The SN74GTLP1394 is a high-drive, 2-bit, 3-wire bus transceiver that provides LVTTL-to-GTLP and GTLP-to-LVTTL signal-level translation. It allows for transparent and inverted transparent modes of data transfer with separate LVTTL input and LVTTL output pins, which provides a feedback path for control and diagnostics monitoring. The device provides a high-speed interface between cards operating at LVTTL logic levels and a backplane operating at GTLP signal levels, and is especially designed to work with the Texas Instruments 1394 backplane physical-layer controllers. High-speed (about three times faster than standard LVTTL or TTL) backplane operation is a direct result of GTLP reduced output swing (<1 V), reduced input threshold levels, improved differential input, OEC circuitry, and TI-OPC circuitry. Improved GTLP OEC and TI-OPC circuitry minimizes bus-settling time and have been designed and tested using several backplane models. The high drive allows incident-wave switching in heavily loaded backplanes with equivalent load impedance down to 11 .
GTLP is the TI derivative of the Gunning Transceiver Logic (GTL) JEDEC standard JESD 8-3. The ac specification of the SN74GTLP1394 is given only at the preferred higher noise margin GTLP, but the user has the flexibility of using this device at either GTL (VTT = 1.2 V and VREF = 0.8 V) or GTLP (VTT = 1.5 V and VREF = 1 V) signal levels.
Normally, the B port operates at GTLP signal levels. The A-port and control inputs operate at LVTTL logic levels, but are 5-V tolerant and are compatible with TTL and 5-V CMOS inputs. VREF is the B port differential input reference voltage.
This device is fully specified for live-insertion applications using Ioff, power-up 3-state, and BIAS VCC. The Ioff circuitry disables the outputs, preventing damaging current backflow through the device when it is powered down. The power-up 3-state circuitry places the outputs in the high-impedance state during power up and power down, which prevents driver conflict. The BIAS VCC circuitry precharges and preconditions the B-port input/output connections, preventing disturbance of active data on the backplane during card insertion or removal, and permits true live-insertion capability.
This GTLP device features TI-OPC circuitry, which actively limits the overshoot caused by improperly terminated backplanes, unevenly distributed cards, or empty slots during low-to-high signal transitions. This improves signal integrity, which allows adequate noise margin to be maintained at higher frequencies.
High-drive GTLP backplane interface devices feature adjustable edge-rate control (ERC\). Changing the ERC\ input voltage between GND and VCC adjusts the B-port output rise and fall times. This allows the designer to optimize system data-transfer rate and signal integrity to the backplane load.
When VCC is between 0 and 1.5 V, the device is in the high-impedance state during power up or power down. However, to ensure the high-impedance state above 1.5 V, the output-enable (OE\) input should be tied to VCC through a pullup resistor; the minimum value of the resistor is determined by the current-sinking capability of the driver.