Product details


Applications Optical-HRM for wearables, Dry electrode ECG, 1-lead ECG, BP, HRV, SpO2, Vo2 max Number of input channels 4 Resolution (Bits) 24 Number of LEDs 8 Operating temperature range (C) -40 to 85 Interface type I2C, SPI open-in-new Find other Biosensing AFEs

Package | Pins | Size

DSBGA (YBG) 36 7 mm² 2.6 x 2.5 open-in-new Find other Biosensing AFEs


  • Supports simultaneous and synchronized acquisition of up to 24 PPG and a single-lead ECG signal.
  • Flexible allocation of 8 LED, 4 PD in each phase
  • ECG signal chain:
    • 1-lead ECG signal acquisition up to 2 kHz
    • RLD output to drive a third electrode
    • Input noise : 0.7 µV-rms
    • Supports up to ±0.65 V differential DC offset and +/-0.55 V common mode range
    • Programmable INA gain: 11, 21
    • High-pass filter with quick saturation recovery
    • Integrated 300 Hz anti-aliasing low pass filter
    • AC, DC lead-off detect: 2.9 nA to 92.5 nA
    • Low power continuous lead-on detection
  • Impedance signal chain
    • Continuous low-power monitoring of impedance between 2 electrodes
    • 7 MΩ range
    • 300 Ω noise on 620 kΩ
  • PPG Transmitter:
    • 8-Bit Programmable LED Current with range adjustable from 25 mA to 250 mA
    • Mode to fire two LEDs in parallel
    • Support of 8 LEDs in Common Anode configuration for SpO2, Multi-Wavelength HRM
  • PPG Receiver:
    • 2 parallel receivers (two sets of TIA/ filter)
    • Supports 4 Time-Multiplexed Photodiode Inputs to each Receiver
    • 8-bit Ambient Offset subtraction at each TIA input with 256 µA range
    • 8-bit LED Offset Subtraction DAC with 64 µA range
    • Automatic ambient cancellation and dynamic LED DC cancellation at TIA input
    • Ambient rejection close to 100 dB up to 10 Hz
    • Noise filtering with programmable bandwidth
    • Trans-impedance Gain: 3.7 kΩ to 1 MΩ
  • Accurate, Continuous Heart-Rate Monitoring:
    • System SNR up to 109-dB at 16 µA PD current
    • Low Current for Continuous Operation on a Wearable Device with a Typical Value: 15-µA for an LED, 20-µA for the Receiver
  • External clock and internal oscillator modes
  • Acquire data synchronized with system master clock
  • FIFO with 256-sample Depth
  • SPI, I2C interfaces: Selectable by pin
  • 2.6-mm × 2.5-mm DSBGA, 0.4-mm Pitch
  • Supplies: Rx:1.7-1.9V (LDO Bypass); 1.9-3.6V (LDO Enabled), Tx:3-5.5V, IO:1.7-RX_SUP
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The AFE4950 device is an analog front-end (AFE) for synchronized signal acquisition of PPG and ECG signals. The device can also be used for optical bio-sensing applications, such as heart-rate monitoring (HRM) and saturation of peripheral capillary oxygen (SpO2). The ECG signal chain supports 2- and 3-electrode configurations and has an integrated Right leg drive (RLD) buffer. The ECG signal chain can also be used to do a continuous, low-power monitoring of the impedance between pair of electrodes.

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Technical documentation

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Type Title Date
* Data sheet AFE4950 Ultra-Small, Integrated AFE for Wearable Optical Heart-Rate Monitoring, SpO2 and Electrical Bio-sensing datasheet (Rev. B) Jul. 15, 2021
Technical article Solving 5 challenges of ECG signal acquisition in wearables Jul. 21, 2021
Technical article Offset correction improves the next generation of heart-rate smart watches Aug. 24, 2015
Technical article A new way to illuminate the human condition Dec. 30, 2013
Technical article Oximeter signaling: There’s more than meets the eye Dec. 04, 2013

Design & development

For additional terms or required resources, click any title below to view the detail page where available.

Hardware development


The AFE4950 evaluation module (EVM) is designed to expedite evaluation and system-development activities related to the AFE4950 product. AFE4950 is an analog front end (AFE) for synchronized signal acquisition of PPG and ECG signals. AFE4950 can also be used for optical biosensing applications, such (...)

  • Acquire data at up to 1000 SPS in evaluation mode
  • USB-based power and PC application connectivity
  • Access to all AFE4950 registers
  • USB-based firmware upgrade option

Software development

B SECUR ECG algorithms and electrode design services
Provided by B Secur HeartKey is a powerful and accurate set of ECG algorithms, ready for integration into the next generation low power low memory consumer / IoT & medical devices such as smartwatches, smart clothing, medical, automotive, smart home devices and hand-held devices. HeartKey is comprised of advanced (...)

Design tools & simulation

PSpice® for TI design and simulation tool
PSPICE-FOR-TI — PSpice® for TI is a design and simulation environment that helps evaluate functionality of analog circuits. This full-featured, design and simulation suite uses an analog analysis engine from Cadence®. Available at no cost, PSpice for TI includes one of the largest model libraries in the (...)
  • Leverages Cadence PSpice Technology
  • Preinstalled library with a suite of digital models to enable worst-case timing analysis
  • Dynamic updates ensure you have access to most current device models
  • Optimized for simulation speed without loss of accuracy
  • Supports simultaneous analysis of multiple products
  • (...)

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DSBGA (YBG) 36 View options

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