SNVSBN6 April   2020 LM5181-Q1


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
    1.     Device Images
      1.      Typical Application
      2.      Typical Efficiency, VOUT = 5 V
  4. Revision History
  5. Description (continued)
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4 Thermal Information
    5. 7.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 7.6 Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1  Integrated Power MOSFET
      2. 8.3.2  PSR Flyback Modes of Operation
      3. 8.3.3  Setting the Output Voltage
        1. Diode Thermal Compensation
      4. 8.3.4  Control Loop Error Amplifier
      5. 8.3.5  Precision Enable
      6. 8.3.6  Configurable Soft Start
      7. 8.3.7  External Bias Supply
      8. 8.3.8  Minimum On-Time and Off-Time
      9. 8.3.9  Overcurrent Protection
      10. 8.3.10 Thermal Shutdown
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Shutdown Mode
      2. 8.4.2 Standby Mode
      3. 8.4.3 Active Mode
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
    2. 9.2 Typical Applications
      1. 9.2.1 Design 1: Wide VIN, Low IQ PSR Flyback Converter Rated at 5 V, 0.5 A
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
          1.  Custom Design With WEBENCH® Tools
          2.  Custom Design With Excel Quickstart Tool
          3.  Flyback Transformer – T1
          4.  Flyback Diode – DFLY
          5.  Zener Clamp Circuit – DF, DCLAMP
          6.  Output Capacitor – COUT
          7.  Input Capacitor – CIN
          8.  Feedback Resistor – RFB
          9.  Thermal Compensation Resistor – RTC
          10. UVLO Resistors – RUV1, RUV2
          11. Soft-Start Capacitor – CSS
      2. 9.2.2 Application Curves
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Examples
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Device Support
      1. 12.1.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
      2. 12.1.2 Development Support
      3. 12.1.3 Custom Design With WEBENCH® Tools
    2. 12.2 Documentation Support
      1. 12.2.1 Related Documentation
    3. 12.3 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    4. 12.4 Support Resources
    5. 12.5 Trademarks
    6. 12.6 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    7. 12.7 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Power Supply Recommendations

The LM5181-Q1 PSR flyback DC/DC converter operates over a wide input voltage range from 4.5 V to 65 V. The characteristics of the input supply must be compatible with the Specifications. In addition, the input supply must be capable of delivering the required input current to the fully-loaded regulator. Estimate the average input current with Equation 32.

Equation 32. LM5181-Q1 Iin_max1.gif


  • η is the efficiency

If the converter is connected to an input supply through long wires or PCB traces with a large impedance, special care is required to achieve stable performance. The parasitic inductance and resistance of the input cables can have an adverse affect on converter operation. The parasitic inductance in combination with the low-ESR ceramic input capacitors form an underdamped resonant circuit. This circuit can cause overvoltage transients at VIN each time the input supply is cycled ON and OFF. The parasitic resistance causes the input voltage to dip during a load transient. If the regulator is operating close to the minimum input voltage, this dip can cause false UVLO fault triggering and a system reset. The best way to solve such issues is to reduce the distance from the input supply to the regulator and use an aluminum electrolytic input capacitor in parallel with the ceramics. The moderate ESR of the electrolytic capacitors helps to damp the input resonant circuit and reduce any voltage overshoots. A capacitance in the range of 10 µF to 47 µF is usually sufficient to provide input damping and helps to hold the input voltage steady during large load transients. A typical ESR of 0.25 Ω provides enough damping for most input circuit configurations.

An EMI input filter is often used in front of the regulator that, unless carefully designed, can lead to instability as well as some of the effects mentioned above. The application report Simple Success with Conducted EMI for DC-DC Converters provides helpful suggestions when designing an input filter for any switching regulator.