BQ25618/619 integrates charge, boost converter and voltage protection in a single device. It offers
the industrys lowest termination current for switching chargers to charge wearable devices by full
battery capacity. The BQ25618/619 best-in-class low quiescent current reduces battery leakage down
to 6 uA in ship mode, which conserves battery energy to double the shelf life for the device.
BQ25619 is in 4x4 QFN package for easy layout. BQ25618 is in 2.0x2.4mm2 WCSP package for space
The BQ25619/618 is a highly integrated
switch-mode battery charge management and system Power
Path management device for Li-Ion and Li-polymer battery. It features fast charging with high input
voltage support for a wide range of applications including wearables, and earphone charging case. Its low
impedance power path optimizes switch-mode operation efficiency, reduces battery charging time and
extends battery run time during discharging phase. Its input voltage and current regulation,
low termination current, and battery remote
sensing deliver maximum charging power to the battery. The solution is highly integrated
with input reverse-blocking FET (RBFET, Q1), high-side switching FET (HSFET, Q2), low-side
switching FET (LSFET, Q3), and battery FET (BATFET, Q4) between system and battery. It also
integrates the bootstrap diode for the high-side gate drive for simplified system design.
I2C serial interface with charging and system settings makes the device a truly flexible solution.
The device supports a wide range of input sources, including standard USB host port, USB
charging port, USB compliant high voltage adapter and wireless power. It is compliant with USB 2.0
and USB 3.0 power spec with input current and voltage regulation.
The device takes the result
from detection circuit in the system, such as USB PHY device.
The device integrates the buck charger and boost regulator into one solution with single
boost mode supplies 5V (adjustable 4.6 V/4.75 V/5 V/5.15 V) on PMID pin. The boost mode is used to
save BOM and charge another battery by the control of PMID_GOOD.The PMID_GOOD pin is used to drive
the external PMOS FET to disconnect boost output PMID from the attached accessories.
The Power Path management regulates the system slightly above battery voltage but does
not drop below 3.5-V minimum system voltage (programmable) with adapter applied. With this feature, the
system maintains operation even when the battery is completely depleted or removed. When the input
current limit or voltage limit is reached, the Power Path management automatically reduces the
charge current. As the system load continues to increase, the battery starts to discharge the
battery until the system power requirement is met. This supplement mode prevents overloading the
The device initiates and completes a charging cycle without software control. It senses
the battery voltage and charges the battery in three phases: pre-conditioning, constant current and
constant voltage. At the end of the charging cycle, the charger automatically terminates when the
charge current is below a preset limit and the battery voltage is higher than the recharge
threshold. If the fully charged battery falls below the recharge threshold, the charger
automatically starts another charging cycle.
The charger provides various safety features for battery charging and system operations,
including battery negative temperature coefficient thermistor monitoring, charging safety timer and
overvoltage and over-current protections. Thermal regulation reduces charge current when the
junction temperature exceeds 110°C. The
status register reports
the charging status and any fault conditions.
I2C, the VBUS_GD bit indicates if a good power source is present, and
the INT output immediately notifies host when a fault occurs.
The device also provides
the QON pin for BATFET enable and reset control to exit low power ship mode
or full system reset function.
The BQ2619 device is available in 24-pin, 4 mm × 4 mm x 0.75 mm thin WQFN package and
BQ25618 is available in 30-ball, 2.0 mm × 2.4 mm WCSP package.