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Synchronous 4-Bit Binary Counters

SN54HC161-SP

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Product details

Parameters

Function Counter Bits (#) 4 Technology Family HC Supply voltage (Min) (V) 2 Supply voltage (Max) (V) 6 Input type Standard CMOS Output type Push-Pull Features Balanced outputs, High speed (tpd 10-50ns), Positive input clamp diode open-in-new Find other Counter, arithmetic & parity function ICs

Package | Pins | Size

CDIP (J) 16 135 mm² 19.65 x 6.92 open-in-new Find other Counter, arithmetic & parity function ICs

Features

  • Wide Operating Voltage Range of 2 V to 6 V
  • Outputs Can Drive Up To 10 LSTTL Loads
  • Low Power Consumption, 80-µA Max ICC
  • Typical tpd = 14 ns
  • ±4-mA Output Drive at 5 V
  • Low Input Current of 1 µA Max
  • Internal Look-Ahead for Fast Counting
  • Carry Output for n-Bit Cascading
  • Synchronous Counting
  • Synchronously Programmable

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Description

These synchronous, presettable counters feature an internal carry look-ahead for application in high-speed counting designs. The ’HC161 devices are 4-bit binary counters. Synchronous operation is provided by having all flip-flops clocked simultaneously so that the outputs change coincident with each other when so instructed by the count-enable (ENP, ENT) inputs and internal gating. This mode of operation eliminates the output counting spikes that are normally associated with synchronous (ripple-clock) counters. A buffered clock (CLK) input triggers the four flip-flops on the rising (positive-going) edge of the clock waveform.

These counters are fully programmable; that is, they can be preset to any number between 0 and 9 or 15. As presetting is synchronous, setting up a low level at the load input disables the counter and causes the outputs to agree with the setup data after the next clock pulse, regardless of the levels of the enable inputs.

The clear function for the ’HC161 devices is asynchronous. A low level at the clear (CLR)\ input sets all four of the flip-flop outputs low, regardless of the levels of the CLK, load (LOAD)\, or enable inputs.

The carry look-ahead circuitry provides for cascading counters for n-bit synchronous applications without additional gating. Instrumental in accomplishing this function are ENP, ENT, and a ripple-carry output (RCO). Both ENP and ENT must be high to count, and ENT is fed forward to enable RCO. Enabling RCO produces a high-level pulse while the count is maximum (9 or 15 with QA high). This high-level overflow ripple-carry pulse can be used to enable successive cascaded stages. Transitions at ENP or ENT are allowed, regardless of the level of CLK.

These counters feature a fully independent clock circuit. Changes at control inputs (ENP, ENT, or LOAD\) that modify the operating mode have no effect on the contents of the counter until clocking occurs. The function of the counter (whether enabled, disabled, loading, or counting) is dictated solely by the conditions meeting the stable setup and hold times.

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Technical documentation

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Type Title Date
* Datasheet SN54HC161, SN74HC161 datasheet (Rev. D) Sep. 26, 2003
* SMD SN54HC161-SP SMD 5962-84075 Jul. 08, 2016
Selection guide TI Space Products (Rev. H) Jan. 27, 2021
Application note Heavy Ion Orbital Environment Single-Event Effects Estimations May 18, 2020
Application note Single-Event Effects Confidence Interval Calculations Jan. 14, 2020
More literature TI Engineering Evaluation Units vs. MIL-PRF-38535 QML Class V Processing Jun. 17, 2019
Selection guide Logic Guide (Rev. AB) Jun. 12, 2017
Application note Implications of Slow or Floating CMOS Inputs (Rev. D) Jun. 23, 2016
Application note Understanding and Interpreting Standard-Logic Data Sheets (Rev. C) Dec. 02, 2015
User guide LOGIC Pocket Data Book (Rev. B) Jan. 16, 2007
Application note Semiconductor Packing Material Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Protection Jul. 08, 2004
User guide Signal Switch Data Book (Rev. A) Nov. 14, 2003
More literature Logic Cross-Reference (Rev. A) Oct. 07, 2003
Application note TI IBIS File Creation, Validation, and Distribution Processes Aug. 29, 2002
Application note CMOS Power Consumption and CPD Calculation (Rev. B) Jun. 01, 1997
Application note Designing With Logic (Rev. C) Jun. 01, 1997
Application note Input and Output Characteristics of Digital Integrated Circuits Oct. 01, 1996
Application note Live Insertion Oct. 01, 1996
Application note SN54/74HCT CMOS Logic Family Applications and Restrictions May 01, 1996
Application note Using High Speed CMOS and Advanced CMOS in Systems With Multiple Vcc Apr. 01, 1996

Design & development

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