Product details

Number of channels (#) 3 Vin (Min) (V) 2.7 Vin (Max) (V) 6.5 Vout (Min) (V) 2.7 Vout (Max) (V) 6.5 Type Capacitive Switching frequency (Max) (kHz) 1250 LED current per channel (mA) 25 Peak efficiency (%) 90 Topology Boost Features Analog Dimming, Analog/PWM Mixed Dimming, Direct PWM Dimming, Enable/Shutdown, Fault Detection, Integrated Switch, Load Disconnect During Shutdown, Soft Start, Synchronous Rectification, Thermal Shutdown Operating temperature range (C) -40 to 85
Number of channels (#) 3 Vin (Min) (V) 2.7 Vin (Max) (V) 6.5 Vout (Min) (V) 2.7 Vout (Max) (V) 6.5 Type Capacitive Switching frequency (Max) (kHz) 1250 LED current per channel (mA) 25 Peak efficiency (%) 90 Topology Boost Features Analog Dimming, Analog/PWM Mixed Dimming, Direct PWM Dimming, Enable/Shutdown, Fault Detection, Integrated Switch, Load Disconnect During Shutdown, Soft Start, Synchronous Rectification, Thermal Shutdown Operating temperature range (C) -40 to 85
VQFN (RGT) 16 9 mm² 3 x 3
  • Regulated Output Current With 0.4% Matching
  • Drives up to 3 LEDs at 25 mA Each
  • LED Brightness Control Through PWM Control Signal
  • High Efficiency by Fractional Conversion With 1x and 1.5x Modes
  • 1 MHz Switching Frequency
  • 2.7 V to 6.5 V Operating Input Voltage Range
  • Internal Softstart Limits Inrush Current
  • Low Input Ripple and Low EMI
  • Overcurrent and Overtemperature Protected
  • Undervoltage Lockout With Hysteresis
  • Ultra-Small 3mm x 3mm QFN Package
  • APPLICATIONS
    • White LED Backlight for Color Displays in Cellular Phones, Smart Phones, PDAs, Handheld PCs, Digital Cameras, and Camcorders
    • Keypad Backlight
  • Regulated Output Current With 0.4% Matching
  • Drives up to 3 LEDs at 25 mA Each
  • LED Brightness Control Through PWM Control Signal
  • High Efficiency by Fractional Conversion With 1x and 1.5x Modes
  • 1 MHz Switching Frequency
  • 2.7 V to 6.5 V Operating Input Voltage Range
  • Internal Softstart Limits Inrush Current
  • Low Input Ripple and Low EMI
  • Overcurrent and Overtemperature Protected
  • Undervoltage Lockout With Hysteresis
  • Ultra-Small 3mm x 3mm QFN Package
  • APPLICATIONS
    • White LED Backlight for Color Displays in Cellular Phones, Smart Phones, PDAs, Handheld PCs, Digital Cameras, and Camcorders
    • Keypad Backlight

The TPS60231 charge pump is optimized for white LED supplies in color display backlight applications. The device provides a constant current for each LED, which the initial value can be set by an external resistor. The supply voltage ranges from 2.7 V to 6.5 V and is ideally suited for all applications powered by a single LI-Ion battery cell or three to four NiCd, NiMH, or alkaline battery cells. Over an input voltage range from 3.1 V to 6.5 V, the device provides a high output current of up to 25 mA per LED with a total of 75 mA. High efficiency is achieved by utilizing a 1x/1.5x fractional conversion technique in combination with very low dropout current sources. In addition, the current controlled charge pump ensures low input current ripple and EMI. Only two external 1 µF and two 0.47 µF capacitors are required to build a complete small and low cost power supply solution. To reduce board space to a minimum, the device switches at 1 MHz operating frequency and is available in a small 16-pin QFN (RGT) package.

The TPS60231 charge pump is optimized for white LED supplies in color display backlight applications. The device provides a constant current for each LED, which the initial value can be set by an external resistor. The supply voltage ranges from 2.7 V to 6.5 V and is ideally suited for all applications powered by a single LI-Ion battery cell or three to four NiCd, NiMH, or alkaline battery cells. Over an input voltage range from 3.1 V to 6.5 V, the device provides a high output current of up to 25 mA per LED with a total of 75 mA. High efficiency is achieved by utilizing a 1x/1.5x fractional conversion technique in combination with very low dropout current sources. In addition, the current controlled charge pump ensures low input current ripple and EMI. Only two external 1 µF and two 0.47 µF capacitors are required to build a complete small and low cost power supply solution. To reduce board space to a minimum, the device switches at 1 MHz operating frequency and is available in a small 16-pin QFN (RGT) package.

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Technical documentation

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Type Title Date
* Data sheet TPS60231: White LED Charge Pump Current Source With PWM Brightness Control datasheet (Rev. A) 08 Feb 2010
White paper Common LED Functions and LED Driver Design Considerations 21 Sep 2020
Technical article Overcoming challenges for backlight LED drivers in automotive display solutions 16 Jul 2020
Application note Performing Accurate PFM Mode Efficiency Measurements (Rev. A) 11 Dec 2018
Selection guide Power Management Guide 2018 (Rev. R) 25 Jun 2018
Application note Extending the Soft Start Time Without a Soft Start Pin (Rev. B) 15 Jun 2017
Technical article Here's how body electronics and lighting technology are changing the driving experience 26 Sep 2016
Technical article LED brightness adjustment: high-frequency PWM dimming 26 Aug 2016
Technical article Take better selfies with innovative LED flashes 18 Nov 2014
User guide TPS60231EVM-047 User's Guide 13 Oct 2004

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Evaluation board

TPS60231EVM-047 — TPS60231 Evaluation Module

The Texas Instruments TPS60231EVM-047 evaluation module (EVM) helps designers evaluate the operation and performance of the TPS60231. The TPS60231 is an efficient charge-pump-based current sink that can drive up to three white LEDs with 25mA each.

The EVM is specifically designed and optimized to (...)

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PSPICE-FOR-TI — PSpice® for TI design and simulation tool

PSpice® for TI is a design and simulation environment that helps evaluate functionality of analog circuits. This full-featured, design and simulation suite uses an analog analysis engine from Cadence®. Available at no cost, PSpice for TI includes one of the largest model libraries in the (...)
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