SBOS464A October 2019 – May 2020 INA333-Q1
The input impedance of the INA333-Q1 is extremely high; approximately 100 GΩ. However, a path must be provided for the input bias current of both inputs. This input bias current is typically ±70 pA. High input impedance means that this input bias current changes very little with varying input voltage.
Input circuitry must provide a path for this input bias current for proper operation. Figure 34 shows various provisions for an input bias current path. Without a bias current path, the inputs float to a potential that exceeds the common-mode range of the device, and the input amplifiers saturate. If the differential source resistance is low, the bias current return path can be connected to one input (see the thermocouple example in Figure 34). With higher source impedance, use two equal resistors to provide a balanced input with the possible advantages of a lower input offset voltage as a result of bias current, and improved high-frequency common-mode rejection.