SLVSCX5B March 2015 – July 2015 DRV8701
The DRV8701 is designed to operate from an input voltage supply (VM) range between 5.9 and 45 V. A 0.1-µF ceramic capacitor rated for VM must be placed as close to the DRV8701 as possible. In addition, the designer must include a bulk capacitor with a valued of at least 10 µF on VM.
Bypassing the external H-bridge FETs requires additional bulk capacitance.
Having appropriate local bulk capacitance is an important factor in motor drive system design. It is generally beneficial to have more bulk capacitance, while the disadvantages are increased cost and physical size.
The amount of local capacitance needed depends on a variety of factors, including:
The inductance between the power supply and motor drive system will limit the rate current can change from the power supply. If the local bulk capacitance is too small, the system will respond to excessive current demands or dumps from the motor with a change in voltage. When adequate bulk capacitance is used, the motor voltage remains stable and high current can be quickly supplied.
The datasheet generally provides a recommended value, but system-level testing is required to determine the appropriate sized bulk capacitor.
The voltage rating for bulk capacitors should be higher than the operating voltage, to provide margin for cases when the motor transfers energy to the supply.