SLOSE29 November 2018 TLV1704-SEP
Make a small change to the comparator circuit to add hysteresis. Hysteresis uses two different threshold voltages to avoid the multiple transitions introduced in the previous circuit. The input signal must exceed the upper threshold (VH) to transition low, or below the lower threshold (VL) to transition high.
Figure 20 illustrates hysteresis on a comparator. Resistor Rh sets the hysteresis level. An open-collector output stage requires a pullup resistor (Rp). The pullup resistor creates a voltage divider at the comparator output that introduces an error when the output is at logic high. This error can be minimized if Rh > 100 Rp.
When the output is at a logic high (5 V), Rh is in parallel with Rx (ignoring Rp). This configuration drives more current into Ry, and raises the threshold voltage (VH) to 2.7 V. The input signal must drive above VH = 2.7 V to cause the output to transition to logic low (0 V).
When the output is at logic low (0 V), Rh is in parallel with Ry. This configuration reduces the current into Ry, and reduces the threshold voltage to 2.3 V. The input signal must drive below VL = 2.3 V to cause the output to transition to logic high (5 V).
For more details on this design and other alternative devices that can be used in place of the TLV1702, refer to Precision Design TIPD144, Comparator with Hysteresis Reference Design.