the application.
  2. Select a low impedance, low-noise source for VDD which supplies the AMC3302.
  3. For highest accuracy measurements, select a precision shunt resistor with a low temperature coefficient.
  4. Select the current shunt resistor based on expected peak input current levels.
  5. For continuous operation, do not run shunt resistors at more than two-thirds of the rated current under normal conditions as per IEEE standards. Further reducing the shunt resistance or increasing the rated wattage may be necessary for applications with stringent power dissipation requirements.

Design Steps

  1. Determine the transfer equation given the input current range and the fixed gain of the isolation amplifier.
    V O U T = I i n × R s h u n t × 41
  2. Determine the maximum shunt resistor value.
    R s h u n t = V i n M a x I i n M a x = 50   m V 50   A = 1   m Ω
  3. Determine the minimum shunt resistor power dissipation.
    P o w e r   R s h u n t = I i n M a x 2 × R s h u n t = 2500   A × 0.001   Ω = 2.5   W

DC Transfer Characteristics

The following plots show the simulated DC characteristics of the AMC3302 differential output. The plot shows that the output is linear with a ±50 A input.

Closed Loop AC Simulation Results

The AC sweep shows the AC transfer characteristics of the differential output. Since the AMC3302 has a gain of 41 V/V, the gain of 33.25-dB shown in the following image is expected.

Transient Simulation Results

The following transient simulation shows the output signals of the AMC3302 from –50 A to 50 A. The differential output of the AMC3302 is ±2.05 Vpk-pk as expected.

Design References

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Design Featured Isolation Amplifier

AMC3302
Working voltage

1200 VRMS

Gain

41 V/V

Bandwidth

340 kHz TYP

Linear input voltage range

±50 mV
AMC3302

Design Alternate Isolation Amplifier

AMC3301
Working voltage 1200 VRMS
Gain 8.2 V/V
Bandwidth 334 kHz TYP
Linear input voltage range ±250 mV
AMC3301